What Is Anthrax （炭疽）?
There's been a lot of talk about anthrax on the news lately. Some people are worried that anthrax may be connected to terrorist attacks or that terrorists may spread the germ that. （1） the disease. Federal officials and police are investigating this and taking （2） to protect us.
In the meantime, it's important not to panic over anthrax. The chances that you and your family （3） at risk are very tiny. One of the ways you can feel better is to learn about anthrax. When you know what it is and （4） you can get it, it doesn't seem quite as scary.
So, what （5） is anthrax?
Here are the facts on anthrax:
Anthrax is a bacterial infection caused by a germ. Although it's most common in farm （6）, like sheep, cows, pigs, horses, and goats, there's a very small chance that people can get it, too.
Anthrax spores （孢子） （a version of the germ in a protective shell that can live in the soil for years） cause the disease.
People may get anthrax if they are exposed to anthrax （7）. But here's the important part: just being exposed to these spores doesn't mean that a person will get （8）.
For a person to get sick, he would have to breathe in thousands of these spores all the way into his （9）. Or he'd have to eat meat contaminated with anthrax or handle （10） that has anthrax spores. This may sound scary, but even when a person comes . （11） contact with the spores, it's unlikely that he'll get sick. （12） the bacteria do not get into the skin, digestive tract, or lung, the disease won't develop.
Anthrax is not spread from person to person the way the flu can spread from family member to （13） member or classmate to classmate.
Anthrax can almost always be successfully treated with antibiotics （抗生素）.
Anthrax is very rare. Until recently, anthrax wasn't even talked about because it was so rare —— and it still （14）! Even with all of the anthrax cases you are hearing about right now, a person's chances of getting anthrax are about the （15） as they were before you heard about anthrax on the news —— very, very low.
1 A raises B causes C takes D moves
2 A measures B ways C acts D deeds
3 A are B look C pose 13 turn
4 A that B what C how 13 whom
5 A namely B frankly C properly 13 exactly
6 A places B animals C households 13 insects
7 A germs B infections C risks 13 spores
8 A sick B frightened C wrong 13 worse
9 A stomach B lung C mouth 13 skin
10 A something B anything C what 13 which
11 A into B through C by 13 onto
12 A Unless B If C Although 13 Before
13 A family B other C another 13 community
14 A so B is C exists D does
15 A case B same C rate 13 score
01. B 02. A 03. A 04. C 05. D
06. B 07. D 08. A 09. B 10. A
11. A 12. B 13. A 14. B 15. B