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卫生类:常考的概括大意精选(1)

2010-07-14 14:20  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

    Breaking the News about Your Diagnosis

    1 When I was diagnosed with breast cancer nearly a year ago, I found myself at a loss for words at first. Over time, however, I developed some pointers (点子), which I hope willhelp others.

    2 During the first few weeks of emotional “aftershocks” (余悸) from the diagnosis, I found myself unable to utter the word “cancer”。 Still, I wanted to share the news with my relatives and friends who already knew that I'd had a biopsy (活检) and were anxiously awaiting my telephone call. I did the best I could, which is all anyone can do in this situation. When I called them, I said, “What we feared has happened.” They immediately knew what I meant.

    3 Nearly a year after my diagnosis, I find myself more comfortable telling people “1 was diagnosed with cancer” instead of saying '“1 have cancer.” On some deep level, I don't want to “own” this illness. Choose language that suits you when you share your news. And keep in mind that there is no one “right” way of doing this.

    4 Most people, after hearing your announcement, will be curious about the next step.

    They may wonder if you will be undergoing radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy (化疗)。They may wonder where and when you will have surgery. Answer their questions as best you can, but keep in mind that “1 don't know right now” or “I'm still in too much shock to think about that” are good answers.

    5 Wait until the initial wave of strong emotions has passed before telling the children in your life. Don't overwhelm (使不知所措) very young children with too much information. Assure them that, even if you will be in the hospital for a while, they will see you every day and they will be cared for. Older children may already fear the word “cancer”, so be prepared to reassure them. Emphasize the positive steps that doctors will be taking to treat your illness.

    23 Paragraph 2____________.

    24 Paragraph 3____________.

    25 Paragraph 4____________.

    26 Paragraph 5____________.

    A Break the news as calmly as possible to children

    B Break the news at your own pace

    C Share the good news with your friends

    D Choose language that suits you

    E Follow your doctor's advice

    F Be prepared for people's curiosity

    27 You can break the news about your diagnosis without saying____________.

    28 When breaking the news about your diagnosis, you can have____________.

    29 After hearing about your diagnosis, people will ask questions____________.

    30 Very young children won't feel comfortable____________.

    A your own choice of words

    B the word “cancer”

    C the positive steps

    D about the next step

    E on too many answers

    F with too much information

    答案:

    23 B 24 D 25 F 26 A

    27 B 28 A 29 D 30 F

    ZYBAN Tablets (药片)

    1 ZYBAN is a prescription (处方) medicine to help people quit smoking. Studies have shown that more than one third of people quit smoking for at least one month while taking ZYBAN. For many patients, ZYBAN reduces withdrawal symptoms (脱瘾过程中产生的症状) and the strong wish to smoke.

    2 ZYBAN should be taken as directed by your doctor. The usual recommended dosing(剂量) is to take one 150-mg tablet in the morning for the first 3 days. On the fourth day, begin taking one 150-mg tablet in the morning and one 150-mg tablet in the early evening. Doses should be taken at least 8 hours apart.

    3 For most patients, treatment will last 7 to 12 weeks. Because results vary, it may take longer for some people, Possibly up to 6 months depending on the individual. If you've been smoking for a long time, ZYBAN will help to reduce withdrawal symptoms. It's important to remain on ZYBAN for at least 7 to 12 weeks in order to quit for good. Your doctor should determine when to stop taking ZYBAN

    4 It takes about 1 week for ZYBAN to reach the right levels in your body to be effective So, to increase your chance of quitting as much as possible, you should not stop smoking until you have been taking ZYBAN for 1 week. You should set a date to stop smoking during the second week you're taking ZYBAN.

    5 The side effects (副作用) associated with ZYBAN are generally mild and often disappear after a few weeks. The most common side effects are dry mouth and difficulty in sleeping. If you have difficulty sleeping, avoid taking your medicine too close to bedtime

    23 Paragraph 2_________.

    24 Paragraph 3_________.

    25 Paragraph 4_________.

    26 Paragraph 5_________.

    A What is ZYBAN?

    B What are the side effects of taking ZYBAN?

    C Who invented ZYBAN?

    D How long should I take ZYBAN?

    E How long does it take for ZYBAN to work?

    F How should I take ZYBAN?

    27 For the first 3 days, ZYBAN should be taken

    28 To quit smoking for good, you should take ZYBAN for

    29 The time it takes for ZYBAN to be effective is

    30 The side effects of taking ZYBAN often go away

    A around8 hours

    B at least 7 to 12 weeks

    C on the fourth day

    D about 1 week

    E after a few weeks

    F only once a day

    答案:

    23 F 24 D 25 E 26 B

    27 F 28 B 29 D 30 E

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