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2009年职称英语卫生类教材新增部分内容(十)

2009-02-16 14:44  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

第六部分 完形填空(共六篇)

第九篇

Many Women Who Beat Cancer Don't Change Habits

  Many women who battle breast cancer will tell you it's a life-changing experience. However, a new study shows that for many 1 , the changes aren't always positive or permanent1.

  Beth Snoke has watched her mother and both grandmothers battle and survive breast 2 .So when she was diagnosed, there was no doubt in her mind 3 she had to do.

  "I do exactly what the doctors say as far as the medicine that I'm on, as 4 as the vitamins, the diet, and the fitness. And I can't stress enough 5 important that is," says Beth Snoke. But a surprising new study shows that 6 every woman who beats breast cancer is getting that message. In fact, nearly 40% of them say even 7 surviving breast cancer, they haven't made significant changes in the 8 they eat or how much they exercise.

  "Not all survivors are taking advantage of this teachable moment and making positive health changes in 9 life," says Electra Paskett, PhD, at Ohio State University's Comprehensive Cancer Center. Paskett says diet and exercise have been proven to not only help women feel better during and after treatment, they may 10 play a role in preventing some cancers from coming back. 11 growing evidence, some women just aren't listening.

  "Colon cancer survivors 12 exercise have actually been shown to have improved survival rates. So, yes, it is true that perhaps by making some of these healthy choices we can actually increase their health," says Paskett.

  As a breast cancer survivor 13 , Paskett knows first hand how much difference diet and exercise can 14 The challenge, she says, is to get more survivors to be more like Beth, during and after treatment.

  Experts say exercising more and eating a healthier diet can also cut 15 on2 stress and help women overcome depression. There are more than 2 million breast cancer survivors living in the U.S. Of those, nearly a million have yet to change their diet or exercise routines.

  词汇:

  Colon n.结肠

  注释:

  1.the changes aren’t always positive or permanent:这些变化并非总是正面的或者是持久的。

  2.cut down on:减少

  练习:

  1. A women B people C persons D men

  2. A death B ache C cancer D feeding

  3. A which B that C what D those

  4. A far B soon C fast D early

  5. A what B so C very D how

  6. A not B no C neither D nor

  7. A before B after C without D since

  8. A place B kind C way D much

  9. A their B his C her D our

  10. A too B do C further D also

  11. A Despite B Although C Accepting D Regardless

  12. A who B whose C which D what

  13. A myself B itself C herself D yourself

  14. A take B make C offer D decide

  15. A up B off C in D down

  答案与题解:

  1.A根据短文的题目和第一段的头一句话可以得知,全篇谈的主要是患癌妇女的生活、运动等习惯是否改变问题。

  2.C之前已经两次出现breast cancer。

  3.C此处应选关系代词what作后面do的宾语。

  4.A as far as表示程度、范围,前面刚刚出现过。

  5.D表示“多么重要”应说how important。

  6.A从上下文可以得知,本句话的意思是:然而,一项令人吃惊的新研究显示,并非每一位战胜乳腺癌的妇女都知晓这一点。

  7.B从上下文可以判断,空格处应选after,表示“即使在得了乳腺癌而幸存下来之后”。

  8.C表示“她们的饮食方式”应用the way they eat。

  9.A对应前面的survivors,应用人称代词的第三人称复数形式。

  10.D前面出现了not only,因此这里应用also。

  11.A根据上下文可以得知,本句话的意思是:尽管有越来越多的证据,但有些妇女就是听不进去。在意思上,despite和regardless均可,但despite是介词,符合;regardless是形容词,后无of,不符合。

  12.A用表示人的关系代词who指代前面的survivors。

  13.C表示Paskett她本人,应用herself。

  14.B make difference是固定搭配,表示“起作甩;有影响”。

  15.D cut down on是固定搭配,表示“减少”。

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