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职称英语考试综合类真题精选:词汇选项

2010-05-13 17:47  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

  下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1 These are the motives for doing it.

  A  reasons

  B  excuses

  C answers

  D   replies

  2 The river widens considerably as it begins to turn west

  A  extends

  B  stretches

  C  broadens

  D  bends

  3  Many economists have given in to the fatal lure of mathematics.

  A error

  B puzzle

  C  attraction

  D  contradiction

  4  With immense relief I stopped running

  A  no

  B  1ittle

  C  scarce

  D  enormous

  5  A great deal has been done to remedy the situation

  A  maintain

  B  improve

  C preserve

  D protect

  6  John is collaborating with Mary in writing an article

  A  cooperating

  B  marrying

  C  combining

  D  arguing

  7 He will consolidate his power.

  A  strengthen

  B  win

  C  abandon

  D  unite

  8 Many scientists have been probing psychological problems

  A  solving

  B  exploring

  C  settling

  D handling

  9.Hearing problems may be alleviated by changes in diet and exercise habits.

  A  removed

  B  cured

  C treated

  D  lessened

  10 The conclusion can be deduced from the premises

  A gone

  B derived

  C done

  D  come

  11 The food is insufficient for three people

  A scarce

  B  short

  C marginal

  D  inadequate

  12 Most of the butterflies perish in the first frosts of autumn

  A die

  B disappear

  C migrate

  D  vanish

  13 But ultimately he gave in.

  A  undoubtedly

  B  certainly

  C  finally

  D  necessarily

  14 It is a complicated problem.

  A strange

  B complex

  C  difficult

  D unusual

  15 In Britain and many other countries appraisal is now a tool of management-

  A evaluation

  B production

  C efficiency

  D publicity

  参考答案

  1  A  motive:动机。reason:理由。这两个词意思比较接近。There is no reason to doubt his word.没有理由不相信他的话。excuse:借口。answer和reply都有“回答”的意思。

  2  C  widen和broaden都有“拓宽”的意思。extend:延伸:延长。The builders extended the road for three more miles.筑路人把道路延长了三英里。stretch:延伸。The forests stretch for hundreds of miles森林绵延数百英里。bend:弯曲。

  3  c lure:吸引。attraction:吸引。这两个词意思相近。The attraction of this house lies in its simplicity.J~所房子的诱人之处在于它的简单。error:错误。puzzle:难题。contradiction:矛盾。

  4 D  immense和enormous都有“巨大的”意思。It was all enormous disappointment.此事太令人失望了。no是“没有”,little是“几乎没有”,  scarce是“不足的”。

  5  B  remedy:补救。improve:改进。这两个词意思相近。Herbal medicine can be used to improve our health.草药可用于增进我们的健康。maintain:保持。preserve:保护。protect:保护。

  6 A  collaborate:合作;勾结。cooperate:合作。  She has agreed to cooperate with the police in the investigation她同意在调查中跟警察合作。marry:结婚。combine:合并。argue:争论。

  7 A  consolidate:巩固。strengthen:巩固,加强。To strengthen his position in Parliament,he held talks with leaders of the Peasant Party.为了加强在国会中的地位,他跟农民党的领导人进行了会谈。win:赢得。abandon:放弃。unite:联合。

  8  B probe:探索。explore:探索。这两个词意思很相近。Both parties are exploring ways of settling the dispute双方都在寻求解决争端的办法。solve:解决。settle:解决。handle:处理。

  9 D  alleviate:减轻。lessen:减轻:变小。The medicine begins to take effect and Symptoms lessen药已经起作用,症状减轻了。remove:去掉;切除。cure:治疗。treat:处理。

  10 B deduce:推导。derive:推导。  Defensive behavior patterns derive from our Subconscious fears各种防卫行为的模式来自于我们下意识的恐惧。20:去。d0:干。come:来。

  11 D  insufficient:不充分的。inadequate:不充分的。Supplies of food and medicine are inadequate食物和药品供应不足。scarce:稀少的。short:短的。marginal:少量的。

  12 A perish:死亡。die:死亡。111e old man will die soon这个老人很快会死去。disappear:消失。migrate:迁移。vanish:消失。

  13 C  ultimately:最后。finally:最后。The food finally arrived at the end of last month食品终于在上月末运到了。certainly:当然。necessarily:必定地。

  14 B  complicated:复杂的。complex;复杂的。The issue is very complex,这个问题太复杂了。strange:奇怪的。difficult:困难。unusual:不寻常的。

  15 A  appraisal:评价。evaluation:评价。Evaluation is standard practice for a11 training评价是各种教育的通常的做法。production:生产。efficiency:效率。publicity:出名。

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