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2006年职称英语等级考试试卷-卫生类(B级)(试题)

2007-04-10 14:41  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近选项。

  1 She was close to success.

  A fast B quick

  C near D tight

  2 The two girls look alike.

  A beautiful B similar

  C pretty D attractive

  3 The boy is intelligent.

  A clever   B naughty

  C difficult  D active

  4 Everybody was glad to see Mary back.

  A sorry B sad

  C angry D happy

  5 What is your goal in life?

  A plan B aim

  C arrangement D idea

  6 Jack is a diligent student……

  A hardworking B ambitious

  C lazy D slow

  7 Mary said mildly that she was just curious.

  A gently  B shyly

  C weakly  D wildly

  8 Practically all animals communicate through sounds

  A Clearly B Almost

  C Absolutely D Basically

  9 The story was very touching

  A inspiring  B boring

  C moving    D absorbing

  10 I wasn't qualified for the job really, but I got it anyhow.

  A somehow B anyway

  C anywhere D somewhere

  11 She was a puzzle.

  A girl    B woman

  C problem  D mystery

  12 Her speciality is heart surgery.

  A region  B site

  C field  D platform

  13 France has kept intimate links with its former African territories

  A friendly  B private

  C strong   D secret

  14 You should have blended the butter with the sugar thoroughly.

  A spread  B mixed

  C beaten  D covered

  15 The industrial revolution modified the whole structure of English society.

  A destroyed  B broke

  C smashed   D changed

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提 供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C.

Health Care in the US

  Health care in the US is well-known but very expensive. Paying the doctor's bill after a major illness or accident can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars.
  In the US, a person's company, not the government, pays for health insurance.
Employers have contracts with insurance companies, which pay for all or part of employees' doctors' bills.
The amount that the insurance company will pay out to a patient differs wildly. It all depends on what insurance the employer pays. The less the boss pays to the insurance company, the more the employee has to pay the hospital each time he or she gets sick. In 2004, the average worker paid an extra US$558 a year, according to a San Francisco report.

  The system also means many Americans fall through the cracks (遭遗漏)。 In 2004, only 61 per cent of the population received health insurance through their employers, according to the report. The unemployed, self-employed, part-time workers and graduated students with no jobs were not included.

Most US university students have a gap between their last day of school and their first day on the job. Often, they are no longer protected by their parents' insurance because they are now considered independent adults. They also cannot buy university health insurance because they are no longer students.

  Another group that falls through the gap of the US system is international students. All are required to have health insurance and cannot begin their classes without it. But exact policies (保险单) differ from school to school.

Most universities work with health insurance companies and sell their own standard plan for students. Often, buying the school plan is required, but luckily it's also cheaper than buying direct from the insurance company.

  16 In the US, a person's company buys him or her health insurance

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  17 All employees in the US have the same kind of health insurance.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  18 In 2004, most of the unemployed in the US were women.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  19 In the US, graduated students with no jobs can buy university health insurance

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  20 All international students in the US have to buy health insurance

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  21 The international students in the US work harder than the American students

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  22 The health care system_ in the US takes care of everyone in the country.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每 题1分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段1选择个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

Breaking the News about Your Diagnosis

  1 When I was diagnosed with breast cancer nearly a year ago, I found myself at a loss for words at first. Over time, however, I developed some pointers (点子), which I hope will help others.

  2 During the first few weeks of emotional "aftershocks" (余悸) from the diagnosis, I found myself unable to utter the word "cancer". Still, I wanted to share the news with my relatives and friends who already knew that I'd had a biopsy (活检) and were anxiously awaiting my telephone call. I did the best I could, which is all anyone can do in this situation. When I called them, I said, "What we feared has happened." They immediately knew what I meant.

  3 Nearly a year after my diagnosis, I find myself more comfortable telling people "I was diagnosed with cancer" instead of saying "I have cancer." On some deep level, I don't want to "own" this illness. Choose language that suits you when you share your new. And keep in mind that there is no one "right" way of doing this.

  4 Most people, after hearing your announcement, will be curious about the next step.

  They may wonder if you will be undergoing radiation therapy (诊疗) and/or chemotherapy (化疗)。 They may wonder where and when you will have surgery. Answer their questions as best you can, but keep in mind that "I don't know right now" or "I'm still in too much shock to think about that" are good answers.

  5 Wait until the initial wave of strong emotions has passed before telling the children in your life. Don't overwhelm (使不知所措) very young children with too much information. Assure them that, even if you will be in the hospital for a while, they will see you every day and they will be cared for. Older children may already fear the word "cancer", so be prepared to reassure them. Emphasize the positive steps that doctors will be taking to treat your illness.

  23 Paragraph 2      
  24 Paragraph 3      
  25 Paragraph 4      
  26 Paragraph 5      

  A Break the news as calmly as possible to children

  B Break the news at your own pace

  C Share the good news with your friends

  D Choose language that suits you

  E Follow your doctor's advice

  F Be prepared for people's curiosity

  27 You can break the news about your diagnosis without saying()。

  28 When breaking the news about your diagnosis, you can have()。

  29 After hearing about your diagnosis, people will ask questions()。

  30 Very young children won't feel comfortable()。

  A your own choice of words

  B the word "cancer"

  C the positive steps

  D about the next step

  E on too many answers

  F with too much information

  第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题定1个最佳选项。

  Happy Therapy (诊疗)

  Norman Cousins was a businessman from the United States who often traveled around the world on business. He enjoyed his work and traveling.
  Then, after returning to the United States from a busy and tiring trip to Russia, Mr. Cousins got sick. Because he had pushed his body to the limit of its strength on the trip, a chemical change began to take place inside him. The material between his bones became weak.
In less than one week after his return, he could not stand. Every move that he made was painful. He was not able to sleep at night.
  The doctors told Mr. Cousins that they did not know how to cure his problems and he might never get over the illness. Mr. Cousins, however, refused to give up hope.
  Mr. Cousins thought that unhappy thoughts were causing bad chemical changes in his body. He did not want to take medicine to cure himself. Instead, he felt that happy thoughts or laughter might cure his illness.
  He began to experiment on himself while still in the hospital by watching funny shows on television. Mr. Cousins quickly found that ten minutes of real laughter during the day gave him two hours of pain-free sleep at night,
  Deciding that the doctors could not help him, Mr. Cousins left the hospital and checked into a hotel room where he could continue his experiments with laughter. For eight days, Mr. Cousins rested in the hotel room watching funny shows on television, reading funny books, and sleeping whenever he felt tired. Within three weeks, he felt well enough to take a v  acation to Puerto Rico where he began running on the beach for exercise.
  After a few months, Mr. Cousins returned to work. He had laughed himself back to health.

  31 Mr. Cousins got sick after returning from

  A a busy trip to the US.

  B a tiring trip to Russia.

  C a trip around the world.

  D a trip to Puerto Rico.

  32 How did the doctors respond to Mr. Cousins' illness?

  A They promised to cure him.

  B They didn't think he was really sick.

  C They told him not to give up hope.

  D They said they were unable to help him in any way,

  33 Mr. Cousins attributed the bad chemical changes in his body to

  A unhappy thoughts.

  B a severe illness.

  C weak bones.

  D too much sleep.

  34 What didn't Mr. Cousins do in his experiments with laughter?

  A Watch funny TV shows.

  B Read funny books.

  C Sleep whenever he felt tired.

  D Take medicine.

  35 Mr. Cousins cured his own illness

  A by laughing at others.

  B by acting in funny shows.

  C by taking a happy therapy.

  D by writing funny stories.

  第二篇 Forty May Be the New 30 As Scientists Redefine Age

  Is 40 really the new 30? In many ways people today act younger than their parents did at the same age.
Scientists have defined a new age concept and believe it could explain why populations are aging, but at the same time seem to be getting younger.
  Instead of measuring aging by how long people have lived, the scientists have factored in how many more years people can probably still look forward to.
  "Using that measure, the average person can get younger in the sense that he or she can have even more years to live as time goes on," said Warren Sanderson of the University of New York in Stony Brook.

  He and Sergei Scherbov of the Vienna lnstitute of Demography (人口统计学) at the Austrian (奥地利的) Academy of Sciences, have used their method to estimate how the proportion of elderly people in Germany, Japan and the United States will change in the future.

  The average German was 39.9 years old in 2000 and could plan to live for another 39.2 years, according to research reported in the journal Nature on Wednesday.
  However, by 2050 the average German will be 51.9 years old and will be expected to live another 37.1 years. So middle age in 2050 would occur at around 52 years instead of 40 years as in 2000.
  "As people have more and more years to live they have to save more and plan more and they effectively are behaving as if they were younger," said Sanderson.
  Five years ago, the average American was 35.3 years old and could plan for 43.5 more years of life. By 2050, the researchers estimate it will increase to 41.7 years and 45.8 future years.
  "A lot of our ski/Is, our education, our savings and the way we dear with our health care depend a great deal on how many years we have to live," said Sanderson.
  This dimension of how many years people have to live has been completely ignored in the discussion of aging so far.

  36 People 40 years of age today seem to be as young as

  A their parents were at the same age.

  B their parents were at the age of 30.

  C their children will be at the same age.

  D their children will be at the age of 30.

  37 The new age concept was developed out of the notion of

  A "future years".

  B "average years".

  C "past years".

  D "school years".

  38 In 2000, middle age for the average German occurred

  A at 37.1 years.

  B at 40 years.

  C at 39.2 years.

  D at 52 years.

  39 By 2050, the average American will live to

  A the age of 41.7.

  B the age of 45.8.

  C the age of 78.8.

  D the age of 87.5.

  40 Which is NOT affected by the number of years we have to live?

  A Our education.

  B Our savings.

  C The way we handle our health care.

  D The number of years we have lived.

  第三篇        Is the Tie a Necessity?

  Ties, or neckties, have been a symbol of politeness and elegance in Britain for centuries. But the casual Prime Minister Tony Blair has problems with them. Reports suggest that even the civil servants may stop wearing ties. So, are the famously formal British really going to abandon the neckties?
Maybe. Last week, the UK's Cabinet Secretary Andrew Turnbull openly welcomed a tieless era. He hinted that civil servants would soon be free of the costliest 12 inches of fabric that most men ever buy in their lives.

  In fact, Blair showed this attitude when he had his first guests to a cocktail party. Many of them were celebrities (知名人士) without ties, which would have been unimaginable even in the recent past.

  For some more conservative British, the tie is a must for proper appearance. Earlier, Labor leader Jim Callaghan said he would have died rather than have his children seen in public without a tie. For people like Callaghan, the tic; was a sign of being complete, of showing respect. Men were supposed to wear a tie when going to church, to work in the office, to a party - almost every social occasion.
But today, people have begun to accept a casual style even for formal occasions.

  The origin of the tie is tricky. It started as something called simply a "band". The term could mean anything around a man's neck. It appeared in finer ways in the 1630s. Frenchmen showed a love of this particular fashion statement. Their neckwear (颈饰) impressed Charles II, the king of England who was exiled (流放) to France at that time. When he returned to England in 1660, he brought this new fashion item along with him.

  It wasn't, however, until the late 18th century that fancy young men introduced a more colorful, flowing piece of cloth that eventually became known as the tie. Then, clubs, military institutions and schools began to use colored and patterned ties to indicate the wearer's membership in the late 19th century. After that, the tie became a necessary item of clothing for British gentlemen.
But now, even gentlemen are getting tired of ties. Anyway, the day feels a bit easier when you wake up without having to decide which tie suits you and your mood.
  41 The tie symbolizes all of the following except

  A respect.

  B elegance,

  C politeness,

  D democracy.

  42 Why does Blair sometimes show up in a formal event without a tie?

  A Because he wants to make a show.

  B Because he wants to attract attention.

  C Because ties are costly.

  D Because he wants to live in a casual way.

  43 Which of the following is NOT a social occasion?

  A Going to church.

  B Going to work in the office.

  C Staying at home.

  D Going to a party.

  44 Who brought the Frenchmen's neckwear to Britain?

  A Tony Blair.

  B Charles II.

  C Jim Callaghan.

  D Andrew Turnbull.

  45 When did British gentlemen begin to wear ties regularly?

  A After the late 19th century.

  B In the 1630s.

  C In 1660.

  D In the late 18th century.

  第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)

  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

Female Bullfighti

  It was a unique, eye-catching sight: an attractive woman in a shiny bullfighter's suit, sword in hand, facing the sharp horns of a black, 500-kilograrn beast.

  Most people thought the days of female bullfighting were over in Spain(46)

  The first woman fighter, Cristina Sanchez, quit in 1999 because of male discrimination (歧视)。 But Vega is determined to break into what could be Spain's most resistant male field.(47)

  Spanish women have conquered almost all male professions(48) "The bull does not ask for your identity card," she said in an interview a few years ago, She insisted that she be judged for her skills rather than her femaleness.

  Vega became a matador (斗牛士) in 1997 in the southwestern city of Caceres(49) She entered a bullfighting school in Malaga at age nine and performed her first major bullfight at age 14. She has faced as much opposition as Sanchez did. And

  the "difficulties have made her grow into a very strong bullfighter," her brother Jorge says The 1.68-metre tall and somewhat shy Vega says her love of bullfighting does not make her any less of a woman(50)

  A She intends to become even better than Sanchez was

  B Her father was an aspiring (有雄心壮志的) bullfighter.

  C But many bullfighting professionals continue to insist that women do not have what it takes to perform the country's "national show"

  D "I'm a woman from head to toe and proud of it," she once said.

  E She looks like a male bullfighter.

  F But recently, 29-year-old Mari Paz Vega became the second woman in Spanish history to fight against those heavy animals

  第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。Staying

Active in Old Age Keeps People Mobile

  People over 70 who aren't active are more likely to develop problems walking or climbing stairs within a few years, according to a new study.
These findings suggest that it's very important to stay (51) in old age, study author Dr. Marjolein Visser told Reuters Health.

  "Physical activity in old age is as important(52) taking your medications(药物)," Visser noted. "You do not need to join an expensive, fancy sports club with high-tech (高科技的) equipment. Your body will already(53) from regular walking."

  Visser, a Dutch (荷兰的)scholar,explained that(54) active helps prevent people from becoming breathless during simple activities, increase muscle mass and strength, and maintain the balance people need to walk up stairs, for instance.

  To investigate how important exercise is to older adults, Visser's team interviewed 3,075 men and (55) between the ages of 70 and 79, all of whom said they had no problems walking one-quarter of a mile or climbing (56). The investigators followed the subjects for 4-1/2 years, noting who developed problems (57) and climbing stairs.
During the study, 34 percent of men and 47 (58) of women said they began to struggle with walking and climbing stairs. People (59) were inactive were twice as likely to report these problems as people who said they got regular exercise.

  People who didn't exercise but had active lifestyles appeared to be at a somewhat higher risk of developing (60) walking and climbing stairs, relative to people who exercised (61)。 Still,leading an active lifestyle appeared to protect people (62) problems better than being generally inactive, the researchers report in the Journal of the American Geriatrics (老年医学)Society.

  Among people who were inactive,(63)who walked even a little bit such as brisk (轻快的)walking for a little over an hour per week - were at a lower (64)of mobility (可动性) problems.

  "If you do not like to exercise or you cannot exercise (65) of serious health problems or functional limitations, do try to be as active as possible, " Visser advised.
  51 A young B new C still D active
  52 A than B so C as D to
  53 A suffer B benefit C result D start
  54 A looking B appearing C seeming D staying
  55 A children B people C women D youths
  56 A mountains B stairs C trees D walls
  57 A jumping B walking C running D jogging
  58 A percent B numbers C hundreds D dozens
  59 A which B whom C those D who
  60 A symptoms B issues C problems D chances
  61 A rarely B openly C exactly D regularly
  62 A from B into C on D of
  63 A these B that C few D those

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