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2003年职称英语综合C考试试题

2005-10-13 00:00  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

     第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

    下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    1 I am not certain whether he will come.

    A determined B sure C sorry D glad

    2 She seemed to have detected some anger in his voice.

    A noticed B heard C realized D got

    3 Please do not hesitate to call me if I can be of further assistance.

    A contact B see C help D touch

    4 In short, I am going to live there myself.

    A In other words B That is to say C In a word D To be frank

    5 He has trouble understanding that other people judge him by his social skills and conduct.

    A style B behavior C mode D attitude

    6 I had some difficulty in carrying out the plan.

    A making B keeping C changing D implementing

    7 Mr.Johnson evidently regarded this as a great joke.

    A readily B casually C obviously D simply

    8 We all think that Mary’s husband is a very boring person.

    A shy B stupid C dull D selfish

    9 The workers in that factory manufacture furniture.

    A promote B paint C produce D polish

    10 They only have a limited amount of time to get their points across.

    A large B total C small D similar

    11 The high-speed trains can have a major impact on travel preferences

    A force B total C small D similar

    12 Can you follow the plot?

    A change B investigate C write D understand

    13 Even in a highly modernized country, manual work is still needed.

    A physical B mental C natural D hard

    14 In the latter case the outcome can be serious indeed.

    A result B judgment C decision D event

    15 Norman Blamey is an artist of deep convictions.

    A statements B beliefs C suggestions D claims

    第2部分: 阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

    A Pay Rise or Not?

    “Unless I get a rise, I’ll have a talk with the boss, Henry Manley,” George Strong said to himself. George liked his job and he liked the town he lived in, but his wife kept telling him that his pay was not enough to meet the needs of the family. That was why he was thinking of taking a job in Birmingham, a nearby city about 50 miles away. He had been offered a job in a factory there, and the pay was far better.

    George lived in Wyeford, a medium-sized town. He really liked the place and didn’t like the idea of moving somewhere else, but if he took the job in Birmingham, he would have to move his family there.

    Henry manley was the manager of a small company manufacturing electric motors. The company was in deep trouble because, among other reasons, the Japanese were selling such things at very low prices. As a result, Manley had to cut his own prices and profits as well. Otherwise he would not get any orders at all. Even then, orders were still not coming in fast enough, so that there was no money for raises(加工资)for his workers. Somehow, he had to struggle along and keep his best workers as well. He sighed. Just then the phone rang.

    His secretary told him that George Strong wanted to see him as soon as possible. Manley sighed again. He could guess what it was about. George Strong was a very young engineer. The company had no future unless it could attract and keep men like him. Manley rubbed his forehead(前额); his problems seemed endless.

    16 Henry Manley was already deeply in debt.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    17 The job that had been offered to George Strong in Birmingham paid better.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    18 If George Strong took the job in Birmingham, he would have to leave his family in wyeford.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    19 Henry Manley’s company was in deep trouble.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    20 Henry Manley’s company was making enough profits to raise the workers’ wages.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    21 Henry Manley had no idea at all why George Strong wanted to see him.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    22 George Strong was a very creative engineer.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~ 30题,每题1分,共8分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2,3,5和6段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    Robots

    1 The most sophisticated(先进的)Japanese robots, which have vision systems and work at very high speeds, are still based on American designs. Studies of robots, particularly computer control software, are considered to be generally less advanced in Japan than in America or Europe.

    2 Although industrial robots were originally developed as devices for simply handling objects, today their commonest uses are for more skilled work like welding(焊接),spray-painting and assembling components.

    3 In Britain robot sales appropriately peaked in 1984, but have been declining ever since. This is partly because British wage rates are too low to make robots financially attractive and partly because engineers now have more experience with robots and are more aware of the difficulties of introducing them effectively.

    4 It has been calculated that a robot uses on average about 100 times more energy than a human to do an equivalent job.

    5 It is estimated that 20% of all comic book heroes in Japan are robots. This is an enormous number because comics are so popular that they make up a third of all material published in Japan.

    6 The reliability of robots is measured in their M.T.B.F.or mean time between failures. This has risen form about 250 hours in the mid-1970s to about 10,000 hours today (equivalent to working 18 hours a day for two years). One way robot manufactures have increased reliability is to test every single component they buy, instead of the normal procedure of just testing a small sample.

    7 The biggest single benefit of introducing robots claimed by Japanese companies is that they increase quality control. One programmed, the robots can work more accurately and consistently than humans, who can get tired and bored. 

    A Ongoing Research

    B Extension of Use

    C Robot Heroes

    D Greater Reliability

    E Falling Demand

    F Hidden Danger

    23 Paragraph 2_______________

    24 Paragraph 3_______________

    25 Paragraph 5_______________

    26 Paragraph 6_______________

    27 Even the most sophisticated Japanese robots are____________________

    28 Robots are less popular in Britain to day partly because__________________

    29 One disadvantage of using robots is that they consume_________________

    30 The use of robots increases_____________

    A too much energy

    B based on American designs

    C they are too costly

    D they are not reliable

    E quality control F free of charge

    The use of robots increases_____________

    第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

    下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请根据文章的内容,从每题所给的4个选项中选择个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    第一篇 what Makes a Soccer Player Great?

    Soccer is played by millions of people all over the world, but there have only been few players who were truly great. How did these players get that way—was it through training and practice, or are great players’ born, not made”? First, these players came from places that have had famous stars in the past---players that a young boy can look up to and try to imitate(效仿).In the history of soccer, only six countries have ever won the World Cup—three from South America and three from Western Europe. There has never been a great national team—or a really great player—from North America or from Asia. Second, these players have all had years of practice in the game. Alfredo Di Stefano was the son of a soccer player, as was Pele. Most players begin playing the game at game at the age of three or four.

    Finally, many great players come from the same kind of neighbourhood(聚居区)—a poor, crowded area where a boy’s dream is not to be a doctor, lawyer, or businessman, but to become a rich, famous athlete or entertainer. For example, Liverpool which produced the Beatles(甲壳虫乐队),had one of the best English soccer teams in recent years. Pele practiced in the street with a “ball” made of rags(破布). And George Best learned the tricks that made him famous by bouncing the ball off a wall in the slums(贫民窟)of Belfast.

    All great players have a lot in common, but that doesn’t explain why they are great. Hundreds of boys played in those Brazilian streets, but only one became Pele. The greatest players are born with some unique quality that sets them apart from all the others.

    31 According to the author, which of the following statements is true?

    A Great soccer players are born, not made.

    B Truly great players are rare.

    C Only six countries have ever had famous soccer stars.

    D Soccer is the least popular sport in North America and Asia

    32 The word ”tricks” at the end of Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to

    A “experience”

    B “cheating”

    C “skills”

    D “training”

    33 Pele is cited as an example in the second paragraph to illustrate that

    A famous soccer players live in slum areas

    B people in poor areas are born with some unique quality

    C children in poor areas start playing football at the age of 3 or 4

    D many great soccer players come from poor areas

    34 In the last paragraph the statement “only one became Pele” indicates that

    A Pele is the greatest soccer player

    B the greatest players are born with some unique quality

    C Pele’s birthplace sets him apart from all the other players

    D the greatest players practice with “balls” made of rags

    35 The author attributes a soccer player’s success to all the following factors EXCEPT

    A his family background

    B his neighbourhood.

    C his practice.

    D his height

    第二篇 New Foods and the New World

    In the last 500 years, nothing about people---not their clothes, ideas, or languages—has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made from the seeds of the cocoa tree(可可树)by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500’s. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London, shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today.

    The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the “Potato Famine(饥荒)”of 1845—1846, and thousands more were forced to leave their homeland and move to America.

    There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia, a country in Africa. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400’s.

    According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered when a person named Kaldi noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the “wide-awake” feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with.

    36 According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years?

    A Food

    B Clothing

    C Ideology

    D Language

    37 “some” in the last sentence of the first paragraph refers to

    A some cocoa trees

    B some chocolate drinks.

    C some shops

    D some South American Indians

    38 Thousands of Irish people starved during the “Potato Famine” because

    A they were so dependent on potatoes that they refused to eat anything else

    B they were forced to leave their homeland and move to America

    C the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing potatoes

    D the potato harvest was bad

    39 Which country is the largest coffee producer?

    A Brazil

    B Colombia

    C Ethiopia

    E Egypt

    40 Which of the following statements is NOT true, according to the passage?

    A. One third of the world’s population drinks coffee.

    B. Coffee is native to Colombia

    C. Coffee can keep one awake.

    D. Coffee drinks were first made by Arabs.

    第三篇 Up in Smoke

    I began to smoke when I was in high school. In fact, I remember the evening I was at a girlfriend’s house, and we were watching a movie—a terribly romantic movie. He (the hero of the movie) was in love, she (his lady) was beautiful, and they were both smoking. My friend had only two cigarettes from a pack in her mother’s purse, and she gave one to me. It was my first time.

    My parents didn’t care much. They both smoked, and my older brother did too. My mother told me that smokers don’t grow tall, but I was already5’6”(taller than most of the boys in my class), so I was happy to hear that “fact”. In school, the teachers talked against smoking, but the cigarette advertisements were so exciting. The men in the ads were so good-looking and so successful, and the women were-well, they were beautiful and sophisticated(老于世故的).

    I read a book called how to stop smoking. The writer said that smoking wastes time, and that cigarettes cost a lot of money. “So what?” I thought, the book didn’t say that smoking can take away years of your life. But ten years later, everyone began to hear about the negative effects of cigarette smoke: lung disease, cancer, and heart problems. After that, there was a health warning on every pack of cigarettes. I didn’t pay much attention to the reports and warnings. I felt healthy, and I thought I was taking good care of myself.

    Then two events changed my mind. First, I started to cough. I thought it was just a cold, but it didn’t get better. Second, my brother got lung cancer. He got sicker and sicker. My brother and I used to smoke cigarettes together over twenty years age, and we smoked our last cigarettes together the day before he died. I sat with him in his hospital room, and I decided to quit. “NO more cigarettes, ever,” I said to myself.

    However, it was very hard to stop, Nicotine(尼古丁)is a drug; as a result, cigarettes cause a powerful addiction. I tried several times to quit on my own—without success. I made excuses. I told myself: Smoking helps me keep my figure—i.e. I don’t gain weight when I smoke. Smoking not only relaxes me but it also helps me think clearly. I’m a free, liberated woman. I can smoke when I want to.

    Finally, I ran out of excuses—I might say my excuses went up in smoke. I joined the “Stop Smoking” program at the local hospital, which also ended up in failure.

    41 How the writer started smoking shows the powerful influence of

    A educational institutions

    B one’s social status

    C the mass media

    D public opinions

    42 The “fact” in Paragraph 2 refers to

    A her admiration for the men in the ads

    B her mother’s warning that smokers don’t grow tall

    C her height of 5’6”

    D the teachers’ negative attitude towards smoking

    43 The book called How to Stop Smoking

    A cost the writer a lot of time to read

    B was not taken seriously by the writer

    C warned the reader of the risk of lung cancer.

    D left the writer in confusion

    44 The writer decided to quit smoking partly because

    A she could not afford any more cigarettes.

    B her doctor had advised her to do so

    C her brother had given up smoking.

    D she had started to cough

    45 The writer found it hard to quit smoking because

    A she had been addicted to nicotine.

    B she had been putting on weight.

    C she could not think clearly.

    D she was an independent woman.

    第5部分: 补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)

    阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原来位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    Success Stories

    One of the most successful fashion companies in the world is Benetton. The Benetton family opened their first shop in Italy in 1968.__________(46)Benetton followed four marketing principles in order to achieve their success.

    The first principle is Consumer Concept. To build a successful business, you have to develop products around things people value, especially quality___________(47) He created clothes to match people’s wants: the style is casual; the colors and patterns are bold; and the quality is excellent.

    The system link is another feature of good marketing. For Benetton, this means waiting to get information about what customers like and what they dislike before making the clothes______________(48)

    The Information Link means making sure the company responds quickly to people’s demands._________(49) This information is then sent to the main office in Italy. Benetton can use this information to identify popular products and to continue making them; it can also identify less popular products and stop making them.

    A final important marketing principle is the Retail Link. There are benentton stores in countries around the world. All the stores have the same clothing, the same window displays, and the same approach to sales._________(50)

    The things people like about Benetton stores are that the quality is always high and the prices are generally low. And that spells success.

    A The founder of Benetton began by asking people what they wanted

    B There used to be a good reason for this

    C When something is sold at a Benetton store, the store records information about the type, size, and color of the item.

    D Today, there are Benetton shops in major cities all over the world.

    E This means that customers can go into any Benetton store in the world and be sure of what they are buying.

    F In other words, Benetton’s clothes are made to order.

    第6部分: 完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)

    阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项同,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    The Great Newspaper War

    Up until about 100 years ago, newspapers in the United States appealed only to the most serious readers. They used no illustrations and the articles were__________(51)politics or business.

    Two men_________(52) that –Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World and William Randolph Hearst of the New York Morning Journal. Pulitzer_________(53) the New York World in 1883. he changed it form a traditional newspaper into a very_________(54) one overnight(一夜之间). He__________(55) lots of illustrations and cartoons. And he told his reporters to write articles on__________(56) crime or scandal they could find. And they did. One of them even pretended she was crazy and then she was__________(57) to a mental hospital. She them wrote a series of articles about the poor_________(58)of patients in those hospitals.

    In 1895, Hearst___________(59) to New York from California. He wanted the New York Morning Journal to be more sensational(轰动的) and more exciting_____________(60) the New York World. He also wanted it to be cheaper, so he_______________(61) the price by a penny. Hearst attracted attention because his headlines were bigger than_________(62). He often said, “Big print makes big news.”

    Pulitzer and Hearst did anything they_____________(63) to sell newspapers. For example, Hearst sent Frederic Remington, the famous illustrator(插图画家), to_____________(64) pictures of the Spanish-American War. When he got there, he told Hearst that no fighting was___________(65). Hearst answered, “You furnish (提供) the pictures. I’ll furnish the war.”

    51. A about B in C with D of

    52 A accepted B developed C started D changed

    53 A published B bought C issued D printed

    54 A boring B practical C exciting D natural

    55 A cancelled B approved C solved D added

    56 A every B all C both D many

    57 A invited B admitted C accepted D called

    58 A treatment B reputation C work D results

    59 A arrived B reached C changed D came

    60 A than B as C in D for

    61 A increased B reduced C fixed D offered

    62 A anyone B anyone’s C anyone else D anyone else’s

    63 A may B might C must D could

    64 A get B keep C draw D make

    65 A going B lasting C going on D taking on

    答案

    满分100分,其中:

    1- 30每题1分:31-45每题3分:46-50每题2分:51-65每题1分。

    1 B 2 A 3 A 4 C 5 B 6 D 7 C 8 C 9 C 10 C

    11B 12 D 13 A 14 A 15 B 16 C 17 A 18 B 19 A 20 B

    21 B 22 C 23 B 24 E 25 C 26 D 27 B 28 C 29 A 30 E

    31 B 32 C 33 D 34 B 35 D 36 A 37 C 38D 39 A 40 B

    41C 42 B 43 B 44 D 45 A 46 D 47 A 48 F 49 C 50 E

    51 A 52D 53B 54 C 55D 56 A 57 B 58 A 59 D 60 A

    61 B 62D 63 D 64 C 65 C

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