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2010职称英语考前每日一练[综合类C级-第50期]

2010-02-22 09:57  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

完整试卷版

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
  1 There are a limited number of books on this subject in the library.
    A large                      B total
    C small                     D similar
  2 How do you account for your absence from the class last Thursday?
    A explain                   B examine
    C choose                    D expand
  3 They had a far better yield than any other farm miles around this year.
    A goods                     B soil
    C climate                    D harvest
  4 The town is famous for its magnificent church towers.
    A ancient                   B old
    C modern                    D splendid
  5 Have you got a spare pen?
    A a short                    B an extra
    C a thin                    D a long
  6 What were the consequences of the decision she had made?
    A reasons                   B results
    C causes                    D bases
  7 They didn’t realize how serious the problem was.
    A know                     B forget
    C doubt                    D remember
  8 We shall keep the money in a secure place.
    A clean                     B secret
    C distant                    D safe
  9 The great changes of the city astonished every visitor to that city.
    A attacked                   B surprised
    C attracted                  D interested
  10 The city has decided to do away with all the old buildings in its center.
    A get rid of                   B set up
    C repair                     D paint
  11 Argument among the speakers at the conference is bordering on violence.
    A is close to                 B is beside
    C is next to                 D is alongside
  12 We consume a lot more than we are able to produce.
    A waste                     B buy
    C use                      D sell
  13 She overcame her initial shyness and really enjoyed the evening.
    A coming                   B beginning
    C happening                  D existing
  14 The football team, for the most part, were confident of winning the match.
    A mostly                    B partly
    C only                     D really
  15 I wonder what your aim in life is.
    A attitude                   B symbol
    C goal                      D action
 
  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

A Pay Rise or Not?

  "Unless I get a rise, I'll have a talk with the boss, Henry Manley," George Strong said to himself. George liked his job and he liked the town he lived in, but his wife kept telling him that his pay was not enough to meet the needs of the family. That was why he was thinking of taking a job in Birmingham, a nearby city about 50 miles away. He had been offered a job in a factory there, and the pay was far better.
  George lived in Wyeford, a medium-sized town. He really liked the place and didn't like the idea of moving some where else, but if he took the job in Birmingham, he would have to move his family there.
  Henry manley was the manager of a small company manufacturing electric motors. The company was in deep trouble because, among other reasons, the Japanese were selling such things at very low prices. As a result, Manley had to cut his own prices and profits as well. Otherwise he would not get any orders at all. Even then, orders were still not coming in fast enough, so that there was no money for raises(加工资)for his workers. Somehow, he had to struggle along and keep his best workers as well. He sighed. Just then the phone rang.
  His secretary told him that George Strong wanted to see him as soon as possible. Manley sighed again. He could guess what it was about. George Strong was a very young engineer. The company had no future unless it could attract and keep men like him. Manley rubbed his forehead(前额); his problems seemed endless.
  16 Henry Manley was already deeply indebt.
    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  17 The job that had been offered to George Strong in Birmingham paid better.
    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  18 If George Strong took the job in Birmingham, he would have to leave his family in wyeford.
    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  19 Henry Manley's company was in deep trouble.
    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  20 Henry Manley's company was making enough profits to raise the workers' wages.
    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  21 Henry Manley had no idea at all why George Strong wanted to see him.
    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  22 George Strong was a very creative engineer.
    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
 
  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上.

Travel and Tourism

  1. Remote places with strange-sounding names attract the traveler with promises of excitement, different forms of entertainment, and new kinds of food. The urge to travel is as old as civilization. Hundreds of years age. A young man from Venice named Marco Polo set out with his father for China, and his writings opened the Far East to Europeans of his time.
  2. The modern travel industry is organized to meet every need and desire of the individual traveler. While travel was once an uncertain and dangerous event, it is now an easily planned adventure that has been revolutionized by great improvements in transportation, computer technology and networks of international communication.
  3. The individual traveler is concerned about where to go, how to get there, where to stay, where to eat and what to eat. The travel industry is organized to meet these concerns in a variety of ways; travel agents and tour companies, transport companies, hotel arrangement and restaurant reservation systems and local or national tourism boards.
  4. The age of international travel was revolutionized on Oct. 26, 1958, when Pan American World Airways flew a Boeing 707 jet airplane from New York City to Paris with 123 people on board. Jets cut long-distance air travel time in half. In the following decades, the airline industry expanded greatly and used a variety of airplanes.
  5. Eating out poses few problems for a tourist who speaks the language of the country that he is visiting, but menus in other languages can be confusing and frustrating. It has been suggested that menus be printed in several languages, and restaurants in many major tourist centers now follow this practice.
  23. Paragraph 2 _____.
  24. Paragraph 3 _____.
  25. Paragraph 4 _____.
  26. Paragraph 5 _____.
  27. People like traveling because _____.
  28. Compared with the past, today's traveling _____.
  29 The flying of the Boeing 707 in 1958 marked a new stage for _____.
  30.When you eat out the language problem is _____.
 
  第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面都有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
  第一篇

Football

  Football is, I suppose, the most popular game in England: one has only to go to one of the important matches to see this. Rich and poor, young and old, one can see them all there, shouting and cheering for one side or the other.
  One of the most surprising things about football in England to a stranger is the great knowledge of the game which even the smallest boy seems to have. He can tell you the names of the players in most of the important teams. He has photographs of them and knows the results of a large number of matches. He will tell you, with a great air of authority, who he expects will win such and such a match, and his opinion is usually as valuable as that of men three or four times his age.
  Most schools in England take football seriously - much more seriously than nearly all European schools, where lessons are all-important(至关重要的), and games are left for private arrangements. In England, it is believed that education is not only a matter of filling a boy's mind with facts in a classroom; education also means character training. One of the best ways of training character is by means of games, especially team games, where the boy has to learn to work with others for his team, instead of working selfishly for himself alone. The school therefore arranges games and matches for its pupils. Football is a good team game, it is good exercise for the body, it needs skill and a quick brain, it is popular and it is cheap. As a result, it is the school's favorite game in the winter.
  31 In England football is a game enjoyed
  A only by young people.
  B only by rich people.
  C only by boys.
  D by people of all ages and classes.
  32 A stranger in England will be surprised to find that in that country
  A people have little knowledge of football.
  B girls are more interested in football than boys.
  C even small boys know a lot about football.
  D children are not interested in football at all.
  33 There is a great difference between schools in England and those in Europe in that
  A European schools take football seriously.
  B European schools often arrange football matches for their pupils.
  C schools in England care little about lessons.
  D schools in England believe character training to be part of education.
  34 According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true of the football game?
  A It makes people selfish.
  B It encourages cooperation.
  C It is good for health.
  D It is not expensive.
  35 What is the author's attitude towards the football game in England?
  A Critical.
  B Positive.
  C Negative.
  D Doubtful.
  第二篇

Outside-the-classroom Learning Makes a Big Difference

  Putting a bunch of college students in charge of a $300,000 Dance Marathon, fundraiser surely sounds a bit risky.1 When you consider the fact that the money is supposed to be given to. Children in need of medical care, you might call the idea crazy.
  Most student leaders don't want to spend a large amount of time on something they care little about, said 22-year-old University of Florida student Darren Heitner. He was the Dance Marathon's operations officer for two years.
  Yvonne Fangmeyer, director of the student organization office at the University of Wisconsin, conducted a survey in February of students involved in campus organizations.2 She said the desire for friendship was the most frequently cited reason for joining.
  At large universities like Fangmeyer's, which has more than 40,000 students, the students first of all want to find a way to "belong in their own comer of campus".
  Katie Rowley, a Wisconsin senior, confirms the survey's findings. "I wanted to make the campus feel smaller by joining an organization where I could not only get involved on campus but also find a group of friends."
  All of this talk of friendship, however, does not mean that students aren't thinking about their resumes. "I think that a lot of people do join to 'fatten up their resume'," said Heitner. "At the beginning of my college career, I joined a few of these organizations, hoping to get a start in my leadership roles."
  But without passion student leaders can have a difficult time trying to weather the storms that come. For example, in April, several student organizations at Wisconsin teamed up3 for an event designed to educate students about homelessness and poverty. Student leaders had to face the problem of solving disagreements, moving the event because of rainy weather, and dealing with the university's complicated bureaucracy.
  "Outside-of the classroom learning really makes a big difference," Fangmeyer said.
  36. An extracurricular activity like raising a fund of $300,000 is risky because most student leaders
  A) are lazy.
  B) are stupid.
  C) are not rich enough.
  D) wilt not take an interest in it.
  37. American students join campus organizations mostly for
  A) making a difference.
  B) gaining experience.
  C) building friendship.
  D) improving their resumes.
  38. Who is Katie Rowley?
  A) She's a senior professor.
  B) She's a senior student.
  C) She's a senior official.
  D) She's a senior citizen
  39. What do student leaders need to carry an activity through to a successful end?
  A) Passion.
  B) Money.
  C) Power.
  D) Fame.
  40. The phrasal verb fatten up in paragraph 6 could be best replaced by
  A) invent.
  B) rewrite.
  C) polish.
  D) complete.
  第三篇

Robot

  Robot. It is a word that seems very modern. A word that creates a strong mental picture. A picture of something that looks and acts like a human. Robots are not human, of course. They are machines.
  The word robot, and robots themselves, are less than 100 years old. But humans have been dreaming of real and imaginary copies of themselves for thousands of years. Early people made little human statues out of clay. And they cut wood and stone to look like humans.
  What is the future of robots? The goal of scientists is to create a true human-like robot. Some experts have described this robot of the future as one that can act independently with the physical world through its own sense and actions. Humans have the ability to see, hear, speak and solve problems. Engineers have built robots that have one or two of these abilities. But it takes a number of big expensive computers to make the robots work.
  The biggest problem in creating a human-like robot is copying human intelligence. The way the human mind works is almost impossible to copy. A simple computer can do mathematical problems far beyond the ability of even the smartest human mind. But the human mind is better than a thousand supercomputers at speaking, hearing and problems-solving. Several American and Japanese companies are working to develop the senses of sight and touch for robots. The development of these senses will make robots much more useful.
  However, the most important human ability——the most difficult to copy—— is problem-solving. An intelligent robot must be able to change the way it acts when it faces an unexpected situation. Humans do it al the time. Computers must do it for robots. This means computers must have a huge base of information about many things. They must be able to find quickly the needed information in their systems. And they must make choices about how to act. So far, this is beyond the ability of computers.
  41. According to the passage, however intelligent a robot may be, it
  A. acts as an ordinary machine
  B. is viewed as a modern myth
  C. is regarded as a human being
  D. is nothing but a machine
  42. Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the second paragraph?
  A. Robot does not last long
  B. The early men made toys themselves
  C. Man has a desire to make a copy of himself
  D. The materials for making a copy of man are limited
  43. From the third paragraph, we can know that
  A. there has not been a true human-like robot yet.
  B. computers in the robots are expensive.
  C. robots may do what they are told.
  D. robots have been designed to work independently.
  44. According to the passage, why human intelligence has not been copied in the making of robot?
  A. Computers can only do mathematical problems better than human beings.
  B. Technology is not advanced enough to know how human minds work.
  C. Scientists are satisfied to have the robot with senses of sight and touch.
  D. Robots with human intelligence will be dangerous to human beings.
  45. In order to enable the intelligent robot to deal with an unexpected situation, the computers in it must do the following things EXCEPT
  A. having a large amount of information
  B. making choices about how to act
  C. studying the situation carefully
  D. finding the information quickly
 
  第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Success Stories

  One of the most successful fashion companies in the world is Benetton. The Benetton family opened their first shop in Italy in1968.__________(46)Benetton followed four marketing principles in order to achieve their success.
  The first principle is Consumer Concept. To build a successful business, you have to develop products around things people value, especially quality___________(47) He created clothes to match people's wants: the style is casual; the colors and patterns are bold; and the quality is excellent.
  The system link is another feature of good marketing. For Benetton, this means waiting to get information about what customers like and what they dislike before making the clothes______________(48)
  The Information Link means making sure the company responds quickly to people's demands._________(49) This information is then sent to the main office in Italy. Benetton can use this information to identify popular products and to continue making them; it can also identify less popular products and stop making them.
  A final important marketing principle is the Retail Link. There are Benetton stores in countries around the world. All the stores have the same clothing, the same window displays, and the same approach to sales._________(50)
  The things people like about Benetton stores are that the quality is always high and the prices are generally low. And that spells success.
  A The founder of Benetton began by asking people what they wanted
  B There used to be a good reason for this
  C When something is sold at a Benetton store, the store records information about the type, size, and color of the item.
  D Today, there are Benetton shops in major cities all over the world.
  E This means that customers can go into any Benetton store in the world and be sure of what they are buying.
  F In other words, Benetton's clothes are made to order.
 
  第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Gun Rights in the US

  Immediately after the shooting at Virginia Tech University, Americans gathered to mourn (致哀)the dead. The president and the state governor both hurried there to share the __51__ But the majority of Americans still cling to their right to __52__ weapons.
  Strictly speaking, the US is not the only country __53__ gun violence has destroyed lives, families and communities in everyday circumstance. But the US is one of the __54__ countries that seems unwilling and politically incapable of doing anything serious to stop it.
  In countries like Britain and Canada, the government adopted stricter __55__ control soon after serious gun violence incidents. US leaders, however, are held __56__ by the gun lobby (院外活动集团) and the electoral system.
  The powerful National Rifle Association, the major supporter of gun __57__ in the US, is too strong for any party to take on. Most Republicans oppose gun controls anyway. __58__ the years; the Democrats have found that they can either campaign for gun control or win power, not __59__; they prefer power.
  According to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics, firearm (火器)incidents accounted __60__ nine percent of the 4.7 million violent crimes in 2005. So, although opinion polls show most Americans want stricter gun laws, many don't want to give up their arms they __61__ to protect themselves.
  Dave Hancock, a Virginia gun lover, is one example. In an interview he said. "If one professor in Virginia incident had been carrying a legal weapon they might have been able to __62__ all this." In his opinion, the massacre (大屠杀)is an argument for more people to carry weapons, not fewer.
  But at the root of Americans' clinging to the fight to bear arms is not just a fear of crime, but a mistrust of __63__, commented UK's Guardian newspaper.
  One Virginia resident, who had a permit to carry a concealed firearm, told the Guardian that it was __64__American's responsibility to have a gun.
  "Each person," he said, "should not rely solely __65__ the government for protection."
  51. A) ceremony  B) funeral  C) tears   D) grief
  52. A) make     B) own     C) destroy  D) trade
  53. A) while    B) which   C) where   D) that
  54. A) few     B) some    C) much    D) little
  55. A) rifle    B) knife   C) bullet   D) gun
  56. A) prisoner  B) hostage  C) person   D) home
  57. A) fire     B) attacks  C) rights   D) violence
  58. A) Over     B) Since   C) Till    D) Until
  59. A) both     B) either   C) each    D) one
  60. A) of      B) off     C) for     D) out
  61. A) hide     B) buy     C) sell    D) keep
  62. A) control   B) stop    C) handle   D)treat
  63. A) government B) guards   C) students D) professors
  64. A) many     B) few     C) every   D) all
  65. A) on      B) in     C) at     D) from

  【参考答案】

  第一部分 CADDB BADBA ACBAC

  第二部分 CABAB BC

  第三部分 EDCB ABDF

  第四部分 DCDAB DCBAC BCABC

  第五部分 DAFCE

  第六部分 DBCAD BCAAC DBACA

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