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07年职称英语考试试卷及答案-卫生类(B级)[试题]

2008-06-06 16:15  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

2007年度全国职称外语等级考试试卷

英 语(卫生类B级)

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1.I have been trying to quit  smoking.

  A.give up B.pick up C.build up D.take up

  2.Relief workers  were shocked by what they saw.

  A.moved B.touched C.surprised D.worried

  3.The weather is a constant subject  of conversation in Britain.

  A.question B.problem C.title D.topic

  4.This is not typical  of English,but is a feature of the Chinese language.

  A.particular B.characteristic C.remarkable D.idiomatic

  5.It is virtually impossible to persuade him to apply for the job.

  A.simply B.almost C.totally D.completely

  6.These are defensive behavior patterns  which derive  from our fears.

  A.stem B.rely C.develop D.grow

  7.Only a small minority of the mentally ill are liable to harm themselves or others.

  A.easy B.possible C.likely D.difficult

  8.They have the capability  to destroy the enemy in a few days.

  A.possibility B.necessity C.ability D.probability

  9.We have never seen such gorgeous hills.

  A.beautiful B.stretching C.spreading D.rolling

  10.The leaves have been swept into huge heaps.

  A.loads B.layers C.pyramids D.piles

  11.The news will horrify everyone.

  A.attract B.terrify C.tempt D.excite

  12.The article sketched the major events of the decade.

  A.described B.offered C.outlined D.presented

  13.I won't tolerate that kind of behavior.

  A.bear B.receive C.admit D.take

  14.Their style of playing football is utterly different.

  A.barely B.scarcely C.hardly D.totally

  15.Her sister urged her to apply for the job.

  A.advised B.caused C.forced D.promised

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,第题1分,共7分)
  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C.

Want to Be 100?Listen to These 5 Centenarians(百岁老人)

  Five neighbors at a central Missouri retirement community who are all centenarians get asked all the time:"How did you live to be 100?"

  If you want to live to 100 or more,this rare group of five golden girls says the key to longevity(长寿)is working hard at a job you love and taking care of your body while you're at it.

  Even though an estimated 70,000 people in the country are currently at the century mark or beyond in age,it is unusual to find five 100-year-olds living in one place.

  The average life-span(寿命)of Americans is about two or three years short of an 80th birthday party.And most people don't want to cut out coffee,soda,alcohol,cigarettes,and eat healthy food.

  "People tell me all the time,'I don't want to live to be 100,'"said Mildred Leaver,who turned 100 in June.

  "I think that's just sad.Aging is attitude and I don't feel old,"said Leaver,a former educator who still drives her Buick around town.

  It doesn't take long to see that Leaver and her neighbors Mildred Harris,Grace Wolfson,Gladys Stuart and Viola Semas,have a lot more in common than their longevity and lifelong healthy habits.All are 100 except Stuart,who is 101.

  Even though their sight and hearing aren't what they used to be,they've all avoided illnesses that many elderly people are stricken with.It's been 50 years since Leaver beat cancer for the first and only time.

  The common thread that connects these women is the decades of service to jobs each loved as a farmer,designer,school principal,bookkeeper and secretary.In the early years of their lives,gainfully employed women like them were just as rare as 100-year-olds are today.

  16.Currently about 70,000 people are aged 100 or above in America.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  17.It is not hard to find five 100-year-olds living in one place in America.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  18.None of the five centenarians have any children.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  19.The average life-span of Americans is 80 years.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  20.Leaver feels sad about her old age.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  21.Leaver was stricken with cancer 50 years age.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  22.The five centenarians live in a very friendly community.

  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

Facts about Stroke

  1Every 45 seconds,someone in America has a stroke.Every 3.1 minutes,someone dies of one.Stroke killed an estimated 167,661 people in 2000 and is the nation's third leading cause of death,ranking behind diseases of the heart and all forms of cancer.Stroke is a leading cause of serious,long-term disability in the United States.

  2Stroke is a type of cardiovascular(心血管的)disease.It affects the arteries(动脉)leading to and within the brain.A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients(营养物)to the brain is either blocked by a clot(凝块)or bursts.When that happens,part of the brain cannot get the blood(and oxygen)it needs,so it starts to die.

  3The brain is an extremely complex organ that controls various body functions.If a stroke occurs and blood flow can't reach the region that controls a particular body function,that part of the body won't work as it should.If the stroke occurs toward the back of the brain,for instance,it's likely that some disability involving vision will result.The effects of a stroke depend primarily on the location of the obstruction(阻塞)and the extent of brain tissue affected.

  4The American Stroke Association has identified several factors that increase the risk of stroke.The more risk factors a person has,the greater the chance that he or she will have a stroke.Some of these you can't control,such as increasing age,family health history,race,and prior stroke.But you can change or treat other risk factors to lower your risk.Factors resulting from lifestyle or environment can be modified with a healthcare provider's help.Some of these include:high blood pressure,current smoking,heart disease,and high red blood cell count.

  5A stroke can happen to anyone at any moment.In fact about 600,000 people have strokes every year.For many years,there was no hope for those suffering a stroke.However,recent breakthroughs have led to new treatments.For the treatments to work,the person must get to a hospital immediately.

  23.Paragraph 2     .
  24.Paragraph 3     .
  25.Paragraph 4     .
  26.Paragraph 5     .
  A Effects of a stroke
  B Annual cost of stroke in the US
  C Definition and description of a stroke
  D Breakthroughs in treatment
  E Risk factors of stroke
  F Warning signs of a stroke

  27.When a stroke occurs,the arteries leading to and within the brain.
  28.A person's vision is likely to be affected if a stroke.
  29.Some people can reduce their risk of stroke if they.
  30.New treatments are now available to people who.
  A suffer from a stroke
  B will be affected
  C change their lifestyles
  D will take place
  E occurs at the back of his/her brain
  F controls various body functions

  第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

  第一篇

Wayne Beno

  Wayne Beno was a true outdoorsman.Fishing,boating,hunting,walking through the woods with his three dogs,Wayne loved and did it all.Then life changed dramatically.Wayne was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease(帕金森氏病).

  "For the next thirteen years I took 28 pills a day,had horrible side effects,and even with all those pills I still had lots of shaking and tremors(颤抖).I only went out during peak times,when I was looking and feeling my best.But that wasn't often and I really couldn't do much of anything.I felt like the life I loved was over,"said Wayne.

  Then Wayne's doctor in Green Bay suggested he consider a breakthrough surgical option being offered at Froedtert & the Medical College of Wisconsin called Deep Brain Stimulation(刺激)(DBS).DBS is a surgical option used to treat disabling movement disorders related to Parkinson's disease,essential tremor and more.It is not a cure,but significant improvement is seen in most movement disorder cases,with relatively low risk to the patient.

  In addition to his doctor's recommendation,Wayne had a neighbor and fishing friend who had the DBS procedure at Froedtert & the Medical College of Wisconsin.His friend's experience convinced Wayne that the 180-mile trip from his home in Crivitz,Wisconsin could be well worth the effort.

  And was it ever.

  "It was the best thing I ever did.I'm down to zero pills a day and I don't shake at all,"reports Wayne."Before the surgery,I felt bad every single day.Now I feel like my old self.I'm back to business as usual,which for me means fishing,fishing,and more fishing,every day of the year.Things just couldn't be any better!"

  31.Before getting Parkinson's disease,Wayne loved
  A.social activities.
  B.outdoor activities.
  C.productive activities.
  D.quiet activities.

  32.What was true of the pills Wayne took for 13 years?
  A.They cured his disease.
  B.They produced terrible side effects.
  C.They stopped his shaking and tremors.
  D.They enabled him to go out as often as before.

  33.Deep Brain Stimulation is most effective for
  A.mental disorders.
  B.chronic diseases.
  C.permanent brain injuries.
  D.disabling movement disorders.

  34.Wayne had a neighbor and fishing friend who
  A.worked as a doctor.
  B.was against the DBS procedure.
  C.benefited from the DBS procedure.
  D.was a victim of the DBS procedure.

  35.After the surgery,Wayne felt
  A.completely recovered.
  B.bad every single day.
  C.pain every now and then.
  D.worse than before the surgery.

  第二篇

Study Says Dogs Can Smell Cancer

  Dogs are known for their sense of smell.They can find missing people and things like bombs and illegal drugs.Now a study suggests that the animal known as man's best friend can even find bladder(膀胱)cancer.

  Cancer cells are thought to produce chemicals with unusual odors(气味).Researchers think dogs have the ability to smell these odors,even in very small amounts,in urine(尿).The sense of smell in dogs is thousands of times better than in humans.

  The study follows reports of cases where,for example,a dog showed great interest in a growth on the let of its owner.The mole(痣)was later found to be skin cancer.

  Carolyn Willis led a team of researchers at Amersham Hospital in England.They trained different kinds of dogs for the experiment.The study involved urine collected from bladder cancer patients,from people with other diseases and from healthy people.

  Each dog was tested eight times.In each test there were seven samples for the dogs to smell.The dog was supposed to signal the one from a bladder cancer patient by lying down next to it.

  Two cocker spaniels(短腿长毛垂耳小猎犬)were correct fifty-six percent of the time.But the scientists reported an average success rate of forty-one percent.

  As a group,the study found that the dogs chose the correct sample twenty-two out of fifyt-four times.That is almost three times more often than would be expected by chance alone.

  The British Medical Journal published the research.In all,thirty-six bladder cancer patients and one hundred and eight other people took part.

  During training,all the dogs reportedly even identified a cancer in a person who had tested healthy before the study.Doctors found a growth on the person's right kidney(肾).

  Bladder cancer is the ninth most common cancer worldwide.The International Agency for Research on Cancer says this disease kills more than one hundred thousand people each year.Doctors say cigarette smoking is the leading cause of bladder cancer.

  36.The experiment was conducted in a
  A.private home.
  B.training school.
  C.hospital.
  D.police station.

  37.The dog's average success rate was
  A.56%
  B.41%
  C.22%
  D.54%

  38.Participants in the experiment were
  A.36 bladder cancer patients.
  B.144 cancer patients.
  C.108 healthy people.
  D.144 sick and healthy people.

  39.The person who had tested healthy before the study
  A.dropped out.
  B.passed away.
  C.was found to have cancer.
  D.was found to remain healthy.

  40.Which is NOT true of bladder cancer?
  A.It is the 9th most common cancer worldwide.
  B.It can be identified only by dogs.
  C.It kills more than 100,000 people each year.
  D.It is mainly caused by smoking.

  第三篇

Trying to Find a Parther

  One of the most striking findings of a recent poll  in the UK is that of the people inbterviewed,one in two believes that it is becoming more difficult to meet someone to start a family with.

  Why are many finding it increasingly difficult to start and sustain intimate relationships?Does modern life really make it harder to fall in love?Or are we making it harder for ourselves?

  It is certainly the case today that contemporary couples benefit in different ways from relationships.Women no longer rely upon partners for economic security or status.A man doesn't expect his spouse to be  in sole charge of running his household and raising his children.

  But perhaps the knowledge that we can live perfectly well without a partnership means  that it takes much more to persuade people to abandon their independence.

  In theory,finding a partner should be much simpler these days.Only a few generations ago,your choice of soulmate (心上人) was constrained(限制) by geography,social convention and family  tradition.Although it was never explicit,many marriages were essentially  arranged.

  Now those barriers have been broken down.You can approach a builder or a brain surgeon  in any bar in any city on any given evening.When the world is your oyster (牡蛎),you surely have a better chance of finding a pearl.

  But it seems that the old conventions have been replaced by an even tighter constraint:the tyranny of choice.

  The expectations of partners are inflated(提高) to an unmanageable degree:good looks,impressive salary,kind to grandmother,and right socks.There is no room for error in the first impression.

  We think that a relationship can be perfect.If it isn't,it is disposable.We work to protect ourselves against future heartache and don't put in the hard emotional labor needed to build a strong relationship.Of course,this is complicated by realities.The cost of housing and child-rearing creates pressure to have a stable income and career before a life partnership.

  41.What does the recent poll show?
  A.It is getting more difficult for a woman to find her husband.
  B.It is getting increasingly difficult to start a familyl.
  C.It is getting more difficult for a man to find his wife.
  D.It is  getting increasingly difficult to develop an intimate relationship with your spouse.

  42.Which of the following is NOT true about a contemporary married couple?
  A.The wife doesn't have to raise the children all by herself.
  B.The husband doesn't have to support the family all by himself.
  C.The wife is no longer the only person to manage the household.
  D.They will receive a large sum of money from the govemment.

  43.Which of the following was NOT a constraint on one's choice of soulmate in the old days?
  A.The health condition of his or her grandmother.
  B.The geographical environment.
  C.The social convention.
  D.The family tradition.

  44.Which of the following is NOT expected of a partner according to this passage?
  A.Good looks.
  B.An impressive career.
  C.A high salary.
  D.A fine sense  of humor.

  45.The word"sustain"(paragraph 2)could be best replaced by
  A."reduce".
  B."shake".
  C."maintain".
  D."weaken".

  第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

A Heroic Woman

  The whole of the United States cheered its latest hero,Ashley Smith,with the Federal Bureau of lnvestigation saying it was planning to give a big reward to her for having a brave heart and wise mind.

  (46)She was moving into her apartment in Atlanta,Georgia early on the morning of March 12,when a man followed her to her door and put a gun to her side."I started walking to my door,and I felt really,really afraid,"she said in a TV interview last week.The man was Brian Nichols,33.He was suspected of killing three people at an Atlanta courthouse(法院)on March 11 and later of killing a federal agent.(47)

  Nichols tied Smith up with tape,but released her after she repeatedly begged him not to take her life."I told him if he hurt me,my little girl wouldn't have a mummy,"she  said.In order to calm the man down,she read to him from"The Purpose-Driven Life",a best-selling religious book.He asked her to repeat a paragraph"about what you thought your purpose in life was-what talents were you given."(48)

  "I basically just talked to him and tried to gain his trust,"Smith said.

  Smith said she asked Nichols why he chose her."He said he thought I was an angel sent from God,and we were Christian sister and brogher,"she said."And that he was lost,and that God led him to me to tell him that he had hurt a lot of peopole."(49)She said Nichols was surprised when she made him breakfast and that the two of them watched television coverage(报道)of the police hunt for him."I cannot believe that's me,"Nichols told the woman.Then,Nichols asked Smith what she thought he should do.She said,"I think you should turn yourself in.If you don't,lots more people are going to get hurt."

  Eventually,he let her go.(50)A US$60,000 reward had been posted for Nichols' capture.Authorities said they did not yet know if Smith would be eligible(有资格的)for that money.

  A The local police were searching for him.
  B Smith is a 26-year-old single mother with a daughter.
  C Smith tried very hard to kill Nichols.
  D She even cooked breakfast for the man before he allowed her to leave.
  E And the two of them discussed this topic.
  F Then she called the police.

  第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

Rise in Number of Cancer Survivors

  Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States,after heart disease.In the (51),it was often considered a death sentence.But many patients now live longer(52)of improvements in discovery and treatment.

  Researchers say death(53)in the United States from all cancers combined have fallen for thirty years.Survival rates have increased for most of the top fifteen cancers in both men and women,and for cancers in(54).

  The National Cancer Institute and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention studied the number of cancer survivors.A cancer survivor is defined(55)anyone who has been found to have cancer.This would include current patients.

  The study covered the period(56)1971 to 2001.The researchers found there are three(57)as many cancer survivors today as there were thirty years ago.In 1971,the United States had about three-million cancer(58).Today there are about ten-million.

  The study also found that 64% of adults with cancer can expect to still be(59)in five years.Thirty years ago,the five-year survival rate was 50%.The government wants to (60)the five-year survival rate to 70% by 2010.

  The risk of cancer increases with age.The report says the majority of survivors are 65 years and (61).

  But it says medical improvements have also helped children with cancer live(62)longer.Researchers say 80% of children with cancer will survive at least five years after the discovery.About 75% will survive at (63)ten years.

  In the 1970s,the five-year survival rate for children was about 50%.In the 1960s,most children did not survive cancer.Researchers say they(64)more improvements in cancer treatment in the future.In fact,they say traditional cancer-prevention programs are not enough anymore.They say public health programs should also aim to support the (65)numbers of cancer survivors and their families.

  51.A.past B.present C.future D.old
  52.A.due B.because C.despite D.regardless
  53.A.chances B.results C.orders D.rates
  54.A.men B.women C.children D.people
  55.A.as B.by C.at D.for
  56.A.between B.from C.during D.since
  57.A.numbers B.periods C.times D.rounds
  58.A.survivors B.patients C.coctors D.researchers
  59.A.strong B.alive C.healthy D.happy
  60.A.fix B.lower C.study D.increase
  61.A.older B.old C.younger D.young
  62.A.very B.rather C.much D.more
  63.A.little B.least C.less D.better
  64.A.expect B.suspect C.estimate D.think
  65.A.small B.growing C.fixed D.mixed

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