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06职称英语模拟题卫生C 第二套

2005-12-14 00:00  来源:     我要纠错 打印 收藏   

    第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

    下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    1.A new system of quality control was brought in to overcome the defects in the firm's products.

    A) invested B) introduced

    C) installed D) insisted

    2. The old concerns lose importance and some of them vanish altogether.

    A) develop B) disappear

    C) link D) renew

    3. There is always excitement at the Olympic Games when an athlete breaks a previous record of performance.

    A) beats B)matches

    C) maintains D)announces

    4. The government is debating the education laws.

    A) discussing B) defeating

    C) delaying D) declining

    5. They had a far better yield than any other farm miles away around this year.

    A) goods B) soil

    C) climate D) harvest

    6. The city has decided to do away with all the old buildings in its center.

    A) get rid of B) set up

    C) repair D) paint

    7. During the past ten years there have been dramatic changes in the international situation.

    A) permanent B) powerful

    C) striking D) practical

    8.It is out of the question that the inspector will come tomorrow.

    A) impossible B) possible

    C) probable D) likely

    9. Techniques to employ the energy of the sun are being developed.

    A) convert B) store

    C) use D) receive

    10.Since the Great Depression, the United States government has protected farmers from damaging drops in grain prices.

    A) slight B) surprising

    C) sudden D) harmful

    11.Cement was seldom used in building the Middle Ages.

    A) crudely B) rarely

    C) originally D)occasionally

    12.Medicine depends on other fields for basic information, particularly some of their specialized branches.

    A) conventionally B) obviously

    C) especially D) inevitably

    13. We were astonished to hear that their football team had won the champion.

    A) amazed B) amounted

    C) amused D) approached

    14.There is an abundant supply of cheap labor in this country.

    A) a steady B) a plentiful

    C) an extra D) a stable

    15.The most crucial problem any economic system faces is how to use its scarce resources.

    A)puzzling B) difficult

    C) terrifying D) urgent

    第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共7分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

    Dyslexia

    As many as 20% of all children in the United States suffer from some form of the learning disorder2 called dyslexia.

    Experts on dyslexia say that the problem is not a disease. They say that persons with dyslexia use information in a different way .One of the world 's great thinkers and scientists. Albert Einstein was dyslexic. Einstein said that he never thought in words the way that most people do .He said that he thought in pictures instead .The American inventor Thomas Edison was also dyslexic. Dyslexia first was recognized in Europe and the United States more than 80 years ago. Many years passed before doctors discovered that persons with the disorder were not mentally slow or disabled .The doctors found that the brains of persons with dyslexia are different. In most people, the left side of the brain3-----the part that controls language is larger than the right side. In persons with dyslexia, the right side of the brain is bigger. Doctors are not sure what causes this difference. However, research has shown that dyslexia is more common in males than in females, and it is found more often in persons who are left handed4. No one knows the cause of dyslexia, but some scientists believe that it may result from chemical changes in a baby's body long before it is born. They are trying to find ways to teach persons with dyslexia. Dyslexic persons think differently and need special kinds of teaching help. After they have solved their problems with language, they often show themselves to be especially intelligent or creative.

    1. One out of five American children suffers from dyslexia.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    2.Many great thinkers and scientists in the world are dyslexic.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    3.The first cases of dyslexia in Europe were discovered less than a century ago.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    4.The left side of the brain in a dyslexic person is bigger than the right side.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    5.Generally speaking, dyslexia is more common in left-handed males than in right-handed females.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    6.It is believed that dyslexia is related to the bad habits of a baby's mother.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    7.Dyslexic people often turn out to be intelligent or creative one they have learned to handle language properly.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(每题1分,共8分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    More Than 8 Hours Sleep Too Much of a Good Thing

    Although the dangers of too little sleep are widely known, new research suggests that people who sleep too much may also suffer the consequences.

    Investigators at the University of California in San Diego found that people who clock up 9 or 10 hours each weeknight appear to have more trouble falling and staying asleep, as well as a number of other sleep problems, than people who sleep 8 hours a night. People who slept only 7 hours each night also said they had more trouble falling asleep and feeling refreshed after a night's sleep than 8-hour sleepers.

    These findings, which DL Daniel Kripke reported in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, demonstrate that people who want to get a good night's rest may not need to set aside more than 8 hours a night. He added that “it might be a good idea” for people who sleep more than 8 hours each night to consider reducing the amount of time they spend in bed, but cautioned that more research is needed to confirm this.

    Previous studies have shown the potential dangers of chronic shortages of sleep, for instance, one report demonstrated that people who habitually sleep less than 7 hours each night have a higher risk of dying within a fixed period than people who sleep more.

    For the current report, Kripke reviewed the responses of 1, 004 adults to sleep questionnaires, in which participants indicated how much they slept during the Week and whether they experienced any sleep problems. Sleep problems included waking in the middle of the night, arising early in the morning and being unable to fall back to sleep, and having fatigue interfere with day-to-day functioning.

    Kripke found that people who slept between 9 and 10 hours each night were more likely to report experiencing each sleep problem than people who slept 8 hours. In an interview, Kripke noted that long sleepers may struggle to get rest at night simply because they spend too much time in bed. As evidence, he added that one way to help insomnia is to spend less time in bed. “It stands to reason that if a person spends too long a time in bed, then they'll spend a higher percentage of time awake. ”he said.

    1. Paragraph 2 ___.

    2. Paragraph 4___.

    3. Paragraph 5___.

    4. Paragraph 6___.

    A. Kripke's research tool

    B. Dangers of Habitual shortages of sleep

    C. Criticism on Kripke's report

    D. A way of overcoming insomnia

    E. Sleep problems of long and short sleepers

    F. Classification of sleep problems

    5. To get a good night's rest, people may not need to ___.

    6. Long sleepers are reported to be more likely to___.

    7.One of the sleep problems is waking in the middle of the night, unable to___.

    8. One survey showed that people who habitually ___each night have a higher risk of dying.

    A fall asleep again.

    B become more energetic the following day

    C sleep less than 7 hours

    D confirm those serious consequences

    E suffer sleep problems

    F sleep more than 8 hours

    第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)

    下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    第1篇

    Storms Sink Ships

    Rescuers have found the bodies of over 130 people killed in two ferry disasters in

    Bangladesh. The accidents happened during a storm that hit the country on April 21. Hundreds more are missing or feared dead.

    The two ferries sank in different rivers near the capital city of Dhakfi as strong winds and rain hit the South Asian country.

    The government has since banned a11 ferries and other boats from traveling at night during the April-May stormy season.

    One of the ferries, MV Mitali, was carrying far more people than it was supposed to. About 400 passengers fitted into a space made for just 300, police said. The second ferry carried about 1 00 passengers.

    "The number of deaths is certain to rise." said an official in charge of the rescue work. "No one really knows how many people were on board or how many of them survived."

    Ferries in Bangladesh don't always keep passenger lists, making it difficult to determine the exact number of people on board.

    Besides the ferry accidents, at least 40 people were killed and 400 injured by lightning strikes, falling houses and trees and the sinking of small boats.

    Storms are common this time of year in Bangladesh, as are boating accidents. Ferry disasters take away hundreds of lives every year in a nation of 130 million people.

    Officials blame these river accidents on a lack of safety measures: too many passengers in boats and not enough checks on weather conditions.

    Ferries are a common means of transport in Bangladesh. It is a country covered by about 230 rivers. Some 20, 000 ferries use the nation's Waterways every year. And many of them are dangerously overcrowded.

    Since 1977, more than 3 000 people have died in some 260 boating accidents.

    词汇:

    ferry n. 渡船

    waterway n. 水路,水道

    Bangladesh:孟加拉国,位于南亚

    练习:

    1. How many people have been found dead in the two ferry disasters?

    A)Over 130.

    B)At least 40.

    C)About 400.

    D) Over 3, 000.

    2. The two ferry disasters occurred

    A)at noon.

    B)in the morning.

    C) at night.

    D)In the afternoon.

    3.How many passengers was MV Mitali designed to carry?

    A)500.

    B)100.

    C)400.

    D)300.

    4. Officials attribute boating accident to

    A)strong winds.

    B)bad weather conditions.

    C)the blockages of waterways.

    D)the lack of safety measures.

    5.hich of the following statements is NOT true of the two ferry disasters?

    A)They were overcrowded.

    B)They sank on April 2I.

    C)The exact number of deaths could be easily determined.

    D)They sank somewhere near Dhaka.

    第2篇

    Stress Level Tied to Education Level

    People with less education suffer fewer stressful days, according to a report in the current issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

    However, the study also found that when 1ess-educated people did suffer stress it was more severe and had a larger impact on their health.

    From this, researchers have concluded that the day-to-day factors that cause stress are not random. Ⅵr11ere you are in society determines the kinds of problems that you have each day, and how well you will cope with them.

    The research team interviewed a national sample of 1 031 adults daily for eight days about their stress level and health. People without a high school diploma reported stress on 30 percent of the study days, people with a high school degree reported stress 38 percent of the time, and people with college degrees reported stress 44 percent of the time.

    “Less advantaged people are less healthy on a daily basis and are more likely to have downward turns in their health,” lead researcher Dr. Joseph Grzywacz, of Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, said in a prepared statement. “The downward turns in health were connected with daily stressors and the effect of daily stressors on their health is much more devastating for the less advantaged.”

    Grzywacz suggested follow-up research to determine why less-educated people report fewer days of stress when it is known their stress is more acute and chronic.

    “If something happens every day, maybe it's not seen as a stressor” Grzywacz says. “Maybe it is just 1ife.”

    词汇:


    stressful adj. 紧张的;压力重的

    diploma n. 毕业文凭, 毕业证书

    stressor n. 紧张刺激物

    devastating adj. 毁灭性的

    follow-up n. (对病人的)随访

    1.Stress level is closely related to

    A)family size.

    B)social status.

    C)body weight.

    D)work experience.

    2. The 1 031 adults were interviewed

    A)on a daily basis for 8days.

    B)during one of eight days.

    C)all by Grzywacz.

    D)in groups.

    3.Which group reported the biggest number of stressful days?

    A)People without any education.

    B)People without high school degrees.

    C)People with high school degrees.

    D)People with college degrees.

    4. The less advantaged people are, the greater

    A)the impact of stress on their health is.

    B)the effect of education on their health is

    C)the level of their education is.

    D)the degree of their health concern is.

    5. Less—educated people report fewer days of stress possibly because

    A)they don't want to tell the truth.

    B)they don't want to face the truth.

    C)stress is too common a factor in their life.

    D their stress is more acute.

    第3篇

    Late-night drinking

    Coffee lovers beware. Having a quick “pick-me-up” cup of coffee late in the day will play havoc with your sleep. As well as being a stimulant, caffeine interrupts the flow of melatonin, the brain hormone that sends people into a sleep.

    Melatonin levels normally start to rise about two hours before bedtime. Levels then peak between 2 a.m. and 4 a. m, before falling again. “It's the neurohormone that controls our sleep and tells our body when to sleep and when to wake,” says Maurice Ohayon of the Stanford Sleep Epidemiklogy Research Center at Stanford University in California. But researchers in Israel have found that caffeinated coffee halves the body‘s levels of this sleep hormone.

    Lotan Shilo and a team at the Sapir Medical Center in Tel Aviv University found that six volunteers slept less well after a cup of caffeinated coffee than after drinking the same amount of decaf. On average, subjects slept 336 minutes per night after drinking caffeinated coffee, compared with 415 minutes after decaf. They also took half an hour to drop off---twice as long as usual---and jigged around in twice as much.

    In the second phase of the experiment, the researchers woke the volunteers every three hours and asked them to give a urine sample. Shilo measured concentrations of abreakers were half those in decaf drinkers. The results suggest that melatonin concentrations in caffeine drinkers were half those in decaf drinkers. In a paper accepted for publication in Sleep Medicine, the researchers suggest that caffeine blocks production of the enzyme the drives melatonin production.

    Because it can take many hours to eliminate caffeine from the body, Ohayon recommends that coffee lovers switch to decaf after lunch.

    练习:

    1. The author mentions“ pick-me-up” to indicate that

    A) melatonin levels need to be raised.

    B) Neurohormone can wake us up.

    C) Coffee is stimulant.

    D) Decaf is a caffeinated coffee.

    2. Which of the following tells us how caffeine affects sleep?

    A) Caffeine blocks production of the enzyme that stops melatonin production.

    B) Caffeine interrupts the flow of sleep hormone.

    C) Caffeine halves the body's levels of sleep hormone.

    D) Caffeine stays in the body for many hours.

    3. What does paragraph 3 mainly discuss?

    A) Different effects of caffeinated coffee and decaf on sleep.

    B) Different findings of Lotan Shilo and a team about caffeine.

    C) The fact that the subjects slept 415 minutes per night after drinking decaf.

    D) The evidence that the subjects took half an hour to fall asleep.

    4. What does the experiment mentioned in paragraph in paragraph 4 prove?

    A) There are more enzymes in decaf drinkers' urine sample.

    B) There are more melatonin concenrrations in caffeine drinkers' urine sample.

    C) Decaf drinkers produce less melatonin.

    D) Caffeine drinkers produce less sleep hormone.

    5. The author of this passage probably agrees that

    A) coffee lovers sleep less than those who do not drink coffee.

    B) We should not drink coffee after supper.

    C) People sleep more soundly at midnight than at 3 a.m.

    D) If we feel sleepy at night, we should go to bed immediately.

    第五部分:补全短文(每题2分, 共10分)

    阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放在文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

    How one simple movement can let slip the secrets of the mind

    Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all! It is said that our body movements communicate about 50 per cent of what we really mean while words themselves only express 7 per cent. So, while your mouth is closed, just what is your body saying…

    Arms. __(1)__ If you keep your a/ins to the sides of your body or behind your back。this suggests you are not afraid of taking on。whatever comes your way。__(2)__ If someone upsets you, just cross your arms to show you're unhappy!

    Head. When you want to appear confident, keep your head level. If you are monitor in class, you can also take on this position when you want your words to be taken seriously__(3)__

    Legs. Your legs tend to move around a lot more than normal when you are nervous or telling lies. If you are at interviews, try to keep them still!

    Posture. A good posture makes you feel better about yourself. __(4)__ This makes breathing more difficult, which in turn Can make you feel nervous or uncomfortable.

    Mouth. When you are thinking, you often purse your lips. You might4 also use this position to hold back an angry comment you don't wish to show. __(5)__

    词汇:

    confident/adj. 自信的

    purse/vt. 皱缩;皱拢

    outgoing/adj. 开朗的

    posture/n. 姿势

    inwards/adv. 向内

    receptive/adj. 善于接受的, 能接纳的

    练习:

    A If you ale feeling down (5),you normally don't sit straight, with your shoulders inwards.

    B If you are pleased, you usually open your eyes wide and people Can notice this.

    C Outgoing people generally use their arms with big movements, while quieter people keep them close to their bodies.

    D How you hold your arms shows how open and receptive you ale to people you meet.

    E However, it will probably still be noticed, and people will know you're not pleased.

    F However, to be friendly in listening or speaking, you must move your head a little to one side.

    第六部分:完型填空 (每题1分, 共15分)

    阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    Eat for a Good and Healthful Life

    Food __1__ us alive. It is our sustenance and our pleasure. But recently, research has shown that the eating habits of the average Americans may be dangerous to future health.

    The foods Americans now choose are oftentimes too __2__ in calories and fats, so this article reports a new study: Diet and Health, Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk.

    The study, conducted __3__ the National Research Council's committee on Diet and Health, __4__ that balancing nutrition, calories and activity is key __5__ enjoying a long and healthful life.

    The report recommends that most Americans increase __6__ activity to a moderate level and make changes in food __7__ and calories intake to maintain ideal weight. Most of us --- even those of us at ideal weight --- need to eat __8__ fat so that no more than 30% of our daily calories will come from fat.

    That means cutting __9__ on red meat and whole milk dairy products. __10__, eat fish, chicken without skin, lean meats, and low-fat and no-fat dairy products.

    The report of the Committee on Diet and Health recommends we eat five or more 1/2-cup servings of vegetables and fruits __11__ --- especially green and yellow vegetables and citrus fruits.

    Eating more fruits and vegetables doesn't have to mean increased calories intake. Many plant foods are nutrient-rich: they provide many vitamins and minerals for very few __12__.

    Nutrient-rich foods are particularly important for Americans __13__ age 50. As we __14__, we need to eat less because our bodies need __15__ calories to function properly. But we still need full measures of vitamins and minerals to release the energy in our foods and make us feel strong and healthy.

    1. A remain B remains C keep D keeps

    2. A full B rich C little D special

    3. A by B at C with D for

    4. A doubts B concludes C knows D reasons

    5. A about B to C of D for

    6. A mental B spare C physical D chemical

    7. A choose B chooses C chose D choices

    8. A little B much C less D more

    9. A up B down C hard D off

    10. A However B Or C Indeed D Rather

    11. A day B daily C year D annually

    12. A nutrition B nutritions C calorie D calories

    13. A over B under C for D in

    14. A older B old C age D grow

    15. A less B. fewer C more D enough

    答案与解析

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