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06年全国职称英语等级考试试卷(理工类C级)

2007-04-02 17:16  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

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  1.本试卷代码为“111”,请将此代码填涂在答题卡“试卷代码”相应的栏目内;否则,无法评分。

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  3.全卷65题,连续编号,共100分。请按题号在答题卡上将所选 选 项对应的字母用2B铅笔涂黑。

  在试卷上作答无效。

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每 题1分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近选项。

  1 She was close to success.

  A.fast
  B.quick
  C.near
  D.tight

  2 The two girls look alike.

  A.beautiful
  B.similar
  C.pretty
  D.attractive

  3 The boy is intelligent

  A.clever
  B.naughty
  C.difficult
  D.active

  4 Everybody was glad to see Mary back.

  A.sorry
  B.sad
  C.angry
  D.happy

  5 What is your goal in life?

  A.plan
  B.aim
  C.arrangement
  D.idea

  6 Jack was dismissed.

  A.fired
  B.fined
  C.exhausted
  D.criticized

  7 John is crazy about pop music

  A.sorry
  B.mad
  C.concerned
  D.worried

  8 It is the movement not the color, of objects that excites the bull.

  A.frightens
  B.scares
  C.arouses
  D.confuses

  9 It is highly unlikely that she will arrive today

  A.probably
  B.very
  C.hardly
  D.possibly

  10 I am feeling a lot more healthy than I was

  A.many
  B.no
  C.much
  D.some

  11 Since ancient times people have found various ways to preserve meat

  A.eat
  B.cook
  C.freeze
  D.keep

  12 We packed up the things we had accumulated (积累) over the last three years and left.

  A.late
  B.recent
  C.past
  D.final

  13 The expedition reached the summit at 10:30 that morning

  A.bottom of the mountain
  B.foot of the mountain
  C.top of the mountain
  D.starting point

  14 There is always excitement at the Olympic Games when an athlete breaks a previous record of performance

  A.beats
  B.destroys
  C.maintains
  D.defends

  15 The president proposed that we should bring the meeting to a close.

  A.stated
  B.said
  C.suggested
  D.announced

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提 供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

  Earthquake

  How does an earthquake start?

  What makes an earthquake happen? The rock of the earth's crust (地壳) may have a

  'fault', a kind of break in the surface. The blocks which make up the earth move, and sometimes this may cause the sides of the fault to move up and down or lengthways (纵向地) against each other. When one piece of rock starts to rub on another with great force, a lot of energy is used. “l-his energy is changed into vibrations (振动) and it is these vibrations that we feel as an earthquake. The vibrations can travel thousands of kilometers and so an earthquake in Turkey may be felt in Greece.

  What to do during an earthquake?

  At school

  As soon as the earthquake starts, students should get under the desks immediately and wait until the teacher tells them it is safe to come out. The teacher should, at the same time, go immediately to the teacher's desk, get underneath (在……下面) it and stay there till the danger is over. Students must not argue with the teacher or question instructions.

  As soon as the tremors (震动) stop, all students should walk towards the exit and go straight to the school playground or any open space such as a square or a park. They must wait there until the teacher tells them it is sale to go.

  At home

  If you are at home when the earthquake occurs, get immediately under the table in the living room or kitchen. Choose the biggest and strongest table you can find. You must not go anywhere near the window and don't go out onto the balcony (阳台)。 Once the tremors have stopped, you can come out from under the table, but you must leave the building straight away. You should walk down the stairs and should not use the lift - there may be a power cut as a result of the earthquake and you could find yourself trapped inside the lift for hours.

  In the street

  If you are in the street when the earthquake takes place, do not stand near buildings, fences or walls - move away as quickly as possible and try to find a large open space to wait in. Standing under trees could also be dangerous.

  16 People knew long ago how an earthquake starts

  A.Right
  B.Wrong
  C.Not mentioned

  17 Thousands of people were killed during an earthquake in Turkey.

  A.Right
  B.Wrong
  C.Not mentioned

  18 As soon as an earthquake occurs, students should leave the building

  A.Right
  B.Wrong
  C.Not mentioned

  19 Students should go to the school playground or an open space once the tremors stop.

  A.Right
  B.Wrong
  C.Not mentioned

  20 If you are at home when an earthquake occurs, stand near a big table

  A.Right
  B.Wrong
  C.Not mentioned

  21 The best way to leave the building during an earthquake is to get into a lift

  A.Right
  B.Wrong
  C.Not mentioned

  22 If you are in the street when an earthquake occurs, stay in a large open space

  A.Right
  B.Wrong
  C.Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每 题1分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段1选择个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

  Teach Your Child Science

  1 It is important to make your child interested in science from an early age. Most young children ask a lot of questions and you should give careful scientific answers. Don't only give facts, but try to give explanations as well.

  2 Science is not just knowledge; it is a way of thinking, a method of finding out about the world. We see something. We try to explain it, and we test our idea by setting up an experiment. One day you come home and find the plant on the table has fallen over. You think it might be the wind from the open window or the cat, so you close the window, but leave the cat in and see what happens (you can also try leaving the window open and shutting the cat out)。 Of course, you remember there may be a third explanation.

  3 Ask your child to get a piece of string, some salt, a glass of water and an ice cube (冰块)。 Tell her to put the ice in the water, and then put one end of the string on the ice, leaving the other end over the side of the glass. Put a little salt on the ice. Wait a minute, and then pull the string; it should be attached to the ice. Ask the child: “what has happened?”

  4 Probably she won't know. Ask her whether fresh water or salt water freezes into ice first. If you live near the sea and have a cold winter, she should know fresh water freezes first as she will have seen that happen. Show her how to test the idea by half-filling two paper cups with water, adding salt to one. Then put them in the icebox and check every three minutes. Write the results in a table. The conclusion will be that salt changes the behaviour of water. 'Thinking about the string, we see the salt turned some of the ice into water. Then the salt went away into the water and the ice froze again leaving the string attached.

  5 Then you can ask, “Will water with salt boil at the same temperature as water without salt?” She can think, tell you her idea and (taking care because of the heat) you can test it in the kitchen.

  23 Paragraph 1     .

  24 Paragraph 2     .

  25 Paragraph 3     .

  26 Paragraph 4     .

  A.What exactly is science?
  B.How do you find an explanation?
  C.What topics do you need?
  D.How do you answer your child's questions?
  E.Where does your child study science?
  F.How do you set up the experiment on salt and water?

  27 When your child asks you questions, you should give her     

  28 We set up experiments to test our ideas about     

  29 In the experiment, one end of the string was attached to     

  30 The experiment shows that salt changes the behaviour of     

  A.the icebox
  B.the ice
  C.scientific answers
  D.the experiment
  E.the world
  F.water

  第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题定1个最佳选项。

  The Clock That Wake You When You Are Ready

  Are you a real grump (脾气坏的人) in the mornings? Do you wake up every day feeling tired, angry and upset, and all too ready to flit the snooze (瞌睡) button? If so, then a new alarm clock could be just for you.

  The clock, called SleepSmart, measures your sleep cycle, and waits for you to be in your lightest phase of sleep before waking you up, Its makers say that should ensure you wake up feeling refreshed (恢复精力) every morning.

  As you sleep you pass through a sequence of sleep states - light sleep, deep sleep and REM sleep (快速眼动睡眼) - that repeats approximately every 90 minutes. The points in that cycle at which you wake can affect how you feel later, and may even have a greater impact than how long or little you have slept. Being wakened during a light phase means you are more likely to wake up cheerful and full of life and interest.

  SleepSmart records the distinct pattern of brain waves produced during each phase of sleep, via a headband equipped with electrodes (电极) and a microprocessor. This measures electric activity of the wearer's brain, and communicates wirelessly with a clock unit near the bed. You program the clock with the latest time at which you want to be wakened, and it then at the proper time wakes you during the last light sleep phase before that.

  The concept was invented by a group of students at Brown University in Rhode

  Island after a friend complained of waking up tired and performing poorly on a test. “As sleep-deprived (剥夺) people ourselves, we started thinking of what to do about it,” says Eric Shashoua, a recent college graduate and now chief executive officer of Axon Sleep Research Laboratories, a company created by the students to develop their idea. They have almost finished a prototype and plan to market the product by next year.

  31 SleepSmart is a clock that

  A.enables you to go to sleep.
  B.enables you to sleep deeply.
  C.enables you to get up early.
  D.wakes you up during your last light sleep phase

  32 As you sleep, the headband

  A.analyses your sleep cycle every 90 minutes.
  B.records the time when you fall into deep sleep.
  C.communicates wirelessly with a computer,
  D.measures the electric activity of your brain.

  33 What should the sleeper do to make the device work?

  A.He should press the snooze button in time,
  B.He should turn on the microprocessor in the clock.
  C.He should set the latest time for waking up.
  D.He should adjust his headband.

  34 The idea of making such a clock was developed by a group of

  A.students at Brown University.
  B.teachers at Brown University.
  C.sleep-deprived scientists.
  D.former engineers at Axon Sleep Research Laboratories.

  35 The word “prototype” (paragraph 5) means

  A.“form”。
  B.“model”。
  C.“brand”。
  D.“cycle”。

  第二篇

Too Late to Regret It

  When I was a junior, I met a second-year student in my department. He wasn't tall or good-looking, but he was very nice, attractive and athletic. He had something that I admired very much. He was natural, warm, and sincere.

  I disregarded (不顾) my parents' disapproval. We were very happy together. He picked me up from my dorm every morning, and after class we would sit alongside the stream that ran through campus, or sunbathe (晒太阳) on the lawn. At night he would walk me back to my dorm. He came from a poor family, but in order to make me happy, he borrowed money from his friend to buy presents and meals for me. Our fellow students looked up to him as a role model, and the girls envied (妒忌) me. He wasn't a local, but wanted to stay here after graduation. I thought we had a future together.

  However, when I got a part-time job during the summer vacation, people began giving me a lot of pressure, saying that a pretty, intelligent girl like me should find a better guy to spend time with. This was also what my family thought. He spent the summer in his hometown, so I was all by myself. When he got back, I began finding fault with him. But his big heart and warmth soon drove all unpleasant thoughts away. However, I had no idea how badly I had hurt him and that things would get worse.

  I had a good part-time job off campus that paid pretty well. With my good performance at school, I also got admission to graduate school at one of China's best universities. He, on the other hand, did not do so well at school or at work. I had to worry about his living expenses, job and scores.

  Almost all my colleagues and friends advised me to break up with him. Then we had a quarrel last June~ He was in great pain, and my cold words and bad moods started turning him away.

  Graduation time was drawing near, and he said he wanted to go back to his hometown. He said that he couldn't put up with me anymore. I was shocked and looked at him in despair.

  True love happens only once, but I found it out too late.

  36 When did the author fall in love with the boy?

  A.After she had a quarrel with him.
  B.When she was a junior.
  C.When she was a second-year student.
  D.After she found a part-time job.

  37 What did he do to make her happy?

  A.He studied much harder.
  B.He often took her for a ride.
  C.He always endured her insults.
  D.He often bought her presents and meals.

  38 Who advised her to break up with him?

  A.His parents.
  B.Her teachers.
  C.Her colleagues and friends.
  D.Their fellow students.

  39 Why did he leave her?

  A.Because he could no longer bear her.
  B.Because he hated her.
  C.Because his parents needed taking care of
  D.Because he wasn't a local.

  40 Upon learning that he would leave her, she was

  A.very happy.
  B.extremely joyful.
  C.quite relieved.
  D.in great pain.

  第三篇

Recycling Around the World

  Recycling is one of the best environmental success stories of the late 20th century. But we could do more. People must not see recycling as fashionable, but essential.

  The Japanese are very good at recycling because they live in a crowded country~

  They do not have much space. They do not want to share their limited space with rubbish

  But even so, Tokyo area alone is estimated to have three million tons of leftover rubbish at present.

  In 1996, the United States recycled and composted (制成肥料) 57 million tons of waste (27% of the nation's solid waste)。 This is 57 million tons of waste which did not go into landfills and incinerators (焚化炉)。 In doing this, 7,000 rubbish collection programmes and recycling centres helped the authorities.

  In Rockford, a city in Illinois, US, its officials choose one house each week and check its garbage (废物)。 If the garbage does not contain an newspapers or aluminium (铝) cans, then the resident of the house gets a prize of at least $1,000.

  In Japan, certain cities give children weekly supplies of tissue paper and toilet paper in exchange for a weekly collection of newspapers.

  In one year Britain recycles:

  · 1 out of every 3 newspapers.

  · 1 out of every 4 glass bottles and jars (罐子)。

  · 1 out of every 4 items of clothing.

  · 1 out of every 3 aluminium drink cans.

  In 1999, Hong Kong transported 1.3 million tons of waste to mainland China for recycling. Around 535,000 tons of waste were recycled in Hong Kong itself.

  Over half the things we throw away could be recycled. That means we could recycle

  10 times as much as we do now.

  However, recycling needs a lot of organisation and special equipment. Also, there is not much use for some recycled material.

  41 Which of the following is NOT true of the Japanese?

  A.They have recycled all their waste.
  B.They live in a crowded country.
  C.They are very good at recycling.
  D.They have to share their limited space with rubbish.

  42 How much waste did the US recycle in 1996?

  A.1.3 million tons.
  B.27 million tons.
  C.53 million tons.
  D.57 million tons.

  43 Where can people get a big prize for contributing to recycling?

  A.Tokyo.
  B.Rockford.
  C.Hong Kong.
  D.London.

  44 In Japan, the newspapers collected by children

  A.are given to poor people.
  B.are used as reading materials.
  C.are recycled.
  D.are used as prizes.

  45 Which of the following is NOT true of Britain?

  A.It recycles 1 out of every 3 newspapers each year.
  B.It recycles 1 out of every 4 glass bottles and jars each year
  C.It recycles 1 Out of every 4 items of clothing each year.
  D.It recycles 1 out of every 3 aluminium cans each year.

  第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)

  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

Mind Those Manners on the Subway

  So, there you are, just sitting there in the subway car, enjoying that book you just bought     (46) Or, the person sitting next to you takes out a nail clipper (指甲刀) and begins cutting his or her nails.

  Annoying? Many of us have to spend some time every day on public transportation     (47) So, to make the trip more pleasant, we suggest the following:

  Let passengers get off the bus or subway car before you can get on     48)

  Stand away from the doors when they are closing

  Don't talk loudly on a bus or subway. Chatting loudly with your friends can be annoying to others.      (49)

  Don't think your bags and suitcases (手提箱) deserve a seat of their own.

  Use a tissue whenever you cough or sneeze (打喷嚏)。 An uncovered sneeze can spread germs (细菌), especially in crowded places.

  Don't cut your nails or pick your nose on public transportation.

  Don't read over other people's shoulder     (50) It can make people uncomfortable. They might think you're too stingy (小气的) even to buy a newspaper. Or they might think you're judging their behavior

  A.Don't eat food in your car.
  B.Don't shout into your mobile phone on a bus or subway.
  C.We all know that some behaviors are simply unacceptable
  D.Many people do this on subways, but it's really annoying
  E.Getting off and on in an orderly manner can save time for all.
  F.Suddenly, you feel someone leaning over your shoulder reading along with you

  第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

Vibrating Rubber Cellphones

  Vibrating rubber cellphones could be the next big thing in mobile communications. They allow people to press the phone 1:o transmit vibrations along with their      (51) words. According to a research team at the MIT Media Lab in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the idea will make      (52) more fun.

  Many mobile phones can already vibrate instead of ringing      (53) you do not want people to know you are getting a call. But these      (54) are too simple for subtle (敏感的) communication,     (55) Angela Chang of the lab's Tangible Media Group. “They're either on or off,” she says.

  But when you hold Chang's rubber cellphone, your fingers and thumb wrap around five      (56) speakers. They vibrate      (57) your skin around 250 times per second. Beneath these speakers sit pressure sensors (传感器), so you can transmit vibration as well as      (58) it. When you squeeze with a finger, a vibration signal is transmitted      (59) your caller's corresponding finger, its speed      (60) on how hard you squeeze.

  Chang says that within a few minutes of being given the phones, students were using the vibration feature to      (61) emphasis to what they were saying. Over time, people even began to transmit their own kind of ad hoc (特别的)“Morse code”, which they would repeat back to show they were      (62) what the other person was saying.

  Chang thinks “vibralanguages” could function for the same      (63) as texting: sometimes people want to communicate      (64) without everyone nearby knowing what they're saying. “And     (65) actually being able to shake someone's hand when you close a business deal,” she says.

  51 A.taken B.mixed C.spoken D.broken

  52 A.phoning B.touching C.working D.asking

  53 A.since B.where C.though D.when

  54 A.vibrations B.instructions C.texts D.callings

  55 A.answers B.says C.interrupts D.tells

  56 A.loud B.native C.tiny D.large

  57 A.on B.above C.over D.against

  58 A.using B.turning C.receiving D.sending

  59 A.for B.to C.from D.with

  60 A.depends B.bases C.puts D.focuses

  61 A.change B.add C.switch D.shift

  62 A.controlling B.asking C.discussing D.following

  63 A.fact B.plan C.reason D.trip

  64 A.something  B.anything C.nothing D.thing

  65 A.look B.imagine C.suppose D.assume 

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