Not all sleep is the same every night. We experience some deep, quiet sleep and some active sleep, which is when dreams happen. You might think sleepwalking would happen during active sleep, but a person isn't physically active during active sleep. Sleepwalking usually happens in the first few hours of sleep in the stage called slow-wave or deep sleep.
Not all sleepwalkers actually walk. Some simply sit up or stand in bed or act like they're awake when in fact, they're asleep! Most, however, do get up and move around for a few seconds or for as long as half an hour.
Sleepwalkers' eyes are open, but they don't see the same way they do when they're awake and often think they're in different rooms of the house or different places altogether'. Sleepwalkers tend to go back to bed on their own and they won't remember it in the morning.
Researchers estimate that about 15% of kids sleepwalk regularly. Sleepwalking may run in families （在家族中世代相传） and sometimes occurs when a person is sick, has a fever, is not getting enough sleep, or is stressed （紧张）.
If sleepwalking occurs frequently, every night or so, it's a good idea for your mom or dad to take you to see your doctor. But occasional sleepwalking generally isn't something to worry about, although it may look funny or even scary （骇人的） for the people who see a sleepwalker in action.
Although occasional sleepwalking isn't a big deal, it's important, of course, that the person is kept safe. Precautions （预防措施） should be taken so the person is less likely to fall down, run into something, or walk out the front door while sleepwalking.
1 When does sleepwalking usually occur?
A During deep sleep.
B During active sleep.
C In the daytime.
D In the early morning.
2 What most sleepwalkers do is
A simply sit up.
B simply stand in bed.
C get up and walk for hours
D get up and walk for some time
3 Sleepwalkers usually go back to bed
A after waking up.
B after being woken up.
C by themselves.
D with the help of others.
4 You'd better go and see a doctor if you
A see a sleepwalker in action.
B never sleepwalk.
C sleepwalk occasionally.
D sleepwalk frequently.
5 Measures should be taken to
A prevent people from sleepwalking.
B keep sleepwalkers safe.
C avoid running into sleepwalkers.
D help people sleep well.
Too Late to Regret It
When I was a junior, I met a second-year student in my department. He wasn't tall or good-looking, but he was very nice, attractive and athletic. He had something that I admired very much. He was natural, warm, and sincere.
I disregarded （不顾） my parents' disapproval. We were very happy together. He picked me up from my dorm every morning, and after class we would sit alongside the stream that ran through campus, or sunbathe （晒太阳） on the lawn. At night he would walk me back to my dorm. He came from a poor family, but in order to make me happy, he borrowed money from his friend to buy presents and meals for me. Our fellow students looked up to him as a role model, and the girls envied （妒忌） me. He wasn't a local, but wanted to stay here after graduation. I thought we had a future together.
However, when I got a part-time job during the summer vacation, people began giving me a lot of pressure, saying that a pretty, intelligent girl like me should find a better guy to spend time with. This was also what my family thought. He spent the summer in his hometown, so I was all by myself. When he got back, I began finding fault with him. But his big heart and warmth soon drove all unpleasant thoughts away. However, I had no idea how badly I had hurt him and that things would get worse.
I had a good part-time job off campus that paid pretty well. With my good performance at school, I also got admission to graduate school at one of China's best universities. He, on the other hand, did not do so well at school or at work. I had to worry about his living expenses, job and scores.
Almost all my colleagues and friends advised me to break up with him. Then we had a quarrel last June. He was in great pain, and my cold words and bad moods started turning him away.
Graduation time was drawing near, and he said he wanted to go back to his hometown. He said that he couldn't put up with me anymore. I was shocked and looked at him in despair.
True love happens only once, but I found it out too late.
6 When did the author fall in love with the boy?
A After she had a quarrel with him.
B When she was a junior.
C When she was a second-year student.
D After she found a part-time job.
7 What did he do to make her happy?
A He studied much harder.
B He often took her for a ride.
C He always endured her insults.
D He often bought her presents and meals.
8 Who advised her to break up with him?
A His parents.
B Her teachers.
C Her colleagues and friends.
D Their fellow students.
9 Why did he leave her?
A Because he could no longer bear her.
B Because he hated her.
C Because his parents needed taking care of.
D Because he wasn't a local.
10 Upon learning that he would leave her, she was
A very happy.
B extremely joyful.
C quite relieved.
D in great pain.
Happy Therapy （诊疗）
Norman Cousins was a businessman from the United States who often traveled around the world on business. He enjoyed his work and traveling.
Then, after returning to tile United States from a busy and tiring trip to Russia, Mr. Cousins got sick. Because he had pushed his body to the limit of its strength on the trip, a chemical change began to take place inside him. The material between his bones became weak.
In less than one week after his return, he could not stand. Every move that he made was painful. He was not able to sleep at night.
The doctors told Mr. Cousins that they did not know how to cure his problems and he might never get over the illness. Mr. Cousins, however, refused to give up hope.
Mr. Cousins thought that unhappy thoughts were causing bad chemical changes in his body. He did not want to take medicine to cure himself. Instead, he felt that happy thoughts or laughter might cure his illness.
He began to experiment on himself while still in the hospital by watching funny shows on television. Mr. Cousins quickly found that ten minutes of real laughter during the day gave him two hours of pain-free sleep at night.
Deciding that the doctors could not help him, Mr. Cousins left the hospital and checked into a hotel room where he could continue his experiments with laughter. For eight days, Mr. Cousins rested in the hotel room watching funny shows on television, reading funny books, and sleeping whenever he felt tired. Within three weeks, he felt well enough to take a vacation to Puerto Rico where he began running on the beach for exercise.
After a few months, Mr. Cousins returned to work He had laughed himself back to health.
11 Mr. Cousins got sick after returning from
A a busy trip to the US.
B a tiring trip to Russia.
C a trip around the world.
D a trip to Puerto Rico.
12 How did the doctors respond to Mr. Cousins' illness?
A They promised to cure him.
B They didn't think he was really sick.
C They told him not to give up hope.
D They said they were unable to help him in any way.
13 Mr. Cousins attributed the bad chemical changes in his body to
A unhappy thoughts.
B a severe illness.
C weak bones.
D too much sleep.
14 What didn't Mr. Cousins do in his experiments with laughter?
A Watch funny TV shows.
B Read funny books.
C Sleep whenever he felt tired.
D Take medicine.
15 Mr. Cousins cured his own illness
A by laughing at others.
B by acting in funny shows.
C by taking a happy therapy.
D by writing funny stories.
1. A 2. D 3. C 4. D 5. B
6. B 7. D 8. C 9. A 10. D
11. B 12. D 13. A 14. D 15. C