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05年职称英语考试卫生类(C级)试卷(试题)

2007-04-17 15:58  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

  第1部分:词汇选项 (第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1 Our English teacher is sick

  A fat B weak

  C ill D mad

  2 Mary is looking for the book she lost yesterday

  A trying to find B trying to read

  C trying to buy D trying to borrow

  3 I rarely play basketball.

  A normally B seldom

  C frequently D usually

  4 My father is a physician

  A researcher B professor

  C doctor D student

  5 The Foreign Service is a branch of the Department of State.

  A center B division

  C root D base

  6 Please put up your hands if you have any questions.

  A raise B reach

  C wave D fold

  7 Man cannot exist without water.

  A expand B rise

  C live D quit

  8 Jean has made up her mind not to go to the meeting

  A tried B promised

  C decided D attempted

  9 This reminds me of lots of things.

  A much

  B some

  C big

  D many

  10 She will be very pleased to meet you.

  A angry B happy

  C sad D unwilling

  11 It is obvious that he will win the game.

  A likely B possible

  C clear D strange

  12 There is no risk to public health.

  A point B danger

  C chance D hope

  13 Did anyone call me when 1 was out?

  A invite B name

  C answer D phone

  14.It took us along time to mend the house.

  A build B destroy

  C design D repair

  15.I don't quite follow what she is saying

  A believe B understand

  C explain D accept

  第2部分:阅读判断 (第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。

  如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑:如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

  Breakfast

  Studies show that children who eat breakfast do better in school It doesn't take much further thought to believe that adults will feel better and perform better at work as well.Whether you work at home,on the farm,at the office,at school,or on the road,it is not a good idea to skip(故意略去)breakfast.

  If we don't eat breakfast.we are likely to become fired when our brains and bodies run low on fuel. By mid—morning,a lot of us grab a cup of coffee,or wolf down a sugary candy bar to wake up again.This might work for a few minutes,but by lunchtime we are hungry, bad—tempered,and perhaps our mood might make us a 1ittle more likely to make unhealthy choices at lunch.Eating a good breakfast sets the tone for the rest of the day.

  People who eat breakfast are generally more likely to maintain a healthy weight.Many people believe that they will lose weight if they skip meals,but that isn't a good idea.The body expects to be refueled a few times a day,so start with a healthy breakfast.

  A healthy breakfast should contain some protein(蛋白质)and some fiber(纤维).Protein can come from meat,eggs,beans,or soy(大豆).Fiber can be found in whole cereals(谷物),grains or in fruits.A good example of a healthy breakfast might be something simple like a hard boiled egg,an orange,and a bowl of whole grain cereal with soy milk.

  16 Adults who eat breakfast will perform better at work.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  17 It is okay to skip breakfast if you work at home.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  18 Men are more likely to skip breakfast than women.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  19 A person who skips breakfast is more likely to eat unhealthily at lunch

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  20 Skipping breakfast is a good strategy for losing weight

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  21 A simple breakfast cannot be a healthy breakfast

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  22 People who eat breakfast are seldom in a bad mood.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子 (第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第1—4段每殴选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Old Man Myths and Realities

  1 When does a middle-aged mall become an old man? Officially,of course.it't when we reach retirement age.But,as we all know, this is a fairly blunt(生硬的)method of decision making.As life expectancy(预期寿命)increases,retirement planning needs to be changed.This is because being an old mail today is very different from what it was a generation or so ago.

  2 Sixty—five is the new middle-aged man.These days people are talking about the young—old,that is ages 70-75.and those over 75 as the old-old.The young-old frequently continue in good health and maintain strong links with fiends and family, The old-old have a much higher chance of poor health and social isolation.

  3 Although men are living longer, there are still more old women than old men.This fact alone should arouse interest as to why.Relatively little is actually known about why this is the case or about the experiences of the old man.Sure, we are aware that the old man experiences anxiety,financial problems,loneliness,etc.but that't really about all we know.

  4 It is usually believed that the old man often complains about their health.In fact,most old man think their health is good even though most are diagnosed with at least one chronic illness.The physical health of the old man is strongly affected by their health behavior when they were younger.

  23 Paragraph 1_____

  24 Paragraph 2_____

  25 Paragraph 3_____

  26 Paragraph 4_____

  A New Definitions of the Old Man

  B Changing Concept of the Old Man

  C Health of the old Man

  D Happy Old Man And Sad Old Man

  E Limited Knowledge of the OId Mall's Experiences

  F Contempt for the Old Man

  27 Nowadays men generally live longer than_____

  28 A man in his mid-60s is now regarded as_____

  29 More research should be done on the experiences of_____

  30 Most old men consider themselves to be_____

  A in good health

  B in the past

  C in the wrong

  D the old man

  E a middle-aged man

  F a young man

  第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请根据文章的内容从每题所给的4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第一篇

  US States Do Poorly in Women's Health

  Not a single US state meets basic federal goals for women's health,and the nation as a whole fails except in two areas—mammograms(乳腺x光照片)and dental(牙齿的) check-ups—researchers said on Thursday

  Millions of women lack health insurance,and states make it difficult to enroll(加八)in Medicaid.the state-federal health insurance plan for the poor,according to the report.

  And few states are doing anywhere near enough to help women quit smoking——the leading cause of death in the United States

  “The nation as a whole and the individual states fall short of meeting national goals,”reads the report.put together by the National Women's Law Center and the Oregon Health&Science University.“These health goals provide a road map for assessing the status of women's health.”

  Of 27 measures examined by the group,from screening for diseases to actually treating them.the nation passes on only two,the researchers said“The nation is so far from the health goals that it receives an overall grade of‘unsatisfactory’,”they wrote.

  The problem seems to be a lack among states of an overall plan for health in general,the NWLC said.

  “State policy makers' piecemeal(一件一件做的)approach to our health care crisis has resulted in a complex and ineffective system that fails to meet the health care needs of women," Judy Waxman NWLC Vice President for Health,said in a statement.

  “Lawmakers need to take a comprehensive,long-term approach to meeting women‘s health needs and tackle this serious problem that troubles so many families.

  31 In which area is the nation successful?

  A Dental check-ups.

  B Health promotion.

  C Disease screening

  D Cancer treatment.

  32 Medicaid is a program aimed at helping

  A women.

  B the poor.

  C the old

  D children

  33 Which is America's number one killer?

  A Stress

  B Heart disease

  C Cancer

  D Smoking

  34 The national goals for women's health make it easier to

  A meet women's health needs

  B assess the status of women's health.

  C solve women's health problems

  D deal with the health care crisis

  35 Which approach was recommended by Judy Waxman?

  A The piecemeal approach

  B A state-federal approach

  C A comprehensive,long—term approach.

  D A complex approach.

  第二篇

  Saving Money

  Where you save your money often depends on what you are saving for.If you are saving to buy a CD(光盘)or to go to a concert,then probably you would keep your money somewhere in your room.

  If you ale saving for a big purchase like a mountain bike or a school trip,where would you save your money?

  One place to save money is the bank Putting your money in a savings account will help your money earn more money If you put your money in a piggy bank(猪形储蓄罐),one year later you'11 still have the same amount of money you put in.If you put your money in a savings account,one year later,you'll have more money than you put in Why?

  When you keep your money in a bank.your money earns interest. Interest is an amount of money a bank pays you to use your money The bank uses your money(and the money of other people,too)to loan money to people and businesses

  The bank will send you a statement several times a year.A bank statement tells you how much money you have in your account It also tells you how much interest you have earned If you leave your money in the bank,you can watch it grow! Another way you can save money is to buy a certificate of deposit or CD.If you have some money that you don't need to use for a long time,this is a good way to make your money grow.You Can buy a CD at a bank You agree not to use the money for a certain period of time That period might be from six months to five years.You can't touch your money during that time If you do,you must pay a penalty,or fee

  36 Your money will earn more money if you put it

  A in your room.

  B in a piggy bank

  C in your pocket.

  D in a savings account.

  37 A bank pays you interest for

  A wasting your money

  B losing your money.

  C using your money.

  D decreasing your money 38 Among other things,a bank statement tells you

  A the amount of money you have in the bank.

  B the current rates of interest.

  C the current rates of exchange.

  D the best way to save your money.

  39 If you draw your money before it is due,you will have to

  A pay interest to the bank.

  B close your account

  C open a new account.

  D pay a penalty or fee.

  40 The word“touch" in paragraph 7 could be best replaced by

  A “deposit”.

  B “lend”.

  C “use”.

  D “cash”.

  第三篇

  Exercise Lowers Employers‘Health Costs

  Companies can save millions in health-care costs simply by encouraging their employees to exercise a little bit,researchers reported on Friday

  They said obese(肥胖的)employees had higher health。care costs,but lowered those expenses by exercising just a couple of times a week——without even losing any weight.

  Feifei Wang and colleagues at the University of Michigan studied 23,500 workers at General Motors.

  They estimated that getting the most sedentary(惯于久坐的)obese workers to exercise would have saved about$790,000 a year.or about 15 percent of health—care costs for the whole group Company—wide,the potential savings could reach$7.1 million per year,they reposed in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

  Of the whole group of workers,about 30 percent were of normal weight,45 percent were overweight(超重的),and 25 percent were obese.Annual health—care costs averaged$2,200 for normal weight,$2,400 for the overweight,and$2,700 for obese employees.

  But among workers who did no exercise,healthcare costs went up by at least $100 a year,and were$3,000 a year for obese employees who were sedentary.

  But adding two or more days of light exercise——at least 20 minutes of exercise or work hard enough to increase heart rate and breathing——lowered costs by on average$500 per employee a year,the researchers found.

  41 How can employees help lower the health—care costs?

  A By taking more rest.

  B By eating less.

  C By exercising a little bit.

  D By saving more money.

  42 By encouraging its employees to exercise General Motors could save

  A $790,000 per year.

  B $7.1 million per year.

  C $3,000 per year.

  D $7,300 per year.

  43 How many workers in General Motors were NOT of normal weight?

  A Seventy percent.

  B Thirty percent

  C Forty-five percent

  D Twenty—five percent.

  44 For which group of the workers were the health—care costs the highest?

  A The employees of normal weight.

  B The overweight employees

  C The obese employees.

  D The sedentary obese employees

  45 How often should the employees exercise to help lower the health-care costs?

  A At least seven days a week

  B At least twenty minutes a week

  C At least twice a week

  D At least once a week

  第5部分:补全短文 (第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Caribbean Islands

  What would you See if you took a cruise to the Cartbbean Islands? Palm trees and coconuts (椰子)?White beaches and clear,blue ocean?Colorful corals(珊瑚)and even more colorful fishes and birds?

  You bet There are thousands of islands in the Caribbean Sea.They are famous for their warm,tropical climate and great natural beauty.

  The Caribbean Islands form a chain that separates the Caribbean Sea from the rest of me Atlantic Ocean,Some of the islands were formed by the eruption(爆发)of ancient volcanoes(火山)______(46)

  The Caribbean Islands are known by several names._____(47)The explorer Christopher Columbus called the islands the Indies in 1492 because he thought he was near the coast of India.Later,Spain and France called the islands the Antilles.There are four large islands in the Caribbean Sea_______(48)These four islands are often called the Greater Antilles Together, they account for about 90 percent of the land area of the Caribbean Islands

  The rest of the Caribbean Islands are much smaller.Some of these islands are no more than tiny slivers (小片)of exposed coral.You can see why pirates(海盗)such as the famous Blackbeard satled these waters._____(49)

  The weather of the Caribbean Sea is almost always warm and sunny Sandy beaches line the coasts of many islands.This is why millions of tourists visit the islands each year______(50)

  A But 1ife Oil the Caribbean Islands iS not always painful.

  B The earliest name used by Europeans is the Indies,later changed to the West Indies.

  C Others are low-lying coral islands that gradually rose from the ocean

  D They are Cuba,Puerto Rico,Jamaica,and Hispaniola.

  E Many tourists arrive on cruise ships.

  F There are countless smallislands to bury treasure or hide on.

  第6部分:完形填空 (第5卜65题,每题1分,共15分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Preferences Vary on Circumstances of Dying

  Among terminally(晚期)ill people,attitudes differ on what they think constitutes a ____(51)or bad death,the results of a new study suggest Dr.Elizabeth K Vig of the University of Washington in Seattle and colleagues interviewed 26men with____(52)heart disease or cancer The men were asked to describe good and Bad deaths,and they also answered____(53)about their preferences for dying“In this small study,terminally ill men described good and bad deaths___(54) Vig said”They did not hold the same views about such issues____(55)the presence of others at the very end of life or preferred location of death.

  Many of the men considered____(56) in their sleep to be a good death.The reasons were varied and included not____(57)that death was imminent(即将发生的),and that death would be painless.

  For close to half of the men,a prolonged(拖延的)death was______(58)abad death Some of the men associated a prolonged death with prolonged pain,______(59)others thought a prolonged death would be difficult for their families.

  Most men said that their_____(60) were very important to them,but this did not mean that they wanted relatives close at the_____(61) of death. " Valuing family did not also___(62)wanting family present at the very end of life," Vig said.

  "In fact,some expressed concerns____(63)burdening loved ones,Vig said.For instance,some men were worried about the emotional or_____(64) impact on their family members,according to the Washington researcher Some were worried____(65)their need for care would be a burden on their families,she said

  51 A wrong B pure C good D whole

  52 A frequent B terminal C early D light

  53 A reports B opinions C questions D remarks

  54 A differently B similarly C strangely D fully

  55 A to B as C at D for

  56 A working B dying C talking D dreaming

  57 A arguing B proposing C hoping D knowing

  58 A meant B presented C considered D taken

  59 A where B unless C because D while

  60 A families B friends C colleagues D wishes

  61 A length B time C sake D hand

  62 A stand B mean C help D quit

  63 A round B within C about D into

  64 A financial B original C social D historical

  65 A SO B when C why D that

  满分100分,其中

  1—15每题1分;

  16—30每题1分;

  31—45每题3分;

  46—50每题2分;

  51—65每题1分。

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