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职称英语考试学习笔记(七)

2005-11-21 00:00  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

  第七讲: 阅读理解练习

  下面有5篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题,每个问题都有4个备选答案。请仔细阅读短文,并根据短文回答后面的问题,从事个备选答案中选择一个最佳答案。

  第一篇

  A Strange Flight

  We were late as usual. My husband had insisted on watering the flowers in the garden by himself, and when he discovered that he couldn‘t manage, he asked me for help at the last moment. So now we had an hour to get to the airport. Luckily, there were not many cars or buses on the road and we were able to get there just in time. We checked in and went straight to a big hall to wait for flight to be called. We waited and waited, but no announcement was made. We asked for information and the girl there told us that the plane hadn’t even arrived yet. In the end, there was another announcement telling us that passengers waiting for Flight LJ108 could get a free meal voucher (凭单) and that the plane hadn‘t left Spain for technical problems. We thought that meant that if wasn’t safe for the plane to fly. We waited again for a long time until late evening when we were asked to report again. This time we were given vouchers to spend the night in a nearby hotel.

  The next morning after a bad night because of all the planes taking off and landing, we were reported back to the airport. Guess what had happened while we were asleep! Our plane had arrived and taken off again. All the other passengers had been forgotten. You can imagine how we felt!

  1. The plane the writer and her husband would take

  A came from Spain B passed by Spain C was going to Spain D had gone to Spain

  2. The plane was delayed

  A bye the bad weather. B by the passengers. C because of many cars on road

  D because something was wrong with the machine.

  3. They were in a big hall, waiting for

  A the girl to give them information. B their flight to be announced.

  C the free meal voucher. D other

  passengers to arrive.

  4. The passengers were given a free meal because

  A they arrived at the airport early. B they hadn‘t had a meal yet.

  C they had no money with them. D their plane was delayed.

  5. The plane took off again

  A as soon as it had arrived. B after all the passengers were woken up.

  C while the passengers were sleeping D early the next morning.

  第二篇

  Hair Care

  Whether the hair is long or short, it must be regularly brushed (梳)and regularly washed. For greasy (油性的) hair, especially if the owner lives in a town, it may be necessary to wash the head every four to five days. Those with a dry hair can usually go a little longer, but this is a matter for the individual to decide.

  If a woman is not able to go to hairdresser very often, it is important that she chooses a style she can easily manage for herself, and this nearly always means that the first cut must be very standard. The same applies to permanent (永久的)waving. I delay, this should be carried out three or four times a year, so that the hair never gets out of hand.

  One thing would be remembered though, that is, whatever you apply to the head can have some effect upon the skin and therefore anything strong should be used with care. Or you may use milder products. As for style, this must be studied according to what is the latest fashion and also to suit the individual at different times of her life.

  Young people who has spots or skin troubles on their face, should take particular care to ensure that the hair is both clean and does not come into contact with the affected piece of skin. Hair is very difficult to keep completely clean and therefore anyone running their hands through their hair and afterwards touching their face, or letting their hair fall over their faces, might spread infection from one place to another. Good hair does a lot to the effect of a face, so if you want to look charming, please start with your hair.

  6. According to the text, the most basic thing to do in hair care is

  A to go to hairdressers very often B to choose milder products for the hair.

  C to wash and brush the hair regularly. D to keep the hair away from the skin trouble

  7. The best hair style can be achieved by

  A having the hair done three or four times a year.

  B following the latest fashion to suit one‘s age.

  C not combing the hair with hand.

  D not applying anything strong to the head.

  8. The thing you wash your hair with must be

  A used with care. B very strong. C extremely mild. D fashionable

  9. To prevent the hair from infecting the skin, we‘d better

  A keep the hair completely clean.

  B wash the hair very often.

  C have hair cut four times a year.

  D avoid combing the hair with our hands.

  10. “Those with a dry hair can usually go a little longer” means if your hair is dry

  A you can walk linger. B your hair can grow longer.

  C you don‘t have to wash it so often. D you can grow taller.

  第八讲:阅读理解练习

  第三篇

  The Gene Industry

  Major companies are already in pursuit of commercial applications of the new biology .They dream of placing nxymse(酶)in the automobile to monitor exhaust nad send data om pollution to a microprocessor that will then adjust the engine .they speak of what the New York Time calls“metal-hungry microbse(微生物)that might be used to mine valuable trace metals from ocean water”。They have already demanded and won the right to patent new liteforms .

  Nervous critics,including many scientists,worry that there if corporate,national,international,and inter-scientific rivalry in the entire biotechnological field.They create images not of oil spills(溢出),but of “microbe spills” that could spread disease and destroy entire populations,The creation and accidental release of extremely poisonous microbes,however,if only one cause for alarm.Completely rational and respectable scientists are talking about possibilities that stagger the imagination.

  Should we breed people with cow-like stomachs so they can digest grass and hay ,thereby relieving the food problem by modifying us to eat lower down on the fod chain? should we biologically alter workers to fit the job requierement,for example,creating pilots with faster reaction times or assemblyline workers designed to do our monotonous work for us ?Should we attempt to eliminate“inferior”people and breed a “super-race”?(Hitler tried this ,but without the genetic weaponry that may soom issue form our fighiting?Should we use genetic forecasting to preeliminate “unfit” babies?Should we grow reserve organs for ourselves ,each of us having,as it were ,a “savings bank ” full of spare kidney ,livers ,or hands?

  Wild as thses notions may sound,every one has itd advocates (and opposers) in the scientific community as well as its striking commercial application.As two critics of genetic engineering, Jeremy Rifkin and Ted Howard,state in their book Who Should Play God ? “Broad scale genetic engineering will probably be introduced to America much the same way sa assembly lines ,automobiles,vaccines, computers and all the other technologies. As each new genetic advance b***mes commercially practical, a new consumer need will be exploitde and a market for the new technology will be created.”

  11. According to the passage, the new biology could potentially solve the pollution problem of automobiles by

  A using metal-bungry microbes.

  B making of enzymes.

  C adjusting the engines.

  D patenting new lifeforms .

  12. According to the passage, which of the following would most probably worry the critics of the following would most probably worry the critics of the new biology?

  A The microbes in the ocean warter.

  B The creation and application of biological solar cells

  C The accidental oil spills.

  D The unexpected release of destructive micrbes.

  13. Which of the following possibilities of the biotechnological applications is NOT mentioned in the third paragraph?

  A Developing a savings bank of one“s orangs.

  B Breeding soldiers for a war .

  C Producing people with cow-like stomachs.

  D Using genetic forecasting to curt diseases.

  14. According to the passage,Hitler had attempted to

  A biologically change the pilots to win the war .

  B develop genetic farming for increasing the food supply .

  C kill the people he thought of as being inferior.

  D encourage the development of genetic weapons for the war.

  15. What is the implication of the sratement of Jeremy Rifkin and Ted Howard?

  A The commercial applications of genetic engineering are inevitable.

  B Large-scale genetic engineering has occurred in the Untied States.

  C Americans are proud of their computers,automobiles and genetic technologies.

  D The potential application of each new genetic advance should be controlled.

  第四篇

  Perfect Competition

  Perfect competition exists in an industry that contains many relatively samll firms producing identical products.The most importhant characteristic(特征) of a perfectly competitive industry if that no single firm has any control over prices.This important characteristic follows from two assumptions(假设)。First, a competitive industry is composed of many firms, each being very samll relative to the size of the industry .S***nd ,every firm in a perfectly competitive industry producse exactly the same product.

  Firms in perfectly competitive industries do not differentiate(区分) their products, nor do they make decisions about price.Rather,each firm takes prices as given-that is ,as determined in the market by the laws of supply and demand -and decides olny how much to produce and how to produce it.Given the availability(可得性) of perfect substitutes, any product priced over the market price will not be sold .

  In perfect

  competition we also assume that firms can freely enter and exit the industry.The assumption of free entry implies that if firms in an industry are earning excessively high profits,new firms that seek to do the same thing are likely to spring up.Fast food restaurants are quick to spring up when a new shopping center opens.Where profit opportunities present themselves, we assume that firms sill enter and compete for them.

  Free exit is possible when firms can simply stop producing their products and leave a market .Generally speaking,a firm closes dowm because it is suffering losses or because profits are insufficient .New England textile and furniture products found themselves facing increasing foreign competition, as well as lower production costs in the South .While some firms packed up and moved ,others simply got out of the business altogether.

  16. Which of the following is not a feature of perfect competition according to the passage?

  A The firms involved are small compared to the size of the industry.

  B The firms involved produce goods of the same kind .

  C The size of the industry is ususlly very samll.

  D The price of the products is deterimned by the market.

  17. In a perfectly competitive industry ,the price is decided by

  A some leading firms in this business.

  B the rules of supply and demand.

  C an association of the business.

  D the central government.

  18. If a firm sells its products at a price higher than that of the market ,consumers will

  A buy goods of the same kind produced by other companies.

  B stop buying this type of products altogether.

  C use anlther type of goods as substitutes.

  D continue to buy its products becausr of their good quality.

  19. In the third paragraph,the author mentions“fast food restaurants”to show

  A the rapid emergence of new industries in down town areas.

  B the prosperity of service indusries in backward countries .

  C people“s enthusiasm for shopping .

  D businessmen“s interest in high -profit industries.

  20. What is the most important reason for a company to quit a business?

  A Some other firms are making more money .

  B There is too much competition in this industry .

  C It is not making adequate profit .

  D Foreign products have got control of the market.

  第五篇

  At War with a Giant

  The nultinatonal corporation McDonald“s,which has a global empire of about 14,000 restaurants in 70 conutries and makes over 6 billion pounds a year, is in the process of suing two penniless and unemployed British environmental activists (活动分子)。It is accusing David Morris,a former postman ,and Helen Steel ,a former gardener ,of distributing a leaflet in the 80s that is highly critical of the company”s environmental r***r ,the treatment of its workers and the nutritional quality of its food.McDonald“s denies all the allegations(断言)。

  When McDonald“s launched its first attack on the couple in 1990,it probably expected them to back down .But they did not .For Morris and Steel the trial is an opportunity to broadcast their allegations against McDonald”s to the world .And they have nothing to lose .They have no money or property ,so that even if McDonald “s does win ,the hamburger shain will not be able to r***ver any of the costs of the case from the rwo activists.The trial was originally scheduled to last three wddks but it celebrated its first year in June 1995 and is expected to go on until at least January 1996.

  Helen Steel explained why they took on this battle against the corporation giant :“We felt that really we had no option but to fight this case .It”s important to defend freedom of speech and the prblic“s right to criticize the business practices of huge multinational companies.” The couple is helped by Dan Mills ,a former lawyer ,who says :“we are getting support from all round the country and all round the world.People are sending in letters and message of support .And also we are getting donations form people all over the world.”

  There is still no end in sight for the trial .If Steel and Morris win ,the reputationof McDonald“s may never be the same again.

  21. Themultinational corporatiom McDonald“s sued the British couple because.

  A McDonald“s considered that none of the allegations they made was real.

  B They had a bad environmental r***rd although they were envirommental activists.

  C They always violated the disciplines of McDonald“s.

  D McDonald“s considered that their distribution of a leaflet was illegal.

  22. The main reason that the couple looked forward to the trial to be held was that they

  A expected to earn some money from the trial.

  B wanted to expose some illegal actions of McDonald“s.

  C wanted to be knowm in the world .

  D were not afraid of losinthe case.

  23. According to the passage,which of the following statements concering the duration of the trial is true?

  A The trial lasted three weeks in 1995.

  B The trial was held in January 1996.

  C It was possible for the trial to last form June 1995to at least January 1996.

  D There was a plan which demanded that the trial be finished before 1996.

  24. Why did the couple persist in fighting McDonald“s?

  A A forms lawyer and a lot of pilple supported them.

  B The people around the world gave them a lot of money.

  C They held that they had right to say whatever they liked.

  D They believed that it was important to defend freedom of speech.

  25. Which of the following statements best describes the last paragraph?

  A The trial hsa ended and the couple have won .

  B Although the trial is still on,McDonald“s has lost.

  C The reputation of McDonald“s will be down if it is defeated.

  D McDonald“s is hundred percent sure to lose the case.

  参考答案:

  1 A 2 D 3 B 4 D 5 C 6 C 7 B 8 A 9 D 10 C 11 B 12 D 13 D 14 C 15 A 16 C 17 B 18 A 19 D 20 C 21A 22 B 23 C 24 D 25 C

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