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2013年报关员考试报关英语复习资料:报关员常用英语词汇

 职业培训教育网 2013-08-06 17:15 【 】【我要纠错

  编者按:2013年报关员考试将于11月3日举行,为了帮助考生更好地复习备考2013年报关员考试,职业培训教育网小编整理了报关员考试报关英语复习资料,以供大家学习,希望对大家有所帮助,预祝大家考试顺利!

外贸单词、词组

(一)外贸术语

出口信贷export credit

出口津贴export subsidy

商品倾销dumping

外汇倾销exchange dumping

保税仓库 bonded warehouse

贸易顺差favorable balance of trade

贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade

进口配额制import quotas

自由贸易区free trade zone

对外贸易值value of foreign trade

国际贸易值 value of international trade

普遍优惠制generalized system of preferences

最惠国待遇most-favored nation treatment(MFNT)

(二)价格条件

价格术语trade term(price term)

运费freight

码头费 whargage

卸货费landing charges

金额amount

关税customs duty

净价net price

印花税stamp duty

拥价price including commission

港务费port dues

回拥return commission

扣discount,allowance

批发价wholesale price

售价retail price

进口许可证import licence

现货价格spot price

出口许可证export licence

期货价格forward price

现行价格current price, prevailing price

国际市场价格world (international)market price

离岸价格 FOB(free on board)

成本价运费价(离岸加运费价)C

到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF(cost, insurance and freight)

(三)品质条件

品质 quality

规格specifications

说明description

标准standard type

商品目录 catalogue

宣传小册pamphlet

货号 article NO.

样品sample

代表性样品representative sample

大路货(良好平均品质)fair avarge quality

原样original sample

复样duplicate sample

对等样品countersample

参考样品reference sample

封样sealed sample

公差tolerance

花色(搭配assortment 5%

增减 5%more or less

(四)

个数number

容积capacity

体积 volume

毛重gross weight

溢短装条款more or less clause

净重net weight

毛作净gross for net

皮重tare

(五)交货条件

轮船steamship

船charter(the chartered ship)

交货时间time of delivery

程租船voyage charter

装运期限time of shipment

定期租船time charter

托运人(一般指出口商)shipper, consignor

收货人consignee

班轮shipping liner

驳船lighter

舱位shipping space

油轮tanker

报关/清关clearance of customs

货物收据cargo receipt

提货to take delivery of goods

空运提单airway bill

正本提单original B/L

选择港(任意港)optional port

选港费optional charges

选港费由买方负担optional charge to be borne by the Buyers

或 optional charges for Buyers‘ account

(六)交易磋商、合同签订

订单indent

订货、定购book;booking

电复cable reply

实盘firm offer

递盘bid;bidding

递实盘bid firm

还盘 counter offer

发盘(发价)offer

发实盘 offer firm

询盘(询价)inquiry; enquiry

指示性价格 price indication

速复reply immediately

参考价reference price

习惯做法usual practice

交易磋商business negotiation

不受约束without engagement

业务洽谈 business discussion

限**复subject to reply**

限**复到subject to reply reaching here **

有效期限time of validity

有效至** valid till ** 购

货合同purchase contract

销售合同 sales contract

购货确认书purchase confirmation

销售确认书sales confirmation

一般交易条件general terms and conditions

以未出售未准subject to prior sale

需经卖方确认subject to seller‘s confirmation

需经我方最后确认subject to our final confirmation

(七)贸易方式

拍卖 auction

寄售consignment

招标invitation of tender

投标submission of tender

一般agent

总代理人general agent

代理协议agency agreement

累计佣金accumulative commission

补偿贸易compensation trade

或低偿贸易compesnsating/compensatory trade

来料加工processing on giving materials

来料装配assembling on provided parts

独家经营/专营权exclusive right

独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement

独家代理sole agency ; sole agent ; exclusive agency ; exclusive agent

(八)商检仲裁

索赔claim

罚金条款penalty

不可抗力force Majeure

产地证明书certificate of origin

品质检验证书inspection certificate of quanlity

重量检验证书inspection certificate of weight

商品检验局commodity inspection bureau(C.B.I.)

品质、重量检验证书inspection certificate

争议disputes

仲裁arbitration

仲裁庭arbitral tribunal

(九)外汇

外汇foreign exchange

外币foreign currency

汇率rate of exchange

国际收支balance of payments

直接标价direct quotation

间接标价indirect quotation

买入汇率buying rate

卖出汇率selling rate

金本位制度gold standard

铸币平价mint par

国际货币基金international monetary fund

法定贬值devaluation

法定升值revaluation

浮动汇率floating rate

硬通货hard currency

软通货soft currency

金平价 gold standard

通货膨胀inflation

固定汇率fixed rate

黄金输送点gold points

纸币制度 paper money system

黄金外汇储备gold and foreign exchange reserve

汇率波动的官定上下限official upper and lower limits of fluctuation

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