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卫生类:常考的概括大意精选(7)

2010-07-14 14:33  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

    Stanford University

    Stanford University, famous as one of northern California's several institutions of higher learning, is sometimes called “the Harvard of the West.” The closeness of Stanford to San Francisco, a city thirty-two miles to the north, gives the university a decidedly cosmopolitan flavor.

    The students are enrolled mainly from the western United State. But most of the fifty states send students to Stanford, and many foreign students study here, as well. And standards for admission remain high. Young men and women are selected to enter the university from the upper fifteen percent of their high school classes.

    Not only because of the high caliber of its students but also because of the desirable location and climate, Stanford has attracted to its faculty some of the world's most respected scholars. The university staff has included many Nobel Prize winners such as Dr. Felix Bloch, Dr. Robert Hofstadter, and Dr. William Shockley in physics, Dr. Author Kornberg and Dr. Joshua Lederberg in medicine, and Dr. Paul J. Flory and Dr. Linus Pauling in chemistry. The Russian novelist Aleksander Solzhenistsyn has been in residence. Stanford's undergraduate school of engineering and its graduate schools of business, law, and medicine are especially well-regarded.

    What is student life like on “The Farm”? Culturally, the campus is a magnet for both students and citizens of nearby communities. Plays, concerts, and operas are performed in the university's several auditoriums and in its outdoor theater, where graduations are also held. Several film series are presented during the school year. Guest lecturers from public and academic life frequently appear on campus. In the evenings, many students gather to socialize in the Student Union's coffee house; here the beverages an the atmosphere both have a decidedly European flavor. For the sports-minded, the Stanford campus offer highly developed athletic facilities. Team sports, swimming, and track and field activity are all very much part of the Stanford picture. So are bicycling and jogging.

    In addition to financial support from alumni, Stanford receives grants from the government and from private philanthropic foundations. In recent years, government grants have made possible advanced studies in the fields of history, psychology, education, and atomic energy. At presents Stanford is carrying out an ambitions building program, financed in part by the Ford Foundation's 25 million grant. Recently added to the campus are a new physics building, new school of business, new graduate school of law, new student union, and undergraduate library.

    1. Paragraph 2______

    2. Paragraph 3______

    3. Paragraph 4______

    4. Paragraph 5______

    A Colorful life on the campus

    B Intelligent student body

    C School administration

    D Distinguished faculty

    E Substantial financial support

    F The Harvard of the west

    1. Paragraph 1

    2. Paragraph 3

    3. Paragraph 4

    4. Paragraph 6

    5. Those high school graduates who can enter Stanford University ______.

    6. Many professors like to teach in this university partly because here _____.

    7. On the faculty of the university there are ______.

    8. Financial support from both private organizations and the government has made possible _____.

    A they can find the best students

    B the university's academic advancement and physical extension

    C some of the most distinguished scholars of the world

    D where a sports meet is held every year

    E must have been the top students in their class

    F must be hardworking

    KEY: B D A E E A C B

    Singapore

    1 Singapore is an independent city-state in southeastern Asia, consisting of one major island -the Singapore island-and more than 50 small islands, located off the southern tip of Malay. The city of Singapore, the capital of the country, is at the southeastern end of the Singapore Island; it is one of the most important port cities and commercial centers of Southeast Asia. The total area of the republic is 640 sq.km.

    2 Low-lying Singapore Island has no outstanding relief(轮廓鲜明的) features. A central area of hills rises to the maximum height of 176m. The country has a wet tropical climate, with an average annual temperature of 27.20°C. The average annual rainfall is 2.413 mm, the wettest months are November through January.

    3 Singapore is governed under a constitution of 1959. A president, elected to a four-year term, is head of state, and a prime minister is head of government. The president used to be selected by Parliament, but by 1991 constitutional amendment (修正案), the president is now elected directly by the people. The Parliament is the law-making body with its 81 members popularly elected.

    4 In the late 1980s the country had some 290 primary schools with 278,300 pupils and 160 secondary schools with 200,200 students. The main institution of higher education are the National University of Singapore, several technical colleges, and a teachers college.

    5 Singapore has one of the highest standards of living of any country in Asia. In the late 1980s the gross domestic product was estimated at $23.7 billion, or $8,870 per person. The fishing industry is centered on the port of During, on southwestern Singapore Island. Industry has grown rapidly since the 1960s, and Singapore now produces a diversity(多样化的) of goods, including chemicals, electronic items, clothing, and processed foods, etc. Shipbuilding and petroleum refining are also important.

    1. Paragraph 2____

    2. Paragraph 3____

    3. Paragraph 4____

    4. Paragraph 5____

    A Education

    B Land and climate

    C State system

    D Natural resources

    E Economy

    F Population

    5. Singapore is a small state in the southeast of Asia_____.

    6. According to the constitution of Singapore, the president of the state is selected____.

    7. Compared with people in other Asian countries, the Singapore____.

    8. Though small, Singapore has an industry of its own and can ____.

    A live a better life

    B made up of more than 50 islands

    C have more farmland

    D not by the Parliament, but by the people

    E produce goods of various kinds

    F have a big population

    Keys: BCAEB DAE

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