您的位置:职业培训教育网  > 职称英语 > 试题中心 > 每日一练 > 正文

2010职称英语考前每日一练[综合类B级-第32期]

2010-02-04 13:58  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

  阅读判断题

The Industrial Age and Employment

  The industrial age has been the only period of human history in which most people's work has taken the form of jobs. The industrial age may now be coming to an end, and some of the changes in work patterns which it brought about may have. to be reversed. This seems a daunting (大胆的) thought. But, in fact, it could offer the prospect of a better future for work. Universal employment, as its history shows, has not meant economic freedom.

  Employment became widespread when the enclosures of the 17th and 18th centuries made many people dependent on paid work by depriving (剥夺) them of the use of the land, and thus of the means to provide a living for themselves. Then the factory system destroyed the cottage industries and removed work from people's homes. Later, as transport improved, first by rail and then by road, people commuted (乘车往返) longer distances to their places of employment until, eventually, many people's work lost all connection with their home lives and the places in which they lived.

  Meanwhile, employment put women at a disadvantage. In pre-industrial times, men and women had shared the productive work of the household and village community. Now it became customary (惯例的) for the husband to go out to paid employment, leaving the unpaid work of the home and family to his wife. Tax and benefit regulations still assume this norm today, and restrict more flexible sharing of work roles between the sexes.

  It was not only women whose work status suffered. As employment became the dominant form of work, young people and old people Were excluded - a problem now, as more teenagers become frustrated at school and more retired people want to live active lives.

  All this may now have to change. The time has certainly come to switch some efforts and resources away from the utopian (乌托邦的) goal of creating jobs for all, to the urgent practical task of helping many people to manage without full-time jobs.

  16 The established work patterns may be changed with the closing of the industrial age.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  17 Universal employment has brought about economic freedom.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  18 Many people depended on the land for a living before the 17th century.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  19 Improved transport enabled people to travel longer distances to their work places.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  20 Employed women of equal qualifications are paid less than men.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  21 A large number of teenagers will quit school next year.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  22 Now is the time to handle the issue of employment in a practical manner.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  【参考答案

  1. A  2. B  3. A  4. A

  5. C  6. C  7. A

  特色通关班  480元/门
辅导期一年,考试结束后一周关闭
精品通关班  680元/门
辅导期一年,考试结束后一周关闭
实验通关班  1180元/门
辅导期一年,考试结束后一周关闭
特色无忧班  780元/门
当期考不过,第二年免费学
精品无忧班  1280元/门
当期考不过,第二年免费学
实验无忧班  2080元/门
当期考不过,第二年免费学
综合类  试听    试听    试听  
理工类  试听    试听    试听  
卫生类  试听    试听    试听  
职业培训教育网移动课堂
  • 综合类
  • 理工类
  • 卫生类
超值套餐

特色通关班 480元/门 特色无忧班 780元/门

精品通关班 680元/门 精品无忧班 1280元/门

实验通关班 1180元/门 实验无忧班 2080元/门

  

超值套餐

特色通关班 480元/门 特色无忧班 780元/门

精品通关班 680元/门 精品无忧班 1280元/门

实验通关班 1180元/门 实验无忧班 2080元/门

  

超值套餐

特色通关班 480元/门 特色无忧班 780元/门

精品通关班 680元/门 精品无忧班 1280元/门

实验通关班 1180元/门 实验无忧班 2080元/门

  

版权声明
  1、凡本网注明 “来源:职业培训教育网”的所有作品,版权均属职业培训教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:职业培训教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
  本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、本网站欢迎积极投稿
  4、联系方式:
邮箱:chinatat@chinatat.com
电话:010-82333888