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2010年报关员考试备考:报关常用词组

2010-07-19 10:30 【 】【我要纠错】  来源:

  [导读]2010年报关员考试预计11月7日举行。本文为“2010年报关员考试备考:报关常用词组详解”,以供广大学员复习使用!更多有关报关员考试资料请访问人事考试教育网报关员频道。

  一、外贸单词、词组

  (一)外贸术语

  出口信贷export credit

  出口津贴export subsidy

  商品倾销dumping

  外汇倾销exchange dumping

  保税仓库 bonded warehouse

  贸易顺差favorable balance of trade

  贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade

  进口配额制import quotas

  自由贸易区free trade zone

  对外贸易值value of foreign trade

  国际贸易值 value of international trade

  普遍优惠制generalized system of preferences

  最惠国待遇most-favored nation treatment(MFNT)

  外贸单词、词组

  (二)价格条件

  价格术语trade term(price term)

  运费freight

  码头费 whargage

  卸货费landing charges

  金额amount

  关税customs duty

  净价net price

  印花税stamp duty

  拥价price including commission

  港务费port dues

  回拥return commission

  扣discount,allowance

  批发价wholesale price

  售价retail price

  进口许可证import licence

  现货价格spot price

  出口许可证export licence

  期货价格forward price

  现行价格current price, prevailing price

  国际市场价格world (international)market price

  离岸价格 FOB(free on board)

  成本价运费价(离岸加运费价)C&F/CNF

  到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF(cost, insurance and freight)

  外贸单词、词组

  (三)品质条件

  品质 quality

  规格specifications

  说明description

  标准standard type

  商品目录 catalogue

  宣传小册pamphlet

  货号 article NO.

  样品sample

  代表性样品representative sample

  大路货(良好平均品质)fair avarge quality

  原样original sample

  复样duplicate sample

  对等样品countersample

  参考样品reference sample

  封样sealed sample

  公差tolerance

  花色(搭配assortment 5%

  增减 5%more or less

  (四)

  个数number

  容积capacity

  体积 volume

  毛重gross weight

  溢短装条款more or less clause

  净重net weight

  毛作净gross for net

  皮重tare

  外贸单词、词组

  (六)交易磋商、合同签订 订单

  indent

  订货、定购book;booking

  电复cable reply

  实盘firm offer

  递盘bid;bidding

  递实盘bid firm

  还盘 counter offer

  发盘(发价)offer

  发实盘 offer firm

  询盘(询价)inquiry; enquiry

  指示性价格 price indication

  速复reply immediately

  参考价reference price

  习惯做法usual practice

  交易磋商business negotiation

  不受约束without engagement

  业务洽谈 business discussion

  限**复subject to reply**

  限**复到subject to reply reaching here **

  有效期限time of validity

  有效至** valid till ** 购

  货合同purchase contract

  销售合同 sales contract

  购货确认书purchase confirmation

  销售确认书sales confirmation

  一般交易条件general terms and conditions

  以未出售未准subject to prior sale

  需经卖方确认subject to seller‘s confirmation

  需经我方最后确认subject to our final confirmation

  (七)贸易方式

  拍卖 auction

  寄售consignment

  招标invitation of tender

  投标submission of tender

  一般agent

  总代理人general agent

  代理协议agency agreement

  累计佣金accumulative commission

  补偿贸易compensation trade

  或低偿贸易compesnsating/compensatory trade

  来料加工processing on giving materials

  来料装配assembling on provided parts

  独家经营/专营权exclusive right

  独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement

  独家代理sole agency ; sole agent ; exclusive agency ; exclusive agent

  (八)商检仲裁

  索赔claim

  罚金条款penalty

  不可抗力force Majeure

  产地证明书certificate of origin

  品质检验证书inspection certificate of quanlity

  重量检验证书inspection certificate of weight

  商品检验局commodity inspection bureau(C.B.I.)

  品质、重量检验证书inspection certificate

  争议disputes

  仲裁arbitration

  仲裁庭arbitral tribunal

  (九)外汇

  外汇foreign exchange

  外币foreign currency

  汇率rate of exchange

  国际收支balance of payments

  直接标价direct quotation

  间接标价indirect quotation

  买入汇率buying rate

  卖出汇率selling rate

  金本位制度gold standard

  铸币平价mint par

  国际货币基金international monetary fund

  法定贬值devaluation

  法定升值revaluation

  浮动汇率floating rate

  硬通货hard currency

  软通货soft currency

  金平价 gold standard

  通货膨胀inflation

  固定汇率fixed rate

  黄金输送点gold points

  纸币制度 paper money system

  黄金外汇储备gold and foreign exchange reserve

  汇率波动的官定上下限official upper and lower limits of fluctuation

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