1. Life at Aichi University
I‘m Yamamoto Mika， a 22-year old Japanese girl. I’d like to invite you to Aichi University so you can understand my life.
Our university has a close relationship with China and my department is the only one of its kind in Japan. My courses include the Chinese language， modem Chinese politics and economics. I love the Chinese culture and I have been to Tianjin as an exchange students.
In Japan， our courses are divided into compulsory， optional and specialized courses. However， we have a flexible schedule. We can choose classes from a wide range of options.
Many students finish the compulsory courses in three years so that they can have one year without any classes. They often use this period of time to study abroad， conduct research and travel. Many students even suspend their study for additional study-abroad opportunities.
Japanese universities encourage students to choose their own ways of study， so it is quiet easy for us to apply for study suspension.
Japanese students participate in various kinds of extracurricular activities. They attend clubs from elementary schools， so many have already been accustomed to clubs when they enter university.
Our university now has 42 art clubs and 45 sports clubs. The annual University Festival is the grandest carnival of Japanese universities. In the festival， students promote their clubs and organize various activities. Our university‘s festival attracted about 150，000 people last year. I really like this festival.
In school， I participate in the journalism club. When we have the club promotion， we cook “tonnjiru”， a kind of pork soup， and sell it to other students at the fair.
We also go to different places to interview celebrities who attend our festival as guests. It is a wonderful experience to talk to those stars face to face.
Japanese students like to hold parties. We have two kinds of parties. One is the Mochiyori party. If you want to attend this party you have to cook a course and take it to the party. The organizer buys drinks and snacks.
Another kind of party is the Nomikai， which mainly involves alcohol. We drink something called chu-hai， which is a combination of soda and wine. We also drink Japanese sake and beer. There are parties for many occasions， like welcoming new students， graduation， celebrating victories， birthday parties or just for promoting friendship.
（1）.Which statement is NOT true of Yamamoto Mika？
A） She is a Japanese student.
B） She has never been to China.
C） She loves the Chinese culture.
D） She wants you to understand her life.
（2）.Many Japanese students finish the compulsory courses in three years because
A） they want to get married.
B） they want to stay at home.
C） they want to study abroad.
D） they want to make money.
（3）.Which of the following is NOT a feature of the University Festival？
A） Inviting government officials to dinner.
B） Organizing various activities.
C） Interviewing celebrities.
D） Promoting clubs.
（4）.When you attend a Mochiyori party， you need
A） interview celebrities.
B） buy drinks and snacks.
C） get permission from the organizer.
D） take to it a course you have cooked.
（5）.The word compulsory could be best replaced by
2. Calling for Safe Celebrations This Fourth of July
Last Fourth of July， Pete， a 14-year-old boy， was enjoying the lit-up skies and loud booms from the fireworks being set off in his neighborhood. Suddenly， the evening took a terrible turn.A bottle rocket shot into his eye， immediately causing him terrible pain. His family rushed him to the emergency room for treatment. As a result of the injury， Pete developed glaucoma and cataracts. Today， Pete has permanent vision loss in his injured eye because of his bottle rocket injury.
June is Fireworks Eye Safety Awareness Month， and through its Eye Smart campaign the American Academy of Ophthalmology wants to remind consumers to leave fireworks to professionals. “There is nothing worse than a Fourth of July celebration ruined by someone being hit in the eye with a bottle rocket，” said Dr. John C. Hagan， clinical correspondent for the Academy and an ophthalmologist at Discover Vision Centers in Kansas City. “A safe celebration means letting trained professionals handle fireworks while you enjoy the show.”
According to the U. S. Consumer Product Safety Commission， more than 9，000 fireworks related injuries happen each year. Of these， nearly half are head-related injuries， with nearly 30 percent of these injuries to the eye. One-fourth of fireworks eye injuries result in permanent vision loss or blindness. Children are the most common victims of firework abuse， with those fifteen years old or younger accounting for 50 percent of fireworks eye injuries in the United States. Dr. Hagan estimates that his practice sees more than 30 injuries each year from fireworks.
Even fireworks that many people consider safe represent a threat to the eyes. For children under the age of five， apparently harmless sparklers account for one-third of all fireworks injuries. Sparklers can bum at nearly 2，000 degrees Fahrenheit.
（1）.What happened to Pete last Fourth of July？
A He was burned in a house fire.
B He was caught in a rain.
C He was injured in a fight.
D He was hit in the eye.
（2）.The American Academy of Ophthalmology calls on consumers to___________.
A celebrate the Fourth of July with fireworks.
B leave fireworks to professionals in their celebrations.
C stop celebrating the Fourth of July altogether.
D set off fireworks together with trained professionals.
（3）.How many fireworks eye injuries occur in the US each year？
A About 9，000.
B About 4，500.
C About 1，350.
D About 30.
（4）.Fireworks eye injuries can result in each of the following EXCEPT____________.
B permanent vision loss.
C glaucoma and cataracts.
D head-related injuries.
（5）.Which is NOT true of sparklers？
A They are harmless to children.
B They are considered safe by many people.
C They are a threat to the eyes.
D They can burn at very high degrees.
3. Warm people likely to keep cold at bay
Staying positive through the cold season could be your best defense against getting ill， new study findings suggest. In an experiment that exposed healthy volunteers to a cold or flu virus， researchers found that people with a generally sunny disposition were less likely to fall ill.
The findings， published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine， build on evidence that a “positive emotional style” can help ward off the common cold and other illnesses. Researchers believe the reasons may be both objective as in happiness boosting immune function and subjective as in happy people being less troubled by a scratchy throat or runny nose.
“People with a positive emotional style may have different immune responses to the virus，” explained lead study author Dr Sheldon Cohen of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. “And when they do get a cold， they may interpret their illness as being less severe.”
Cohen and his colleagues had found in a previous study that happier people seemed less susceptible to catching a cold， but some questions remained as to whether the emotional trait itself had the effect.
For the new study， the researchers had 193 healthy adults complete standard measures of personality traits， self-perceived health and emotional “style.” Those who tended to be happy， energetic and easy-going were judged as having a positive emotional style， while those who were often unhappy， tense and hostile had a negative style.
The researchers gave them nasal drops containing either a cold virus or a particular flu virus. Over the next six days， the volunteers reported on any aches， pains， sneezing or congestion they had， while the researchers collected objective data， like daily mucus production. Cohen and his colleagues found that based on objective measures of nasal woes， happy people were less likely to develop a cold.
（1）.According to a study author， when people with a positive emotional style do get a cold， they may think ___________.
A） that their illness is very serious
B） that their illness is not so serious
C） that they do not get any illness at all
D） that the illness they get is not a mild one
（2）.People with a positive emotional style may have all of the following characteristics EXCEPT ____________.
（3）.Which of the following is NOT one of the characteristics that people with a negative emotional style may have？
（4）.How did the researchers test their volunteers？
A） By giving everyone nasal drops containing either a cold virus or a particular flu virus.
B） By giving everyone a medicine that help lessen the probability of catching cold.
C） By giving everyone an injection boosting immune function.
D） By investigating everyone‘s characteristics， interests and hobbies.
（5）.Which of the following items is NOT included in the data that the researchers collected？
A） Mucus production.
B） Aches and pains.
C） Sneezing or congestion.
D） Blood test.