您的位置:职业培训教育网  > 职称英语 > 试题中心 > 历年真题 > 正文

2003年职称英语等级考试试题-综合B

2005-10-18 00:00  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

    第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

    下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    1 The high-speed trains can have a major impact on travel preferences.

    A force B influence C surprise D power

    2 Can you follow the plot?

    A change B investigate C write D understand

    3 Even in a highly modernized country, manual work is still needed.

    A physical B mental C natural D hard

    4 In the latter case the outcome can be serious indeed

    A result B judgment C decision D event

    5 Norman Blamey is an artist of deep convictions.

    A statements B beliefs C suggestions D claims

    6 Up to now, the work has been easy.

    A So B So long C So that D So far

    7 The report advocated setting up day training colleges.

    A supposed B excited C suggested D discussed

    8 Accordingly, a number of other methods have been employed

    A Therefore B Afterwards C However D Furthermore

    9 The outlook from the top of the mountain is breathtaking.

    A view B sight C look D point

    10 Our lives are intimately bound up with theirs.

    A tensely B nearly C carefully D closely

    11 The union representative put across her argument very effectively.

    A explained B invented C considered D accepted

    12 He talks tough but has a tender heart.

    A heavy B strong C kind D wild

    13 It is no use debating the relative merits of this policy.

    A making B taking C discussing D expecting

    14 Our statistics show that we consume all that we are capable of producing

    A waste B buy C use D sell

    15 The fuel tanks had a capacity of 140 liters.

    A function B ability C power D volume

    第2部分: 阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

    A Pay Rise or Not?

    “Unless I get a rise, I’ll have a talk with the boss, Henry Manley,” George Strong said to himself. George liked his job and he liked the town he lived in, but his wife kept telling him that his pay was not enough to meet the needs of the family. That was why he was thinking of taking a job in Birmingham, a nearby city about 50 miles away. He had been offered a job in a factory there, and the pay was far better.

    George lived in Wyeford, a medium-sized town. He really liked the place and didn’t like the idea of moving somewhere else, but if he took the job in Birmingham, he would have to move his family there.

    Henry Manley was the manager of a small company manufacturing electric motors. The company was in deep trouble because, among other reasons, the Japanese were selling such things at very low prices. As a result, Manley had to cut his own prices and profits as well. Otherwise he would not get any orders at all. Even then, orders were still not coming in fast enough, so that there was no money for raises(加工资) for his workers. Somehow, he had to struggle along and keep his best workers as well. He sighed. Just then the phone rang.

    His secretary told him that George Strong wanted to see him as soon as possible. Manley sighed again. He could guess what it was about. George Strong was a very young engineer. The company had no future unless it could attract and keep men like him. Manley rubbed his forehead(前额); his problems seemed endless.

    16 Henry Manley was already deeply in debt.

    A right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    17 The job that had been offered to George Strong in Birmingham paid better.

    A right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    18 If George Strong took the job in Birmingham, he would have to leave his family in Wyeford.

    A right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    19 Henry Manley’s company was in deep trouble.

    A right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    20 Henry Manley’s company was making enough profits to raise the workers’ wages.

    A right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    21 Henry Manley had no idea at all why George Strong wanted to see him.

    A right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    22 George Strong was a very creative engineer.

    A right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~ 30题,每题1分,共8分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2,3,5和6段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    Keeping Cut Flowers

    1 While everybody enjoys fresh cut flowers around his house, few people know how to keep them for as long as possible. This may be done by keeping in mind a few simple facts.

    2 An important thing to remember about cut flowers is that they are sensitive to temperature. For example, studies have shown that cut carnations(康乃馨) retain their freshness eight times longer when kept at 12oC than when kept at 260c. Keeping freshly harvested flowers at the right temperatures is probably the most important aspect of flower care.

    3 Flowers are not intended by nature to live very long. Their biological purpose is simply to attract birds or insects, such as bees, for pollination (授粉). After that, they quickly dry up and die. The process by which flowers consume oxygen and produce carbon dioxide (二氧化碳), called respiration (呼吸), generates the energy the flower needs to give the flower its shape and colour. The making of seeds also depends on this energy. While all living things respire, flowers have a high level of respiration. A result of all this respiration is heat, and for flowers the level of heat relative to the mass of the flower is very high. Respiration also brings about the eventual death of the flower. Thus the greater the level of respiration, the sooner the flower dies.

    4 How, then, to control the rate at which flowers die? By controlling respiration. How is respiration controlled? By controlling temperature. We know that respiration produces heat, but the reverse is also true. Thus by maintaining low temperatures, respiration is reduced and the cut flower will age more slowly.

    5 Another vital factor in keeping cut flowers is the quality of the water in which they are placed. Flowers find it difficult to “drink” water that is dirty or otherwise polluted. Even when water looks and smells clean, it almost certainly contains harmful substances that can endanger the flowers. To rid the water of these unwanted substances, household chlorine bleach (含氯漂白剂) can be used in small quantities. It is recommended that 15 drops of chlorine bleach(at 4% solution) be added to each litre of water. The water and solution should also be replaced each day.

    A Control of Respiration

    B Beauty of Fresh Cut Flowers

    C Role of Respiration

    D Most Important Aspect of Flower Care

    E Need for Clean Water

    F Ways of Stopping Respiration

    23 Paragraph 2__________________

    24 Paragraph 3__________________

    25 Paragraph 4__________________

    26 Paragraph 5__________________

    27 A few simple facts will help you keep cut flowers_______________

    28 Respiration plays a key role________________

    29 The aging of cut flowers can be slowed down_________________

    30 Another important way to prolong the life of cut flowers is ____________________ 

    A by keeping its original shape and colour

    B in the life of the cut flower

    C to produce carbon dioxide

    D for as long as possible

    E by controlling temperature

    F to replace the water and solution every day

    第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

    下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请根据文章的内容,从每题所给的4个选项中选择个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    第一篇 New Foods and the New World

    In the last 500 years, nothing about people---not their clothes, ideas, or languages—has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made from the seeds of the cocoa tree(可可树)by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500’s. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London, shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today.

    The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the “Potato Famine(饥荒)”of 1845—1846, and thousands more were forced to leave their homeland and move to America.

    There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia, a country in Africa. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400’s.

    According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered when a person named Kaldi noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the “wide-awake” feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with.

    31 According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years?

    A Food

    B Clothing

    C Ideology

    D Language

    32 “some” in the last sentence of the first paragraph refers to

    A some cocoa trees

    B some chocolate drinks.

    C some shops

    D some South American Indians

    33 Thousands of Irish people starved during the “Potato Famine” because

    A they were so dependent on potatoes that they refused to eat anything else

    B they were forced to leave their homeland and move to America

    C the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing potatoes

    D the potato harvest was bad

    34 Which country is the largest coffee producer?

    A Brazil

    B Colombia

    C Ethiopia

    E Egypt

    35 Which of the following statements is NOT true, according to the passage?

    A. One third of the world’s population drinks coffee.

    B. Coffee is native to Colombia

    C. Coffee can keep one awake.

    D. Coffee drinks were first made by Arabs.

    第二篇 Teaching poetry

    No poem should ever be discussed or “analyzed”, until it has been read aloud by someone, teacher or student. Better still, perhaps, is the practice of reading it twice, once at the beginning of the discussion and once at the end, so the sound of the poem is the last thing one hears of it.

    All discussions of poetry are, in fact, preparations for reading it aloud, and the reading of the poem is, finally, the most telling “interpretation” of it, suggesting tone, rhythm, and meaning all at once. Hearing a poet read the work in his or her own voice, on records or on film, is obviously a special reward. But even those aids to teaching can not replace the student and teacher reading it or, best of all, reciting(背诵) it.

    I have come to think, in fact, that time spent reading a poem aloud is much more important than “analyzing” it, if there isn’t time for both. I think one of our goals as teachers of English is to have students love poetry. Poetry is “ a criticism of life”, and “ a heightening(提升) of life”. It is “an approach to the truth of feeling”, and it “ can save your life”. It also deserves a place in the teaching of language and literature more central than it presently occupies.

    I am not saying that every English teacher must teach poetry. Those who don’t like it should not be forced to put that dislike on anyone else. But those who do teach poetry must keep in mind a few thing s about its essential nature, about its sound as well as its sense, and they must make room in the classroom for hearing poetry as well as thinking about it.

    36 To have a better understanding of a poem, one should

    A discuss it with others.

    B analyze it by oneself.

    C copy it down in a notebook

    D practise reading it aloud

    37 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a function of poetry?

    A Extending your life.

    B Saving your life.

    C Criticizing life.

    D Heightening life.

    38 According to the writer, one of the purposes of teaching English is to get students

    A to understand life.

    B to enjoy poetry.

    C to become teachers.

    D to become poets

    39 What does the last sentence in the third paragraph imply?

    A More stress should be laid on the teaching of poetry.

    B Poetry is more important than any other subject.

    C One cannot enjoy life fully without an understanding of poetry

    D Poetry is the foundation of all language and literature courses

    40 The phrase “make room” in the last paragraph could be best replaced by

    A “build a booth”

    B “provide equipment”.

    C “leave a certain amount of time”.

    D “set aside enough space”.

    第三篇 “ Salty” Rice Plant Boosts Harvests

    British scientists are breeding a new generation of rice plants that will be able to grow in soil containing salt water. Their work may enable abandoned farms to become productive once more.

    Tim Flowers and Tony Yeo, from Sussex University’s School of Biological Sciences, have spent several years researching how crops, such as rice, could be made to grow in water that has become salty.

    The pair have recently begun a three-year programme, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, to establish which genes enable some plants to survive salty conditions. The aim is to breed this capability into crops, starting with rice.

    It is estimated that each year more than 10m hectares(公顷) of agricultural land are lost because salt gets into the soil and stunts(妨碍生长)plants. The problem is caused by several factors. In the tropics, mangroves(红树林) that create swamps(沼泽) and traditionally formed barriers to sea water have been cut down. In the Mediterranean, a series of droughts have caused the water table to drop, allowing sea water to seep(渗透)in. in Latin America, irrigation often causes problems when water is evaporated(蒸发) by the heat, leaving salt deposits behind.

  Excess salt then enters the plants and prevents them functioning normally. Heavy concentrations of minerals in the plants stop them drawing up the water they need to survive.

  To overcome these problems, Flowers and Yeo decided to breed rice plants that take in very little slat and store what they do absorb in cells that do not affect the plants‘ growth. They have started to breed these characteristics into a new rice crop, but it will take about eight harvests before the resulting seeds are ready to be considered for commercial use.

  Once the characteristics for surviving salty soil are known, Flowers and Yeo will try to breed the appropriate genes into all manners of crops and plants. Land that has been abandoned to nature will then be able to bloom again, providing much needed food in the poorer countries of the world.

  41 Which of the following statements about Flowers and Yeo is true?

  A They are students at Sussex University.

  B They are rice breeders.

  C They are husband and wife.

  D They are colleagues at an institution of higher learning.

  42 Flowers and Yeo have started a programme

  A to find ways to prevent water pollution.

  B to identify genes that promote growth in salty soil.

  C to breed rice plants that taste salty.

  D to find ways to remove excessive salt from soil.

  43 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a cause of the problem discussed in the passage?

  A Natural barriers to sea water have been destroyed.

  B the water table has gone down after droughts.

  C Sea level has been continuously rising.

  D Evaporation of water leaves salt behind

  44 The word “affect” in Paragraph 6 could be best replaced by

  A “influence”

  B “effect”

  C “stop”

  D “present”

  45 The attitude of the author towards the research project is

  A positive

  B negative.

  C suspicious

  D indifferent.

    第5部分: 补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)

    阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原来位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    Like fine food, good writing is something we approach with pleasure and enjoy from the first taste to the last._______(46) Quite the contrary, just as the cook has to undergo an intensive training, mastering the skills of his trade, the writer must sit at his desk and devote long hours to achieving a style in his writing, whatever its purpose-school work, matters of business, or purely social communication.___________(47)

    There are still some remote places in the world where you might find someone to do your business or social writing for you, for a fee. There are a few mangers who are lucky enough to have the service of that rare kind of secretary who can take care of all sorts of letter writing with no more than a quick note to work from._____________(48)

    We have to write school papers, business papers or home papers. We are constantly called on to put words to paper. It would be difficult to count the number of such words, messages, letters, and reports put to the mails or delivered by hand, but the daily figure must be enormous.__________(49) We want to arouse and hold the interest of readers. We want whatever we write to be read, from first word to last, not thrown into some “letters-to-be-read” file or into a wastepaper basket._____________(50)

    A But for most of us, if there is any writing to be done, we have to do it ourselves.

    B However, the managers may sometimes cause the writers a lot of trouble.

    C Any good writers, like good cooks, do not suddenly appear full-blown(成熟的)

    D What is more, everyone who writes expects, or at least hopes, that his writing will be read.

    E This is the reason we bend our efforts toward learning and practicing the skills of interesting, effective writing.

    F You may be sure that the greater the effort, the more effective the writing, and the more rewarding.

    第6部分: 完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)

    阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项同,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    The American Family

    In the American family the husband and wife usually share important decision making. When the children are _________(51) enough, they take part as well. Foreigners are often surprised by the permissiveness(宽容) of American parents. The old rule that “children should be seen and not heard” is rarely_____________(52), and children are often allowed to do _________(53) they wish without strict control of their parents. The father seldom expects his children to listen to him_________(54) question, and children are encouraged to be ___________(55) at an early age. Some people believe that American parents carry this freedom_____________(56) far. Others think that a strong father image would not ____________(57) the American values of equality and independence. Because Americans emphasize the importance of independence, young people are expected to_____________(58) their parental families by the time they have _________(59) their late teens or early twenties. Indeed, not to do so is often regarded as a __________(60), a kind of weak dependence.

    This pattern of independence often results in serious_____________(61) for the aging parents of a small family. The average American is expected to live ___________(62) the age of 70. The job-retirement age is _____________(63) 65. The children have left home, married, and ____________(64) their own households. At least 20 percent of all people over 65 do not have enough retirement incomes.__________(65) the major problem of many elderly couples is not economic. They feel useless and lonely with neither an occupation nor a close family group.

    51 A senior B junior C old D young

    52 A watched B followed C understood D grasped

    53 A what B that C which D when

    54 A for B on C without D in

    55 A dependent B independent C sure D secure

    56 A too B almost C nearly D so

    57 A gain B welcome C suit D estimate

    58 A break up B break into C break through D break away from

    59 A reached B come C arrived D developed

    60 A reward B criticism C failure D success

    61 A events B problems C matters D affairs

    62 A on B up C from D beyond

    63 A only B usually C sometimes D seldom

    64 A set forth B set aside C set up D set down

    65 A But B Therefore C In contrast D On the other hand

    答案:

    满分 100分,其中:1-30每题1分;1-45每题3分;6-50每题2分;51-65每题1分。

    1B 2D 3A 4A 5B 6D 7C 8A 9A 10D 11A 12C 13C 14C 15D 16C 

    17A 18B 19A 20B  21B 22C 23D 24C 25A 26E 27D 28B 29E 30F

    31A 32C 33D 34A 35B 36D 37A 38B 39A 40C 41D 42B 43C 44A 45A

    46C 47F 48A 49D 50E  51C 52B 53A 54C 55B 56A 57C 58D 59A 60C 

    61B 62D 63B 64C 65A

  特色通关班  480元/门
辅导期一年,考试结束后一周关闭
精品通关班  680元/门
辅导期一年,考试结束后一周关闭
实验通关班  1180元/门
辅导期一年,考试结束后一周关闭
特色无忧班  780元/门
当期考不过,第二年免费学
精品无忧班  1280元/门
当期考不过,第二年免费学
实验无忧班  2080元/门
当期考不过,第二年免费学
综合类  试听    试听    试听  
理工类  试听    试听    试听  
卫生类  试听    试听    试听  
职业培训教育网移动课堂
职称英语 试题 相关的信息
  • 综合类
  • 理工类
  • 卫生类
超值套餐

特色通关班 480元/门 特色无忧班 780元/门

精品通关班 680元/门 精品无忧班 1280元/门

实验通关班 1180元/门 实验无忧班 2080元/门

  

超值套餐

特色通关班 480元/门 特色无忧班 780元/门

精品通关班 680元/门 精品无忧班 1280元/门

实验通关班 1180元/门 实验无忧班 2080元/门

  

超值套餐

特色通关班 480元/门 特色无忧班 780元/门

精品通关班 680元/门 精品无忧班 1280元/门

实验通关班 1180元/门 实验无忧班 2080元/门

  

版权声明
  1、凡本网注明 “来源:职业培训教育网”的所有作品,版权均属职业培训教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:职业培训教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
  本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、本网站欢迎积极投稿
  4、联系方式:
邮箱:chinatat@chinatat.com
电话:010-82333888