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2007年全国职称外语等级考试试卷(综合类B级)(试题)

2008-03-12 10:13  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1.I have been trying to quit  smoking.

  A.give up B.pick up C.build up D.take up

  2.Relief workers  were shocked by what they saw.

  A.moved B.touched C.surprised D.worried

  3.The weather is a constant subject  of conversation in Britain.

  A.question B.problem C.title D.topic

  4.This is not typical  of English,but is a feature of the Chinese language.

  A.particular B.characteristic C.remarkable D.idiomatic

  5.It is virtually impossible to persuade him to apply for the job.

  A.simply B.almost C.totally D.completely

  6.These are defensive behavior patterns  which derive  from our fears.

  A.stem B.rely C.develop D.grow

  7.Only a small minority of the mentally ill are liable to harm themselves or others.

  A.easy B.possible C.likely D.difficult

  8.They have the capability  to destroy the enemy in a few days.

  A.possibility B.necessity C.ability D.probability

  9.We have never seen such gorgeous hills.

  A.beautiful B.stretching C.spreading D.rolling

  10.The leaves have been swept into huge heaps.

  A.loads B.layers C.pyramids D.piles

  11.The news will horrify everyone.

  A.attract B.terrify C.tempt D.excite

  12.The article sketched the major events of the decade.

  A.described B.offered C.outlined D.presented

  13.I won't tolerate that kind of behavior.

  A.bear B.receive C.admit D.take

  14.Their style of playing football is utterly different.

  A.barely B.scarcely C.hardly D.totally

  15.Her sister urged her to apply for the job.

  A.advised B.caused C.forced D.promised

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,第题1分,共7分)
  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C.

Scotland:A Land of Wisdom

  In the 1740s,the famous French philosopher Voltaire said"We look to Scotland for all our ideas of civilization."That's not a bad advertisement for any country when it comes to attracting people to search for a first-class education.

  According to the American author Arthur Herman,the Scots invented the modern world itself.He argues that Scottish thinkers and intellectuals worked out many of the most important ideas on which modern life depends-everything from the scientific method to market economics.Their ideas did not just spread among intellectuals,but to those people in business,government and the sciences who actually shaped the Western world.

  It all started during the period that historians call the Scottish Enlightenment(启蒙运动),which is usually seen as taking place between the years 1740 and 1800.Before that,philosophy was mainly concemed with religion.For the thinkers of the Scottish Enlightenment,the proper study of humanity was mankind itself.

  Their reasoning was practical.For the philosopher David Hume,humanity was the right subject for philosophy because we can examine human behavior and so find real evidence of how people think and feel.And from that we can make judgments about the societies we live in and make concrete suggestions about how they can be improved,for universal benefit.

  Hume's enquiry into the nature of knowledge laid the foundations for the scientific method-the pursuit of truth through experiment.His friend and fellow resident of Edinburgh,Adam Smith,famously applied the study of mankind to the ways in which mankind does business.Trade,he argued,was a form of infrmation.In pursuing our own interests through trading in markets,we all come to benefit each other.

  Smith's idea has dominated modern views of economics.It also has wide applications.He was one of the philosophers to point out that nations can become rich,free and powerful through peace,trade and invention.

  Although the Scottish Enlightenment ended a long time ago,the ideas which evolved at that time still underpin(构成……的基础)our theories of human exchange and enquiry.It also exists in Scotland itself in an educational tradition that combines academic excellence with orientation(方向).

  16.Scotland is the right place to receive a first-class education.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  17.According to Arthur Herman,the Scots developed many important ideas which modern life depends on.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  18.Philosophers had come to know the importance of studying humanity even before the Scottish Enlightenment took place.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  19.David Hume was the first philosopher to study mankind.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  20.Smith's idea has extensive applications.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  21.Our current theories of human exchange and enquiry have nothing to do with the ideas developed during the Scottish Enlightenment.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  22.Smith died in 1800.
  A.Right  B.Wrong  C.Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

Things to Know about the UK

  1From Buckingham Palace to Oxford,the UK is loaded with wonderful icons(标志)of past eras.But it has also modernized with confidence.It's now better known for vibrant(充满活力的)cities with great nightlife and attraction.Fashions,fine dining,clubbing,shopping-the UK is among the world's best.

  2Most people have strong preconceptions about the British.But if you're one of these people,you'd be wise  to abandon those ideas.Visit a nightclub in one of the big cities,a football match,or a good local pub and you might more readily describe the English people as humorous and hospitable.It's certainly true that no other country in the world has more bird-watchers,sports supporters,pet owners and gardeners than the UK.

  3Getting around England is pretty easy.Budget(廉价的)airlines like Easyjet and Rynnair fly domestically.Trains can deliver you very efficiently from one major city to another.Long distance express buses are called coaches.Where coaches and buses run on the same route,coaches are more expensive (though quicker) than buses.London's famous black cabs are excellent but expensive.Minicabs are cheaper competitors,with freelance(个体的)drivers.But usually you need to give a call first.London's underground is called the Tube.It's very convenient and can get you to almost any part of the city.

  4The UK is not famous for its food.But you still need to know some of the traditional English foods.The most famous must be fish and chips.The fish and chips are deep fried in flour.English breakfast is something you need to try.It is fried bacon,sausages,fried eggs,black pudding,fried tomatoes,fried bread and baked beans,with toast and a pot of tea.Other things like shepherd's pie and Yorkshire pudding are also well-known as a part of English food culture.

  5Pubbing and clubbing are the main forms of English nightlife,especially for the young.Pubbing means going to a pub with friends,having drinks,and chatting.Clubbing is different from pubbing and includes going to a pub,or a place of music,or a bar,or any other places to gather with friends.Clubbing can be found everywhere.Usually there is some kind of dress code for clubbing,such as no jeans,no sportswear,or smart clubwear,while pubbing is much more casual.

  23.Paragraph 2     .
  24.Paragraph 3     .
  25.Paragraph 4     .
  26.Paragraph 5     .
  A Education
  B People
  C Transport
  D Drinks
  E Food
  F Nightlife

  27.The UK is a country that is.
  28.The British people are.
  29.Coaches in the UK are.
  30.Fish and chips are.
  A faster but more expensive than buses
  B both ancient and modern
  C humorous and hospitable
  D cheap and efficient
  E traditional and famous
  F clever and hardworking

  第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

  第一篇

A Debate on the English Language

  A measure declaring English the national language is under intense debate in the United States.The US Senate passed two declarations last week.One calls English the nation's official language and the other says it is the "common and unifying(统一的)"tongue.But Americans found themselves divided on the issue.

  Since people worldwide know that most Americans speak only English,many can't understand why the issue is so controversial(有争议的).

  "The discussion is related to fears of immigration issues,"says Dick Tucker,a social scientist at Pittsburgh's Carnegie Mellon University."It's related to a worry about the changing demography(人口统计)of the US.It's a worry about who will continue to have political and economic influence."

  In fact,the notion of protecting the language has been kicked around almost since the nation's founding.John Adams lobbied(游说)in 1780 for the creation of a national academy to correct and improve the English language.But his proposal died,since lawmakers saw it as a royalist(保皇主义者)attempt to define personal behavior.

  Since then,the country hasn't had a national language,but the idea of recognizing the special status of English lived on.

  The emotions surrounding language resurface(再次浮现)not because people feel comfortable with English.It is more about the discomfort many Americans feel with the new languages,says Walt Wolfram,a professor at North Carolina State University.

  "Language is never about language,"he says.

  According to the 2000 US Census Bureau report,of 209 million Americans over 18 years old,172 million speak only English at home.About 37 million speak languages other than English.Among them,6.5 million speak poor English and 3.1 million don't speak English at all.

  31.What are the two declarations concerned with?
  A.The status of the English language.
  B.The protection of new languages.
  C.The rights to speak one's mother tongue.
  D.The improvement of the English language.

  32.Who suggested in the 18th century that English should be protected?
  A.Walt Wolfram.
  B.John Adams.
  C.Royalists.
  D.Dick Tucker.

  33.Which of the following is the current debate NOT related to?
  A.The immigration issues.
  B.The changing demography.
  C.The worry about the new languages.
  D.The US's military strength.

  34.Which statement is true according to the 2000 US Census Bureau report?
  A.172 million Americans speak only English in their work places.
  B.37 million Americans speak English.
  C.209 million Americans are above the age of 18.
  D.6.5 million Americans speak good English.

  35.The phrase"kicked around"(paragraph 4)could be best replaced by
  A."invented".
  B."formed".
  C."shaped".
  D."discussed".

  第二篇

Kobe Bryant

  After 10 seasons wearing the No 8 on his back,Kobe Bryant will become No 24 next season.The reason for the surprising decision by the Los Angeles Lakers super guard last week has become a hot topic for debate.

  Bryant wore No 24 when he was in early high school,but he changed to No 33 in his senior year.He switched to No 8 when he was selected by the Lakers in 1996,and has not been changed since.

  Bryant has refused to explain the decision until the end of the play-offs(季后赛).So guessing Bryant's motive has become a popular game among NBA fans and newspaper columnists(专栏作家).

  There are all kinds of speculations.Many say that Bryant wants to leave the past behind and have a fresh start.He has often been criticized for playing to benefit himself and not the team as a whole.Others say that he may be trying to compare himself to Michael Jordan.Jordan was famous for his No 23 jersey(运动衫).Some,such as NBC Sport columnist Michael Ventre,argue that it is"all about money".Bryant will make more money by selling new jerseys to his fans.

  Some speculations are more about fun.For example,there is an opinion that Kobe is actually just a diehard(非常执著的)fan of the popular TV drama "24".

  All this talk has turned the number change into a major issue.It seems that there is a lot of fuss(大惊小怪)over something that should be pretty simple.

  Jersey numbers have their own special significance in American sports,especially basketball.Players choose their number when they join a team and they usually stick with that number for the rest of their career.When a great player retires,his team will honor him by retiring his number.

  To some extent,the jersey is the player,and the player is the jersey.Thus,when you see the famous No 23 for the Chicago Bulls,you immediately think about Michael Jordan.A No 32 Miami Heats jersey recalls the image of Shaquille O'Neal,and the Houston Rockets' No 11 belongs only to Yao Ming.

  Lots of stories are behind players' jersey number selections.Jordan said that he chose No 23 because it was roughly half of 45.Jordan's elder brother wore the No 45 in college.Yao Ming once revealed that the No 11 stands for two people in love-meaning him and his girlfriend Ye Li.

  36.Which team has Bryant played for?
  A.The Los Angeles Lakers.
  B.The Houston Rockets.
  C.The Chicago Bulls.
  D.The Miami Heats.

  37.How long has Bryant been wearing No 8?
  A.Since he started to play basketball.
  B.For ten seasons.
  C.Since he entered high school.
  D.Since he left the Lakers.

  38.Which of the following is NOT a speculation about Bryant's motive to change his number,according to this passage?
  A.He wants to leave his past behind and have a fresh start.
  B.He wants to compare himself to Jordan.
  C.He wants to earn more money.
  D.He wants to show that he is a man of great importance.

  39.Why did Jordan choose No 23?
  A.Because that number would make him famous.
  B.Because that number would make his fans miss him.
  C.Because that number was related to the number his brother once wore.
  D.Because that number was easy to remember.

  40.What does the number Yao Ming chose stand for?
  A.Two long legs.
  B.Two strong arms.
  C.Two people in love.
  D.Two big countries.

  第三篇

Trying to Find a Parther

  One of the most striking findings of a recent poll  in the UK is that of the people inbterviewed,one in two believes that it is becoming more difficult to meet someone to start a family with.

  Why are many finding it increasingly difficult to start and sustain intimate relationships?Does modern life really make it harder to fall in love?Or are we making it harder for ourselves?

  It is certainly the case today that contemporary couples benefit in different ways from relationships.Women no longer rely upon partners for economic security or status.A man doesn't expect his spouse to be  in sole charge of running his household and raising his children.

  But perhaps the knowledge that we can live perfectly well without a partnership means  that it takes much more to persuade people to abandon their independence.

  In theory,finding a partner should be much simpler these days.Only a few generations ago,your choice of soulmate (心上人) was constrained(限制) by geography,social convention and family  tradition.Although it was never explicit,many marriages were essentially  arranged.

  Now those barriers have been broken down.You can approach a builder or a brain surgeon  in any bar in any city on any given evening.When the world is your oyster (牡蛎),you surely have a better chance of finding a pearl.

  But it seems that the old conventions have been replaced by an even tighter constraint:the tyranny of choice.

  The expectations of partners are inflated(提高) to an unmanageable degree:good looks,impressive salary,kind to grandmother,and right socks.There is no room for error in the first impression.

  We think that a relationship can be perfect.If it isn't,it is disposable.We work to protect ourselves against future heartache and don't put in the hard emotional labor needed to build a strong relationship.Of course,this is complicated by realities.The cost of housing and child-rearing creates pressure to have a stable income and career before a life partnership.

  41.What does the recent poll show?
  A.It is getting more difficult for a woman to find her husband.
  B.It is getting increasingly difficult to start a familyl.
  C.It is getting more difficult for a man to find his wife.
  D.It is  getting increasingly difficult to develop an intimate relationship with your spouse.

  42.Which of the following is NOT true about a contemporary married couple?
  A.The wife doesn't have to raise the children all by herself.
  B.The husband doesn't have to support the family all by himself.
  C.The wife is no longer the only person to manage the household.
  D.They will receive a large sum of money from the govemment.

  43.Which of the following was NOT a constraint on one's choice of soulmate in the old days?
  A.The health condition of his or her grandmother.
  B.The geographical environment.
  C.The social convention.
  D.The family tradition.

  44.Which of the following is NOT expected of a partner according to this passage?
  A.Good looks.
  B.An impressive career.
  C.A high salary.
  D.A fine sense  of humor.

  45.The word"sustain"(paragraph 2)could be best replaced by
  A."reduce".
  B."shake".
  C."maintain".
  D."weaken".

  第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

A Heroic Woman

  The whole of the United States cheered its latest hero,Ashley Smith,with the Federal Bureau of lnvestigation saying it was planning to give a big reward to her for having a brave heart and wise mind.

  (46)She was moving into her apartment in Atlanta,Georgia early on the morning of March 12,when a man followed her to her door and put a gun to her side."I started walking to my door,and I felt really,really afraid,"she said in a TV interview last week.The man was Brian Nichols,33.He was suspected of killing three people at an Atlanta courthouse(法院)on March 11 and later of killing a federal agent.(47)

  Nichols tied Smith up with tape,but released her after she repeatedly begged him not to take her life."I told him if he hurt me,my little girl wouldn't have a mummy,"she  said.In order to calm the man down,she read to him from"The Purpose-Driven Life",a best-selling religious book.He asked her to repeat a paragraph"about what you thought your purpose in life was-what talents were you given."(48)

  "I basically just talked to him and tried to gain his trust,"Smith said.

  Smith said she asked Nichols why he chose her."He said he thought I was an angel sent from God,and we were Christian sister and brogher,"she said."And that he was lost,and that God led him to me to tell him that he had hurt a lot of peopole."(49)She said Nichols was surprised when she made him breakfast and that the two of them watched television coverage(报道)of the police hunt for him."I cannot believe that's me,"Nichols told the woman.Then,Nichols asked Smith what she thought he should do.She said,"I think you should turn yourself in.If you don't,lots more people are going to get hurt."

  Eventually,he let her go.(50)A US$60,000 reward had been posted for Nichols' capture.Authorities said they did not yet know if Smith would be eligible(有资格的)for that money.

  A The local police were searching for him.
  B Smith is a 26-year-old single mother with a daughter.
  C Smith tried very hard to kill Nichols.
  D She even cooked breakfast for the man before he allowed her to leave.
  E And the two of them discussed this topic.
  F Then she called the police.

  第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

Hitchhiking(搭车旅游)

  When I was in my teens(十几岁)and 20s,hitchhiking was a main form of long-distance transport.The kindness or curiosity of strangers(51)me all over Europe,North America,Asia and southern Africa.Some of the lift-givers became friends,many provided hospitality(52)the road.

  Not only did you find out much more about a country than(53)traveling by train or plane,but also there was that element of excitement about where you would finish up that night.Hitchhiking featured importantly in Western culture.It has books and songs about it.So what has happened to (54)?

  A few years ago,I asked the same question about hitchhiking in a column on a newspaper.(55)of people from all over the world responded with their view on the state of hitchhiking.

  "If there is a hitchhiker's (56)it must be lran,"came one reply.Rural lreland was recommended as a friendly place for hitchhiking,(57)was Quebec,Canada-"if you don't mind being berated(严厉指责)for not speaking French."

  But while hitchhiking was clearly still alive and well in many parts of the world,the (58)feeling was that throughout much of the west it was doomed(消亡).

  With so much news about crime in the media,people assumed that anyone on the open road without the money for even a bus ticket must present a danger.But do we(59)to be so wary both to hitchhike and to give a lift?

  In Poland in the 1960s,(60)a Polish woman who e-mailed me,"the authorities introduced the Hitchhiker's Booklet.The booklet contained coupons for drivers,so each time a driver(61)somebody,he or she received a coupon.At the end of the season,(62)who had picked up the most hikers were rewarded with various prizes.Everybody was hitchhiking then."

  Surely this is a good idea for society.Hitchhiking would increase respect by breaking down(63)between strangers.It would help fight(64)warming by cutting down on fuel consumption as hitchhikers would be using existing fuels.It would also improve eductional standards by delivering instant(65)in geography,history,politics and sociology.

  51.A.made B.took C.traveled D.crossed
  52.A.above B.overC.atD.on
  53.A.when    B.after   C.before   D.until
  54.A.the books  B.them   C.it     D.the songs
  55.A.Hundreds  B.Hundred  C.Thousand  D.Dozen
  56.A.sky     B.space  C.map    D.heaven
  57.A.like     B.as    C.for     D.since
  58.A.big     B.large   C.general   D.little
  59.A.have to   B.must   C.should   D.need
  60.A.according to B.owing to C.due to   D.with respect to
  61.A.sent    B.picked up C.selected  D.brought
  62.A.passengers B.hikers   C.drivers   D.strangers
  63.A.fences   B.barriers  C.gaps    D.stones
  64.A.global   B.total   C.entire    D.whole
  65.A.discussions B.debates  C.consultations D.lessons

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