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2010职称英语考前每日一练[理工类A级-第35期]

2010-02-04 14:16 来源:  纠错 打印 收藏   

  完形填空题

  Robots May Allow Surgery in Space

  Small robots designed by University of Nebraska researchers may allow doctors on Earth to help perform surgery on patients in space.

  The tiny, wheeled robots, _____(1) are about 3 inches tall and as wide as a lipstick case, can be slipped into small incisions (切口) and computer-controlled by surgeons in different locations. Some robots are _____(2) with cameras and lights and can send images back to surgeons and others have surgical _____(3)attached that can be controlled remotely.

  "We think this is going to _____(4) open surgery," Dr. Dmitry Oleynikov said at a news conference. Oleynikov is a specialist _____(5) computer-assisted surgery at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha.

  Officials hope that NASA will teach _____(6) to use the robots soon enough so that surgeries could one day be performed in space.

  On earth, the surgeons could _____(7) the robots themselves from other locations. For example, the robots could _____(8) surgeons in other places to work on injured soldiers on the front line. Researchers plan to seek federal regulatory (联邦管理局的) _____(9) early next year. Tests on animals have been successful, and tests on humans in England will begin very soon.

  The camera-carrying robots can provide _____(10) of affected areas and the ones with surgical tools will be able to maneuver (操控) inside the body in ways surgeons' hands can't. The views from the camera-carrying robots are better than the naked eye, because they send back color images that are magnified (放大). Because several robots can be _____(11) through one incision, they could reduce the _____(12) and size of cuts needed for surgery, which would_____(13) recovery time. This is particularly helpful to those patients who have been debilitated (使虚弱) by long illness.

  Eventually, Oleynikov said, the tiny robots may enable surgeons to _____(14) without ever placing their hands in patients' bodies. "That's the goal;" 0ieynikov said. "It's getting easier and easier. We can do even more with these_____(15)."

  1 A that B where C since D which

  2 A equipped B carried C brought D taken

  3 A scales B tools C techniques D procedures

  4 A perform B follow C replace D repair

  5 A at B on C with D in

  6 A astronauts B farmers C actors D divers

  7 A develop B control C build D make

  8 A keep B meet C enable D force

  9 A rule B information C fortune D approval

  10 A views B conclusions C solutions D models!

  11 A created B changed C inserted D presented

  12 A amount B pressure C rate D level

  13 A take B decrease C set D waste

  14 A exist B run C drill D work

  15 A plans B ideas C devices D concepts

  【参考答案

  1. D  2. A  3. B  4. C  5. D

  6. A  7. B  8. C  9. D  10. A

  11. C  12. A  13. B  14. D  15. C

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