您的位置:职业培训教育网  > 职称英语 > 复习指导 > 考试大纲 > 正文

2009年职称英语理工类教材新增部分内容(五)

2009-02-16 14:23  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

  第四部分 阅读理解(共六篇)

  第三篇

  Light Night, Dark Stars

  Thousands of people around the globe step outside to gaze at their night sky. On a clear night, with no clouds, moonlight, or artificial lights to block the view, people can see more than 14,000 stars in the sky, says Dennis Ward, an astronomer with the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) in Boulder, Colo1. But when people are surrounded by city lights, he says, they're lucky to see 150 stars.

  If you've ever driven toward a big city at night and seen its glow from a great distance, you've witnessed light pollution. It occurs when light from streetlights, office buildings, signs, and other sources streams into space and illuminates the night sky. This haze of light makes many stars invisible to people on Earth. Even at night, big cities like New York glow from light pollution, making stargazing2 difficult.

  Dust and particles of pollution from factories and industries worsen the effects of light pollution. "If one city has a lot more light pollution than another," Ward says, "that city will suffer the effects of light pollution on a much greater scale. "

  Hazy skies also make it far more difficult for astronomers to do their jobs.

  Cities are getting larger. Suburbs are growing in once dark, rural areas. Light from all this new development is increasingly obscuring the faint light given off by distant stars. And if scientists can't locate these objects, they can't learn more about them.

  Light pollution doesn't only affect star visibility. It can harm wildlife too. It's clear that artificial light can attract animals, making them go off course3. There's increasing evidence, for example, that migrating birds use sunsets and sunrises to help find their way, says Sydney Gauthreaux Jr., a scientist at Clemson University in South Carolina. "When light occurs at night," he says, "it has a very disruptive influence. " Sometimes birds fly into lighted towers, high-rises, and cables from radio and television towers. Experts estimate that millions of birds die this way every year.

  词汇:

  astronomer n. 天文学家 migrate v.迁移,迁徒

  Illuminate v. 照明,照亮 disruptive adj.扰乱性的

  haze n.薄雾 obscure v.使变模糊

  faint adj.微弱的,暗淡的

  注释:

  1. University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) : 大学大气研究社团,于1960年在美国科罗拉多州(Colorad0,缩写为Col0.)的玻尔(Boulder)市成立。该社团是一个由国内外大学组成的非营利性协会,致力于大气周围的空气和气候变化研究。

  2. stargazing : 该词是个合成词,由star和gaze+in9组成,在此意为:观望星星。

  3 making them go off course: 使它们偏离飞行路线。course:路线。

  练习:

  1. When can people see 14,000 stars?

  A) When they have a fairly good telescope.

  B) When they are in a large city.

  C) When the night sky is clear of clouds, moonlight and artificial lights.

  D) When the night sky is without haze and fog.

  2. Which of the following statements is NOT related to light pollution?

  A) A haze of light is formed from artificial lights such as streetlights and building lights.

  B) Lights from different sources in the city stream into space and illuminate the night sky.

  C) The night sky is illuminated by the lights from big glowing cities in the night.

  D) Stargazing becomes difficult because there is a layer of haze in the air.

  3. Does the writer think growing cities affect astronomers' work? Why does he think so?

  A) Yes. Because the once dark rural areas are polluted by lights.

  B) No. Because they can still see stars in rural areas.

  C) Yes. Because rural areas are not a good place for astronomers to study stars.

  D) No. Because faint light given off by stars can still be seen on a clear night.

  4. How does light pollution affect wildlife? Which of the following is NOT correct?

  A) Animals may go off course due to the attraction of artificial lights.

  B) Animals might be attracted by artificial lights to go into cities.

  C) Artificial lights at night may make migrating birds lose their way.

  D) Attracted by artificial lights, birds fly into lighted buildings.

  5. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the title "Light Night, Dark Stars"?

  A) The night sky is light colored and stars are black.

  B) Lights appear at night and stars are seen in the dark.

  C) City lights illuminate the night sky and make stars invisible.

  D) City lights at night illuminate stars in the sky.

  答案与题解:

  1.C 第一段的第一句提供了答案。在没有云,没有月光,没有人造光源的情况下,可以看见14,000颗星星。

  2.D A、B、C所述内容均可在第二段中找到。D所表达的意思不符合原文,因为a layer of

  haze in the air的意思是“空气中有一层薄雾”。

  3.A 答案在第五段中可以找到。随着城市规模的扩大,曾经黑灯瞎火的乡村逐渐变成了市郊,那里的灯火使科学家无法观测到星体发出的微弱光芒。

  4.B 第六段最后三句告诉我们人造光源会误导动物而致使它们迷路,但却没有说会将它们引进城市。

  5.C 题目的意思是:城市灯火通明的夜晚使星星失去光泽。

  特色通关班  480元/门
辅导期一年,考试结束后一周关闭
精品通关班  680元/门
辅导期一年,考试结束后一周关闭
实验通关班  1180元/门
辅导期一年,考试结束后一周关闭
特色无忧班  780元/门
当期考不过,第二年免费学
精品无忧班  1280元/门
当期考不过,第二年免费学
实验无忧班  2080元/门
当期考不过,第二年免费学
综合类  试听    试听    试听  
理工类  试听    试听    试听  
卫生类  试听    试听    试听  
职业培训教育网移动课堂
  • 综合类
  • 理工类
  • 卫生类
超值套餐

特色通关班 480元/门 特色无忧班 780元/门

精品通关班 680元/门 精品无忧班 1280元/门

实验通关班 1180元/门 实验无忧班 2080元/门

  

超值套餐

特色通关班 480元/门 特色无忧班 780元/门

精品通关班 680元/门 精品无忧班 1280元/门

实验通关班 1180元/门 实验无忧班 2080元/门

  

超值套餐

特色通关班 480元/门 特色无忧班 780元/门

精品通关班 680元/门 精品无忧班 1280元/门

实验通关班 1180元/门 实验无忧班 2080元/门

  

版权声明
  1、凡本网注明 “来源:职业培训教育网”的所有作品,版权均属职业培训教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:职业培训教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
  本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、本网站欢迎积极投稿
  4、联系方式:
邮箱:chinatat@chinatat.com
电话:010-82333888