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2009年职称英语综合类教材新增部分内容(十)

2009-02-16 14:56  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

第六部分 完形填空(共四篇)

第十四篇

Improve Computer-research Skills

  Like many college students, Jose Juarez carries around a pocket-sized computer that lets him watch movies, surf the Interact and text-message his friends1.

  He's part of "Generation M" - those born after 1985 who 1 up connected to everything from video game to cellphones.

  "For us, it's everyday life," said Juarez, 18, a freshman 2 California State University at Sacramento (CSUS).

  3 ,educators are now saying that not all Generation M-ers can synthesize the piles of information they're accessing.

  "They're geeky2, but they don't know what to 4 with their geekdom," said

  Barbara O'Connor, a Sacramento State communications studies professor who has been involved in a nationwide 5 to improve students' computer-research skills.

  In a recent nationwide test to 6 their technological "literacy" their ability to use the Interact to complete class assignments - only 49 percent correctly evaluated a set of Web sites for objectivity, authority and timeliness. Only 35 per cent could correctly narrow an overly 7 Internet search.

  About 130 Sacramento State students, including Juarez, participated in the experimental test, 8 to 6,300 college students across the country.

  The hour-long assessment test is conducted by Educational Testing Service. It is a web-based scavenger hunt3(拾荒游戏) 9 simulated Interact search engines and academic databases that spit out purposely misleading information.

  "They're very good at 10 in and using the Internet, but don't always understand what they get back," said Linda Goff, head of instructional services for the CSUS library.

  "You see an open search box, you type in a few words and you 11 the button," said Goff, who is involved in the testing.

  "They take at face value4 12 shows up at the top of the list as the best stuff."

  Educators say that these sloppy research skills are troubling.

  "We look at that as a foundational skill, in the same way we 13 math and English as a foundational skill," said Lorie Roth, assistant vice-chancellor for academic programmes in the CSU5 system.

  Measuring how well students can "sort the good 14 the bad" on the Internet has become a higher priority for CSU, Roth said.

  CSU is considering 15 a mandatory assessment test on technological literacy for all freshmen, much as it has required English and math placement tests since the 1980s.

  Students in freshman seminars at Sacramento State were asked to take the test early in the semester and were expected to finish another round this week to measure their improvement.

  词汇:

  surf v.浏览

  cellphone n.手机

  geeky adj.与网络交往的

  scavenger n.拾荒者

  sloppy adj.马虎的

  mandatory adj.强制性的

  literacy n.文化水平

  注释:

  1.text—message his friends给朋友发信息。

  2.geek是“极客”。这是音译。所谓“极客”是指跟网络交往的高手。Geekdom作为一个八极客。“-dom”是后者,有多种意思,此处表示“作为……的状况”。

  3.scavenger hunt拾荒游戏。所谓“拾荒游戏”是指在规定的时间内搜索到难以搜索的东西,以先搜到者为胜。

  4.take as face value是“断然接受一句话所说的(即字面意义)而不去考虑它是否还有其它的含义”。

  5.CSU是California State University的缩写。

  练习:

  1. A) brought B) built C) stood D) grew

  2. A) about B) near C) at D) near

  3. A) Besides B) However C) In addition D) Of course

  4. A) do B) work C) make D) deal

  5. A) effort B) plot C) wish D) slogan

  6. A) ask B) measure C) require D) demand

  7. A) small B) little C) broad D) large

  8. A) conducted B) held C) managed D) administered

  9. A) between B) upon C) by D) with

  10, A) writing B) copying C) typing D) moving

  11. A) pull B) push C) beat D) strike

  12. A) whatever B) whoever C) whichever D) however

  13. A) look at B) take up C) cope with D) serve as

  14. A) out B) from C) on D) off

  15. A) added B) adds C) adding D) add

  答案与题解:

  1.D 这四个动词都可以跟“up”构成有意义的搭配。但是,只有“grew up”放入后是合适的。如果用“brought up”,前面需要一个“be”动词。整个句子说的是:他是“M代”的一个,“M代”就是那些l985年后生的,他们的成长跟从电子游戏到手机等各种玩意儿联系在一起的。

  2.C “California State University at Sacramento”是一所大学。它前面的介词用“at”或“in”。

  3.B 所在句子跟上面句子在意思上有转折,因此用“However”。上面主要讲Juarez是“M代”的一员,整天背着电脑,因为对他来说,电脑是生活的一部分。有鉴于此,他应该是电脑高手。紧接着的句子是这么说的:然而,教育工作者现在说,不是所有的M代人都能把他们正在找的一堆堆的信息综合起来。

  4.A “what to do with their geekdom”是“他们的网络交往的熟练水平用来干什么”。

  5.A “in an effort/in efforts to do...”是“致力于……”的意思。

  6.B 考试是为了测量某方面的能力或水平,因此“measure”是对的。

  7.C 所在句子中有“narrow”这个词,它的反义词是“broad”,这也可看作是一个提示。整个句子说的是:只有34%的人能够正确地缩小过宽的网上搜索。

  8.D “administer”是“组织并监督”的意思。整个句子说的是:包括Juarez在内的大约130名Sacrament0州的学生参加了为全国6,300名大学生组织的实验性测试。

  9.D 这个句子是讲“拾荒游戏”,用“with”可以表示它有什么性质。整个句子说的是:它是一种基于网络的拾荒游戏,它有模拟因特网搜索引擎和能不断输出有意引起误解的信息的数据库。

  10.C 电脑是有键盘的,输入词时我们不是用笔写而是用键,“type in”就是“键入”。

  11.B 电脑的键盘上由许多按钮,按“按钮”是“push the button”或“press the button”。

  12.A 由于用电脑是为了获得信息,因此用一个比较宽泛的词比较合适,所以选择“whatever”是最佳的。整个句子说的是:他们断然把出现在单子上端的认为是最好的。

  13.A 句子中的“in the same way”提示我们应该选择上半句中已经出现过的“look at”。

  14.B “sort the good from the bad”是“把好的和坏的区分开来”。

  15.C “consider”要求后面跟动名词。

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