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职称英语综合类A级:阅读理解题精选(2)

2010-07-06 16:29  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

    Star Quality

    A new anti-cheating system for counting the judges' scores in ice skating is flawed, according to leading sports specialists. Ice skating's governing body announced the new rules last week after concerns that a judge at the Winter Olympics may have been unfairly influenced.

    Initially the judges in the pairs figure-skating event at the Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City voted 5 to 4 to give the gold medal to a Russian pair, even though they had a fall during their routine. But the International Skating Union suspended the French judge for failing to reveal that she had been put under pressure to vote for the Russians. The International Olympics Committee then decided to give a second gold to the Canadian runners-up 亚军)。

    The ISU, skating's governing body, now says it intends to change the rules. In future 14 judges will judge each event, but only 7 of their scores-selected at random-will count.

    The ISU won't finally approve the new system until it meets in June but already UK Sport, the British Government's sports body, has expressed reservations. “1 remain to be convinced that the random selection system would offer the guarantees that everyone concerned with ethical sport is looking for”, says Jerry Bingham, UK Sport's head of ethics (伦理)。

    A random system can still be manipulated, says Mark Dixon, a specialist on sports statistics from the Royal Statistical Society in London. “The score of one or two judges who have been nobbled (受到贿赂) may still be in the seven selected.”

    Many other sports that have judges, including diving, gymnastics, and synchronized swimming, have a system that discards the highest and lowest scores. If a judge was under pressure to favour a particular team, they would tend to give it very high scores and mark down the opposition team, so their scores wouldn't count. It works for diving, says Jeff Cook, a member of the international government body's technical committee. “If you remove those at the top and bottom you're left with those in the middle, so you're getting a reasonable average.”

    Since the 2000 Olympics in Sydney, diving has tightened up in its system still further. Two separate panels of judges score different rounds of diving during top competitions. Neither panel knows the scores given by the other. “We have done this to head off any suggestion of bias,” says Cook.

    Bingham urged the ISU to consider other options. “This should involve examining the way in which other sports deal with the problem of adjudicating (裁定) on matter of style and presentation,” he says.

    6Who won the gold medal in the pairs figure-skating event?

    AThe Russian pair.

    BThe Canadian pair.

    CBoth the Russian pair and the Canadian pair.

    DThe French pair.

    7According to the new rules proposed by the ISU, which of the following is right?

    AThe number of judges will be doubled.

    BOnly half of the judges will score.

    COnly some selected judges will score.

    DOnly half of the scores will count.

    8What does Jerry Bingham express by saying “1 remain to be convinced”?

    AHis anger.

    BHis criticism.

    CHis agreement.

    DHis doubt.

    9The attitude of those concerned in the UK to the new rules proposed by ISU can be best described as

    Aindifferent.

    Breserved.

    Centhusiastic.

    Dpositive.

    10 Which of the following is NOT true of the scoring system for diving?

    AIt is more biased.

    BIt is more reasonable.

    CIt is fairer.

    DIt is tighter.

    <参考答案>

    06. C 07. D 08. D 09. B 10. A

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