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2010职称英语考前每日一练[卫生类A级-第30期]

2010-01-22 11:19 来源:  纠错 打印 收藏   

  第六部分的完形填空

Study Confirms Red Meat Link with Bowed (结肠) Cancer

  People who eat more than 160 grams of red or processed meat a day are 35 percent more likely to develop bowel cancer than those who ear less _____(51) 20 grams a day, according to one of the biggest nutrition investigations ever carried out.
  The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition followed 478,040 men and women _____(52)35 to 70 from 10 European countries.
  All subjects were free of cancer at enrollment between 1992 and 1998, but _____(53) an average follow-up of almost 5 years 1,329 bowel cancers had been reported.
  The subsequent analysis, published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, confirms the long-held suspicion _____(54) high intakes(纳入量) of red meat are associated with increased bowel _____(55) risk.
  After taking into consideration factors like age, sex, height, weight, energy intake physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption, the investigators found that bowel cancer was _____(56) with intake of red and processed meat but not chicken.
  Risk of bowel cancer dropped with increasing intake of fish. Eating more than 80 grams a day of fish was associated _____(57) a 31 percent reduction in risk compared with eating less than 10 grams a _____(58)
  Subjects with high red meat and low fish intake were at 63 percent higher' risk of bowel cancer compared with subjects with low red meat and high fish _____(59). In addition, the risk of developing the disease was increased for _____(60) people who ate a low fibre diet.
  Sheila Bingham, study investigator at the UK's Medical Research Council nutrition unit, said: "People have suspected for some time that high levels of red and processed meat _____(61) risk of bowel cancer, but this is one of the largest studies worldwide and the first from Europe of this type to show a _____(62) relationship."
  She added in a statement: 'q-he overall picture is very consistent for red and
  processed meat and fibre across all the _____(63) populations studied."
  Study coordinator, Elio Riboli, of the World Health Organisation International Agency for Research into Cancer, said: "Other risk factors for _____(64) cancer include obesity (肥胖) and lack of physical activity. Smoking and excess alcohol may also play a _____(65). These factors were all taken into account in the analysis."
 
  51 A from    B than     C between   D among
  52 A aging   B years    C aged     D ranging
  53 A before   B after    C since     D when
  54 A that    B which    C whether   D why
  55 A illness  B cancer   C problem   D death
  56 A presented B selected  C contrasted D associated
  57 A with    B into     C for      D against
  58 A month   B year     C day      D week
  59 A habit   B experience C harvest   D intake
  60 A these   B much     C those     D that
  61 A increase B lower    C meet     D show
  62 A strong   B poor     C weak     D casual
  63 A Asian   B American  C European   D African
  64 A new     B organ    C fatal     D bowel
  65 A factor   B role     C risk     D chance
  参考答案:51. B  52. C  53. B  54. A  55. B 56. D  57. A  58. C  59. D  60. C 61. A  62. A  63. C  64. D  65. B

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