1 It is ridiculous to dispute about such things．
A frightening B shocking
C foolish D amusing
2 It was obvious that she was not going home．
A probable B necessary
C possible D evident
3 He replied that this was absolutely impossible．
A stated B said
C answered D claimed
4 He confesses that he has done it.
A admits B a11eges
C agrees D answers
5 He lacked the strength to deal with al1these problems.
A cope with B talk about
C copy down D think of
6 He purchased a ticket and went up on the top deck.
A took B bought
C showed D made
7 Foreign money can be converted into the local currency at this baak．
A written B reported
C moved D changed
8 He looks like a crazy man．
A mad B patient
C lazy D happy
9 We cannot permit such conduct.
A movement B words
C behavior D principle
10 She started to clean the kitchen.
A stopped B kept
C continued D began
11 John talked over the new job ofier with his wife．
A accepted B mentioned
C discussed D rejected
12 l rarely wear a raraincoat because I spend most of my time in a car.
A seldom B continuously
C normally D usually
13 We explored the possibility of closer trade links at the conference.
A rejected B postponed
C proposed D investigated
14 He often finds fault with my work.
A praises B criticizes
C evaluates D talksabout
15 They agreed to settle the dispute by peaceful means.
A complete B determine
C so1ve D untie
Thanksgiving with the Watsons
People came to America from every country in the world and brought the traditions of their ancestors with them.Thus,most American traditions are not really American.But Thanksgiving (感恩节)is different because it started in America.So it is a truly American tradition.
Life provides many good and bad things，Every year,in November，Thanksgiving Dayreminds us of the good things in 1ife， and pebple are thankful．On this day people usually eat turkey and great quantities of other foods . Jesse has decided to spend Thanksgiving with David and Elizabeth Watson because he likes them,and because he Cannot go to his parents'home in Chicago
Elizabeth's nickname (昵称) is Betty, and people usually call her that.She is the secretary of Jesse's boss.Jesse got to know the Watsons two years ago,and he and Dave have become good friends.Sometimes they go fishing or to a ball game together.
The Watsons live in a small apartment in a suburb of NewYork City．The offices where Betty works are in downtown a NewYork，and she has to take a bus and two subway trains to go to work every day.It take her about one hour to get there．She finds the trip boring and tiring．She wants to stay home in order to take care of the family and enjoy the children．The Watsons have three children．Their daughter Sue is in the fourth grade and their son Paul is in the second grade．They also have a two-year-o1d daughter，Ann.
The children like Jesse;he is their hero.He tells them stories about foreign countries,about Africa and China,about the Pacific and Japan;he has never even seen most of these countries.He knows about fast cars and new inventions.The Watson children think that Jesse is full of adventures;he is fascinating to them . Frequently he takes them to the park and joins them in their games.
Today Jesse brought Sue a record of her favorite music,because she has a new record player.He also brought Paul a toy truck Ann a plastic（塑料）book with bright pictures,and Betty a bunch of flowes,Betty cooked a nice turkey , and they all ate too much.After dinner the children wanted to go out to the park with Jesse.But they had to stay home,because it was raining.Later,Dave and Jesse sat down in front of the TV to watch a football game.
16 Thanksgiving is not a tmly Aruerican tradition.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
17 Thanksgiving Day falls on the 4th Thursday in November．
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
18 The turkey is a most popular food on Thanksgiving Day.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
19 Jesse and his boss are good friends.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
20 Elizabeth enjoys going to work in downtown New Yerk．
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
21 The childten like Jesse because he once traveled arourld the world
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
22 Jesse had a good time in his friends'home.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
1.Amongst the most popular books being wrinen today are those which are usually classified as science fiction．Hundreds of titles are published every year and are read by all kinds of people.Furthermore，some of the most successfu1 films of recent years have been based on science fiction stories.
2.It is often though that science fiction is a fair1y new development in literature，but its ancestors can be found in books wrinen hundreds of years ago.These books wereoften concerned with the presentation of some form of ideal society,a theme which is still often found in modem stories.
3.Most of the classics of science fiction,however ,been written within the last hundred years. Books by writers such as Jules Veme and H.G Wells，to mention just two well-known authors have been translated into many languages.
4．Modem sciece fiction writers don't write about men from Mars(火星)or space adventure stories . They are more interested in predicting the results of technical develonments on society and the human mind；or in imagining future worlds which are a reflection of the world which we 1ive in now . Because of this their writing has obvious poltical undertenes(涵义)．
5．In an age where science fact frequently overtakes(超过)science fiction,the writers may find it difficult to keep ahead of scientific advances.Those who are sufficiently cleat-sighted to see the way we are going,however , may provide a valuable lesson on how to deal with the problems which society will inevitably face as it tries to master its new technology. These who are sufficiently clear-sighted to see the Way we are going，however,may previde a Va1uable 1esson on how to deal with the problems which society will inevitably face as it tries to master its new technology．
A A Fairly New Development
B Classics of Science Fiction
C Difficulty in Keeping ahead of Scientific Advances
D Origins of Science Fiction
E Themes of Modern Science Fiction
F Popularity of Science Fiction
27 Some form of ideal society is .
28 Books wrinen by J.Verne are .
29 People enjoy .
30 Works of modem science fiction have .
A concerned with the problems that we will have to solve in the future
B reading books of sciencafiction
C political implication(涵义)
D a current theme
E read worldwide
F a recurrent(反复出现的)theme
第一篇 The Greatest Show on Earth
The Olympic Games are the gteatest festival of sport in the world.Every hundred or more countries send their best sportsmen to compete for the highest honors in sport. As many as6 ,000 people take part in over 20 sports．For the winilers，there are gold medals and glory. But there is honor ,too，for al1 who compete，win or lose．That is in the spirit of the Olympics-to take part is what matters．
The Olympic Gallies a1ways start in a bright color and action．The teams of all the nations parade in the opening ceremony and march round the track . The custom is for the Greek team to march in first.For it was im Greece that the Olympics began.The team of the country where the Games are beding held-the host country-marches im last.
The runner with the Olympic torch（火柜）then enters the stadium and lighes the flame.A sportsman from the host country takes the Olympic oath(宣誓)on behalf of all the competitors.The judges and officials also take an oath.After the sportsmen march out of the stadium,the host country puts on a wonderful display.
The competitions begin the next day. There are usually more than twenty sports in the Games.The rule is that there must be at least fifteen.The main events are in track and field,but it is a few days before these sports start. Each day the competitors take part in a different sport-riding,shooting,swimming,and cross-country running.Points are gained for each event.Medals are awarded for the individual winners and for national teams.
More and more women are taking part in the games．They first competed in 1900 ,in tennis and go1f，which are no longer held in the Olympics . Women's swimming events were introduced in 1912，But it was not until 1928 that there were any track and field events for they compete in all but half a dozen of the spcrts．In horse riding, shooting，and boat racing,they may compete in the same events as the men．
31 Why is there honor for the losers as well as for the winners?
A Because what really matters is to take part in the Olympic Games.
B Because failure is the mother of success．
C Because losers need encouragement.
D Because losets and winner should be equally treated.
32 Which of the following is along-established practce in the opening ceremony?
A Runners enter the stadium with torches．
B Each team puts on a wonderfu1 display．
C Sportsmen and sportswomen wear magnificent clothes.
D The Gteek team marches in first．
33 Who takes the Olympic oath?
A A sportsman from the host country.
B A judge from a foreign country．
C An officer from the host country．
D A Greek sportsman.
34 What are the most imponant events in the Olympic Games?
A The horse-riding events．
B The track and field events.
C The swimming events．
D The boat-racing events．
35 When did women start taking part in the Olympic Games?
B In 1928．
C In 1900．
D In 1924．
Most supermarkets need a very large floor area，sometimes at least ten times as big as that of an ordinary shop.There are usually two doors,one as an entrance and the other as an exit.The rest of the side facing the street is largely of plate glass,with goods or advertising material displayed.The other three walls are normally decorated in light colours,giving an impression of cleanliness(清洁)and brightness.Most supermarkets are on one floor only, goods being dstored in rooms at the back or upstairs.
At right-angles to the window stretch long structures about six feet high with a number of shelves on each side.Similar shelf units or frozen food containers extend round the walls.Broad aisles(通道)between the shelf units and ample(足够的)space between them and the window and also the far wall allow room for the circulation of many people. Individual commodities(商品)，in tins,bags,boxes or other containers,are stacked(堆放)in groups on the shelves,and each group is labeled with a price ticket.Metal baskets near the dentrance are taken by the shoppers who collect in them the goods they select from the shelves.
Between the shelf units and the window in one half of the shops are a number of small cornters about three feet high.Beside each sits a cashier(现金出纳员),who operates a machine for totaling the cost of each customer's purchases.The customer places the basket at one end of the counter so that it can be emptied by the cashier who records the price of the commodities one by one,before putting each on a moving section of the counter top,The goods are collected and packed into the customer's bag by another assistant at the end of the counter.The cashier finally hands a printed slip recording all prices to the customer, who pays the total,collects the bag and leaves.
36 Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A Most supermarkets have a very large floor area．
B Most supermarkets are on one floor only
C Most supermarkets have a floor area as large as that of an ordinary shop.
D Some supermarkets have a floor area at least ten times as that of an ordinary shop．
37 In most supermarkets goods are stored
A upstairs and in rooms at the back.
B upstairs or in rooms at the back．
C downstairs or in rooms at the back．
D downstairs and in rooms at the back．
38 A supermarket usually has
A lots of rooms for shopper stos in．
B lots of rest rooms for shoppers to use．
C lots of rooms where new varieties of goods are on display .
D ample space for sheppers to move round．
39 Who empties the basket?
A The shopper．
B The customer．
C The cashier．
D The putchaser
40 What does the customer collect before he or she leaves?
A The printed slip
B The bag．
C The metal basket.
D The cash．
第三篇 A Thirsty World
The world is not only hungry,it is also thirsty for water.This may seem strange to you,since nearly 75% of the earth's surface is covered with water.But about 97% of this huge amount is sea-water,or salt water.Man can only drink and use the other 3% -the fresh water that comes from rives, lakes, underground, and other sources.And we cannot even use all of that,because some of it is in the form of icebergs(冰山)and glaciers(冰山).Even worse,some of it has been polluted.
At the moment，this small amount of fresh water is still enough for us . However，our for water is increasing rapidly.Only if we take steps to deal with this problem now can we avoid a severe worldwide water shonage 1ateron．A limited water supply would have a bad effect on agriculture and industry．
In addition to stopping wasting our precious water，one useful step we should dtake is to develop ways of reusing it.Experiments have already been done in this field ,but donly on a small scale.
Today,in most large cities，water is used only once and it eventually returns to the sea or runs into underground storage tanks，But it is possible to pipe water that has been used to a purifying(净化)plant，There it can be filtered (过滤)and treated with chemicals so that it can be used again just as if it were fresh from a spring.
But even if every large city purified and reused its water，we sill would not have enough.Where could we turn next? To the oceans!All we'd have to do to make use of the vast amount of sea-water is - remove the salt.This salt- removing process is already in use in many parts of the world.
So if we dtake all these steps,we'll be in no danger of drying up!
41 The phrase"the world"in the first line of the passage refers to
42 What percentage of the earth's water can man actually use at present?
A Less than 3 per cent.
B Nearly 75 per cent．
C About 97 per cent．
D Exactly3 per cent.
43According to the passage we can avoid a worldwide water shortage in the future by
A increasing rainfall．
B cutting down our consumption of water.
C reusing water and utmzing sea-waterl.
D reducing the number of factories producing steel.
44 Which of the following starements，according to the passage，is NOT true?
A A 1imited water supply will affect industrial production．
B Purified water is not exactly as fresh as spring water.
C Every lagge city purifies and reusesits water.
D Oceans are the largest water source．
45 According to the passage,sea-water can be turned into fresh water by
A heating it up．
B treating it with chemicals.
C drying it up．
D taking salt out of it.
A11children in the United States have to receive an education，but the law does not say they have to be educated at school . A number of parents prefer not to send their children to schoo1． (46)There are about 300，000 home-schoo1ers in the United States today．Some parents prefer teaching their children at home because they do not believe that public schoo1s teach the correct religious values ; others belive they can provide a better educational experience for their children by teaching them at home (47)
David Guterson and his wife teach their three children at home . Guterson says that his children learn very difierently from children in school. (48)For example,when there is heavy snowfall on a winter day, it may start a discussion or reading about climate,snow removal (去除) equipment，A1aska，po1ar bears(北极熊) and winter tourism. A spring evening when the family is out watching the stars is a good time to ask questions about satellites abd the space program (49)
Home schoo1ing is often more interesting than regular schools，but critics home-schoo1ers are outsiders who might be uncomfortable mixing with other people in adult life (50)However most parents don't have the time or the desire to teach their children at home，so schoo1s will continue to bewhere most children get their formal education.
A Critics also say that most parents are not well qualified to teach their children.
B Learning starts with the chilren's interests and questions.
C Children who are educated at home are known as "home-schoolers".
D In some countries,however,children are educated by their parents.
E If the Brazilian rain forests are on the TV news,it could be a perfect time to talk about how rain forests influence the climate,and how deserts are formed.
F Interestingly,results show that home-schooled children quite often do better than average on national tests in reading and math.
The Recreative Furiction of Greenspace Facilities
Greenspace facilmes(设施)are contributing to an important extent to the quality of the urban environment.Fortunately it is (51)longer necessary that every lecture or every book about this subject has to start with the proof of this idea.At present it is (52)accepted,although more as a self-evident statement (53)on the basis of a closely-reasoned scientific proof.The recognition of the importance of greenspaces in the urban environment is the (54)step on the right way;this does not (55) , however, that sufficient details are known about the functions of greenspace in towns and about the way in which the inhabitants(居民)are using these spaces . As to this rather complex subject I shall, within the (56) of this lecture,enter into one aspect only,namely the recreative(供消遣的)function of greenspace facilities.
The theoretical separation of (57),working,traffic and recreation which for many years has been used in town-and-country planning,has in my (58)resulted in disproportionate (不成比例的)attention for forms of recreation far from home,whereas there was relatively (59) attention for improvement of recreative possibilities in the direct neighbourhood of the home,We have (60)to the conclusion that this is not right,because an important part of the time which we do not pass in sleeping or working,is used for (61)at and around home.So it is obvious that recreation in the open (62)has to begin at the dstreet-door of the house.The urban environment has to offer as many recreation activities as (63),and the design of these has to be such that more obligatory(必须做的) activities can also have a recreative aspect.
The very best standard of living is nothing if it is not possible to (64)a pleasant walk in the district,if the children cannot be allowed to play in the streets because the drisks of traffic are too great,if during shopping you can nowhere (65) a spot for enjoying for a moment the nice weather,in short if you only feel yourself at home after the street-door of your house is closed after you.
51 A not B any C no D some
52 A scarcely B generally C rarely D seldom
53 A no B less C then D than
54 A first B second C third D one
55 A mean B utter C speak D produce
56 A scope B region C area D district
57 A lives B life C live D living
58 A lecture B talk C opinion D speech
59 A much B little C lot of D many
60 A reach B arrive C come D derive
61 A walking B running C eating D activities
62 A air B house C home D sky
63 A possible B probable C could D might
64 A make B bring C take D go
65 A find B seek C look for D look